A Study of Tocilizumab (RoActemra/Actemra) in Patients With Ankylosing Spondylitis Who Have Had an Inadequate Response to Previous Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) Antagonist Therapy
This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study evaluated the safety and efficacy of tocilizumab (RoActemra/Actemra) in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) who had an inadequate response to previous tumor necrosis factor (TNF) antagonist therapy. Patients were randomized to receive tocilizumab at a dose of either 8 mg/kg or 4 mg/kg intravenously (iv) or placebo every 4 weeks for 24 weeks. The double-blind treatment period was followed by open-label treatment with tocilizumab 8 mg/kg iv every 4 weeks until Week 104 for all patients.
This study and all further clinical development of tocilizumab AS was halted after a review of 12-week data from Study NA22823, a randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled study in TNF antagonist naïve AS patients, failed to demonstrate efficacy.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Randomized, Double-blind, Parallel Group Placebo-controlled Study of the Safety and Reduction of Signs and Symptoms During Treatment With Tocilizumab (TCZ) Versus Placebo in Patients With Ankylosing Spondylitis Who Have Had an Inadequate Response to Previous TNF Antagonist Therapy|
- Percentage of ASsessment in Ankylosing Spondylitis 20 (ASAS20) Responders at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]ASAS20 was defined as an improvement of ≥ 20% and an absolute improvement of ≥ 10 units on a 0-100 visual analog scale (VAS) from Baseline to Week 12 in 3 of 4 domains: 1-Patient global assessment (with extremes labelled none and severe), 2-Pain assessment (average total and nocturnal pain scores with extremes labelled no pain and most severe pain), 3-Function (represented by the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis (BAS) Functional Index [BASFI] average of 10 questions regarding ability to perform specific tasks with extremes labelled easy and impossible), and 4-Inflammation (average of the last 2 questions on the 6-question BAS Disease Activity Index [BASDAI] concerning morning stiffness intensity with extremes labelled none and very severe and duration between 0 and 2 or more hours); and the absence of deterioration (of at least 20% and absolute change of at least 10 units on a 0-100 mm scale) in the remaining domain.
|Study Start Date:||October 2010|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2011|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Tocilizumab 4 mg/kg
Patients received tocilizumab 4 mg/kg intravenously every 4 weeks for 24 weeks.
Experimental: Tocilizumab 8 mg/kg
Patients received tocilizumab 8 mg/kg intravenously every 4 weeks for 24 weeks.
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Patients received placebo to tocilizumab intravenously every 4 weeks for 24 weeks.
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|Study Director:||Clinical Trials||Hoffmann-La Roche|