Medications Development for the Treatment of Cannabis Related Disorders (MTC)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Virginia
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01204723
First received: September 14, 2010
Last updated: May 31, 2012
Last verified: May 2012
  Purpose

The primary objective of this application is to test the neurobehavioral mechanisms and effects of aprepitant as a new cessation agent for cannabis, tobacco or both.


Condition Intervention Phase
Nicotine Withdrawal
Marijuana Dependence
Cannabis Dependence
Nicotine Dependence
Cannabis Abuse
Drug: Placebo Aprepitant
Drug: Active Aprepitant
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: Medications Development for the Treatment of Cannabis Related Disorders

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Virginia:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • withdrawal symptom severity, measured on a 0 (not at all) to 3 (severe) scale [ Time Frame: collected on each study day ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Subjective experience of withdrawal symptoms for cannabis, tobacco, and both (eg: Irritability, Sleep difficulty, Chills, Nervousness)

  • "craving" measured using the Marijuana craving questionaire and the tobacco craving questionaire [ Time Frame: collected on each study day ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Subjective measures of craving for cannabis, tobacco, and both Questionaires are anchored with strongly disagree to strongly agree (1-7)

  • reinforcing effects, as measured using the Multiple Choice Questionaire [ Time Frame: collected each day of study ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Reinforcement value of cannabis and tobacco as measured by preference for money over the administration of either drug; questionaire has 70 questions and money value vs. drug ranges from 25 cents to 25 dollars 1-70.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • sleep quality [ Time Frame: collected on each study day ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A VAS sleep questionnaire will be used each morning to assess daily sleep quality.

  • Neurocognitive Function [ Time Frame: collected on days 1-4 of the study ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The purpose of examining the neurocognitive function of our participants on days 1-4 is to examine the safety of the co-administration of aprepitant at 160 mg/day with oral THC (dronabinol 10 mg) on brain function. Tasks used are the DSST - The Digit Symbol Substitution Test measures the learning of integrating visual and motor skills, and the SRTT- The Simple reaction Time Task is a well validated computerized test for assessing the effects of psychoactive drugs on performance.

  • Number of Participants with Adverse Events as a Measure of Safety and Tolerability [ Time Frame: each day of study ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Blood pressure, pulse, and a Systematic Assessment For Treatment Emergent Events (SAFTEE) are collected daily. Electrocardiograms (EKGs) are collected at baseline and discharge.


Enrollment: 63
Study Start Date: August 2009
Study Completion Date: April 2012
Primary Completion Date: January 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Behavioral Condition 1
Nicotine patch (21 mg) plus placebo oral cannabis (0 mg; 3 times a day on days 2-4, given once on day 5)
Drug: Placebo Aprepitant
Placebo Aprepitant 0 mg once daily for 5 days
Drug: Active Aprepitant
Active Aprepitant 160 mg once daily for 5 days
Experimental: Behavioral Condition 2
Placebo nicotine patch (0 mg) plus oral cannabis (10 mg, 3 times each day, days 2-4, day 5 given once)
Drug: Placebo Aprepitant
Placebo Aprepitant 0 mg once daily for 5 days
Drug: Active Aprepitant
Active Aprepitant 160 mg once daily for 5 days
Experimental: Behavioral Condition 3
Placebo nicotine patch (0 mg) plus placebo oral cannabis (0 mg, 3 times each day days 2-4, day 5 given once)
Drug: Placebo Aprepitant
Placebo Aprepitant 0 mg once daily for 5 days
Drug: Active Aprepitant
Active Aprepitant 160 mg once daily for 5 days

Detailed Description:

Stress (emotional, physical, social) facilitates drug seeking behavior through the activation of the HPA axis, autonomic nervous system, and brain DA systems. Furthermore, alterations within several neuropeptide systems (CRF, Substance P, and others) also contribute to the role of stress in addiction. Central to this project is that anxiety and stress responses are modulated by substance P and its preferred target, the NK1 receptor. Therefore the aim of this pilot clinical trial is to determine the safety and efficacy of aprepitant (a neurokinin 1 (NK1) receptor antagonist). We hypothesize that the NK1 receptor antagonist, aprepitant, will be safe, tolerable and efficacious at reducing the withdrawal symptoms, cue craving, and reinforcement value for both cannabis and tobacco resulting from the cessation of either or both drugs. We will assess this hypothesis in the context of a carefully controlled human laboratory study in which subjects (N=72) will be randomized in a 3 x 2 factorial design to one of 3 behavioral conditions; a) withdrawn from both substances, b) withdrawn from tobacco only, or c) withdrawn from cannabis only, and to receive one of 2 medication dose conditions: placebo or aprepitant (160 mg/day). Medication will be administered for 5 days, followed by a cue challenge, choice procedure, and then a consequence (i.e., oral cannabis or a cigarette or money) also on day 5.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 45 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Must meet DSM-IV/ICD-10 criteria for cannabis abuse or dependence
  • Must be non-treatment seeking individuals
  • Participant does not meet DSM-IV criteria for any current (i.e., criteria met at any point in the past 30 days) dependence on a substance other than alcohol, nicotine, caffeine, or marijuana or physiological dependence on alcohol requiring medical detoxification.
  • No subjects who have trouble reading the English language or visual or hearing problems that may interfere with the collection of data
  • Not currently taking other medications (with the exception of oral contraceptives) that would preclude safe participation in this study
  • Must test negative for pregnancy prior to inclusion
  • females using birth control pills must agree to use a condom during intercourse for 1 month after participation in study because the study medication will decrease the effectiveness of the birth control pill rendering it ineffective
  • Should be in general good health
  • No evidence of recent use of other illicit drugs on a urine toxicity screen prior to admission

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Major current (within last 90 days) Axis I psychopathology (e.g., major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia)
  • Presence of significant medical illness (e.g., diabetes, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, cancer, epilepsy, kidney disease)
  • Current, repeated illicit drug use (other than marijuana)
  • Subject is breastfeeding or pregnant
  • Concurrent therapy with drugs known to inhibit CYP3A4 activity
  • Request for drug treatment
  • Current parole or probation
  • Recent history of significant violent or suicide behavior
  • Allergic to sesame oil
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01204723

Locations
United States, Virginia
University of Virginia Center for Addiction Education and Treatment (UVA CARE)
Charlottesville, Virginia, United States, 22908
Clinical Pharmacological Research Unit (CPRU), University of Virginia School of Medicine
Charlottesville, Virginia, United States, 22903
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Virginia
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Heather M Haughey, Ph.D. University of Virginia School of Medicine, Dept. Psychiatry and Neurobehavioral Sciences
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided by University of Virginia

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: University of Virginia
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01204723     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 14392, R01DA027131
Study First Received: September 14, 2010
Last Updated: May 31, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by University of Virginia:
Therapeutic Uses
Marijuana Abuse
Nicotine Dependence
Nicotine Withdrawal
neurokinin Receptor
NK1 Receptor antagonist
Substance P
Recurrence
Substance Withdrawal Syndrome
Substance-Related Disorders
Disorders of Environmental Origin
Mental Disorders
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes
Tetrahydrocannabinol
Psychotropic Drugs
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Narcotic Antagonists
cannabis

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Therapeutic Uses
Marijuana Abuse
Tobacco Use Disorder
Substance Withdrawal Syndrome
Substance-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders
Narcotic Antagonists
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Aprepitant
Fosaprepitant
Neurotransmitter Agents
Sensory System Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Central Nervous System Agents
Analgesics
Antiemetics
Autonomic Agents
Gastrointestinal Agents
Neurokinin-1 Receptor Antagonists

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 20, 2014