Anterior and Posterior Segment Vascular Changes Following Laser and Anti-Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy
The study will investigate changes in the structure and function of blood vessels in the front and back of the eye following laser and anti-VEGF treatments for sight-threatening diabetic eye disease. Sixty four volunteers will be recruited, including age-matched control subjects and diabetic patients who require conventional or contemporary treatment for pre-existing diabetic eye disease. Volunteers will be assessed before and after treatment using state-of-the-art techniques to measure vision, the rate of blood flow and structure at the front and back of the eye and the effectiveness of blood flow delivery. Changes following treatment in these novel, non-invasive techniques will be quantified and described. We anticipate that conventional and new / developing treatments will lead to narrowing of the vessels and consequent reduction of blood flow at the back and front of the eye. There will be a strong relationship between structural changes of the eye and functional changes of blood vessels at the front and back of the eye. The results of this study will improve our understanding of the impact of the various treatments on the entire eye. The research will also ensure an improved understanding of the mechanisms of action of the various treatments and will provide insight of reasons for good or poor outcomes, based upon specific changes in structure and blood flow.
Diabetic Macular Edema
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Anterior and Posterior Segment Vascular Changes Following Laser and Anti-Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy.|
- Quantitative inner retinal blood flow [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3, 7, 30 days and 3 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Inner retinal blood flow will be measured using Canon Laser Blood Flowmeter
- Mean retinal thickness for an annulus centered on fovea [ Time Frame: Baseline,3,7,30 days, and 3 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Mean retinal thickness will be measured using Heidelberg Spectralis Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography
- Best Corrected Visual Acuity (LogMAR, EDTRS) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3, 7, 30 days and 3 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Best Corrected Visual Acuity will be examined using 96% and 10 % contrast EDTRS letter charts.
- Quantitative anterior blood flow [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3, 7, 30 days and 3 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Quantitative anterior blood flow will be assessed by measuring velocity of individual rbc's (μm/sec) and blood oxygen saturation(%)
- Mean angle opening distance and trabecular-iris spur area [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3, 7, 30 days and 3 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Mean angle opening distance and trabecular-iris spur area will be measured by Heidelberg Slit-Lamp Optical Coherence Tomography.
|Study Start Date:||July 2009|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||August 2014|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||August 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Patients who are clinically indicated for the laser treatment
Anti-VEGF Group (Bevacizumab)
Patients who are clinically indicated for the intravitreal injection of Bevacizumab
Anti-VEGF Group (Ranibizumab)
Patients who are clinically indicated for intravitreal injection of Ranibizumab
Group of non-diabetic participants who will be age and gender matched
Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) is the single leading cause of blindness in people of working age. The total number of people living with diabetes in Canada is well over 2 million. The WHO estimates that around 12% of people with diabetes are blind or will develop severe vision loss. The two most common treatments of DR are: Laser Photocoagulation and anti-VEGF intravitreal injection. Clinical evidence demonstrates that these treatments lead to morphological and vascular retinal changes, however the actual mechanism and nature of post treatment changes is not fully understood. It is only recently that objective and quantitative imaging and hemodynamic technologies with previously unachievable resolution have become available that enable us to evaluate and to compare various effects of these treatments on vital eye structures.
We are proposing to take advantage of these state-of-the-art technologies in order to explore unknown effects of treatments on vital eye structures. We hypothesize that: 1) Laser Photocoagulation and anti-VEGF treatments will result in vessel constriction and hence reduction in posterior (retinal and choroidal) and anterior (conjunctival) ocular blood flow; 2) Changes in anterior segment ocular morphology and blood flow will positively correlate with changes in posterior segment morphology and blood flow; 3) Combined treatments will result in a greater reduction in posterior and anterior blood flow than any single treatment; 4) There will be differences in anterior and posterior blood flow outcomes and in anterior segment oxygen saturation when compared to healthy controls.
The study will include four groups of participants: Laser treatment group; Intravitreal injection of Bevacizumab treatment group; Intravitreal injection of Ranibizumab treatment group; Healthy age matched controls. The administration of ranibizumab and bevacizumab will be randomized across participants. Randomization number will be assigned to each participant and recorded in a Master Randomization Assignment List. All patients will be recruited from the Retina Clinics of the Toronto Western Hospital.
Every type 2 diabetic patient with Diabetic Macular Edema will be assessed prior to treatment and followed-up on the 3rd, 7th,30th day and 3 months after the initial treatment.
|Contact: Olena Puzyeyeva, MD||(416)603-5694 ext firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Lee-Anne Khuu, MSc||(416)603-5694 ext email@example.com|
|Toronto Western Hospital||Recruiting|
|Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5T2S8|
|Contact: Olena Puzyeyeva, MD (416)603-5694 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Lee-Anne Khuu, MSc (416)603-5694 email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator: Christopher Hudson, PhD|
|Sub-Investigator: Michael Brent, MD|
|Sub-Investigator: John G Flanagan, PhD|
|Sub-Investigator: Wai-Ching Lam, MD|
|Sub-Investigator: Robert G Devenyi, MD|
|Sub-Investigator: Mark Mandelcorn, MD|
|Sub-Investigator: Efrem Mandelcorn, MD|
|Principal Investigator:||Christopher Hudson, PhD||University of Toronto|