Role of Repeated Painful Procedures in Preterm Neonates on Short Term Neurobehavioural Outcome

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
DR. VIKRAM DATTA, Lady Hardinge Medical College
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01190995
First received: August 27, 2010
Last updated: November 23, 2011
Last verified: November 2011
  Purpose

Procedural pain in neonates is recently acknowledged entity and many studies on the use of pharmacological as well as non pharmacological interventions for alleviation of this pain have been done. Of these, sucrose with or without non nutritive sucking has been the most widely studied and accepted form of pain relief. Its analgesic effect is thought to be mediated by endogenous opioid pathways activated by sweet taste (orogustatory effect).

Although, guidelines based on systematic reviews and meta-analysis for pain management recommend the use of sucrose solutions for pain relief during procedures, the use of repeated doses of sucrose with preterm neonates requires further investigation.

Pain may have profound consequences for preterm neonates during a critical time of brain development. Data derived from animal models suggests that repeated painful stimuli may result in structural and functional reorganization of the nervous system and alteration in future pain response. Early pain experience during this critical period in development are thought to have immediate and long term consequences that could influence physiological, behavioral and developmental outcomes. Early repetitive procedural pain related stress in very preterm neonates is associated with poorer neurobehaviour in first 2 years of life.1 This study aims to assess the effect of repeated painful stimuli on short term neurobehaviour of preterm infants and the efficacy of repeated doses of sucrose used for pain relief.


Condition Intervention Phase
Pain
Drug: 24% Sucrose
Drug: Placebo
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Screening
Official Title: A Randomised Controlled Trial to Evaluate the Role of Repeated Painful Procedures in Preterm Neonates on Short Term Neurobehavioural Outcome

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Lady Hardinge Medical College:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Short term neurobehaviour status at enrollment in the study and at 40weeks post conceptional age using the NAPI scale. [ Time Frame: 40 weeks of post conceptional age. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Short term neurobehaviour status at enrollment in the study and at 40weeks post conceptional age using the(Neurobehavioural Assessment of Preterm Infant) NAPI scale.


Enrollment: 106
Study Start Date: July 2010
Study Completion Date: November 2011
Primary Completion Date: November 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Sucrose
The enrolled neonates will be administered a sterile solution of 24 % sucrose orally for a period of 7 days from enrollment The patient will be enrolled into the study only after an informed written consent has been obtained from either of the parent/caregiver. At the beginning of each potentially painful procedure namely, venepuncture, venous and arterial cannulation, heel lance,orogastric tube insertion, suprapubic aspiration of urine and any other skin breaking procedure,0.5ml of solution marked with patients serial number will be administered by a prefilled syringe to the patient on the anterior aspect of the tongue , avoiding spillage , by the personnel carrying out the procedure.
Drug: 24% Sucrose
The enrolled neonates will be administered either a sterile solution of 24 % sucrose or double distilled water orally for a period of 7 days from enrollment. At the beginning of each potentially painful procedure namely, venepuncture, venous and arterial cannulation, heel lance,orogastric tube insertion, suprapubic aspiration of urine and any other skin breaking procedure,0.5ml of solution marked with patients serial number will be administered by a prefilled syringe to the patient on the anterior aspect of the tongue , avoiding spillage , by the personnel carrying out the procedure
Other Name: Sucrose
Drug: Placebo
The patient will be enrolled into the study only after an informed written consent has been obtained from either of the parent/caregiver. At the beginning of each potentially painful procedure namely, venepuncture, venous and arterial cannulation, heel lance,orogastric tube insertion, suprapubic aspiration of urine and any other skin breaking procedure,0.5ml of solution marked with patients serial number will be administered by a prefilled syringe to the patient on the anterior aspect of the tongue , avoiding spillage , by the personnel carrying out the procedure
Other Name: Distilled Water
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
The enrolled neonates will be administered double distilled water orally for a period of 7 days from enrollment. At the beginning of each potentially painful procedure namely, venepuncture, venous and arterial cannulation, heel lance,orogastric tube insertion, suprapubic aspiration of urine and any other skin breaking procedure,0.5ml of solution marked with patients serial number will be administered by a prefilled syringe to the patient on the anterior aspect of the tongue , avoiding spillage , by the personnel carrying out the procedure
Drug: Placebo
The patient will be enrolled into the study only after an informed written consent has been obtained from either of the parent/caregiver. At the beginning of each potentially painful procedure namely, venepuncture, venous and arterial cannulation, heel lance,orogastric tube insertion, suprapubic aspiration of urine and any other skin breaking procedure,0.5ml of solution marked with patients serial number will be administered by a prefilled syringe to the patient on the anterior aspect of the tongue , avoiding spillage , by the personnel carrying out the procedure
Other Name: Distilled Water

Detailed Description:

DEFINITION OF PAIN - an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience with actual or potential damage or described in terms of such damage (note that the inability to communicate verbally or non verbally does not negate the possibility that an individual is having pain and is in need of appropriate pain relieving treatment)

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND- we as clinicians have emerged from a period of relative neglect of neonatal pain and are now recognizing the immediate and long term impact of pain on the neonatal development as well as the need to alleviate pain effectively. Neonatal pain has been acknowledged and Paediatric societies such as American Academy of Paediatrics and Canadian paediatric society (2000) have adopted specific guidelines on pain relief in neonates .

LONG TERM EFFECTS OF CHRONIC PAIN -Early repeated procedural pain in NICU has been proposed as one of the factors that may contribute to altered development of cognition ,motor function and behaviour in infants and children born preterm.The vulnerability of preterms is well established due to their lower pain threshold ,sensitization from repeated pain and immature systems for maintaining homeostasis .For infants with extremely immature physiological and neurobehavioural systems ,continual adaptation to repeated challenges induces long term alterations in pain sensitivity, might affect generalized stress arousal systems and potentially affect the developing cytotexture of the brain. The physiologic perturbations associated with early prolonged exposure to episodic pain appear to contribute to altering the rapidly developing stress systems .Exposure to painful procedures in early neonatal period affects the long term neurobehavioural outcome.

.

SCALE USED TO ASSESS SHORT TERM NEUROBEHAVIOUR

NAPI (NEUROBEHAVIOURAL ASSESSMENT OF PRETERM INFANT) -The NAPI is appropriate for infants between 32 weeks post conceptional age and term. It assesses the relative maturity of functioning of preterm infants,with higher scores reflecting higher maturity , and can differentiate 2 weeks PCA . The clinical validity and sensitivity of NAPI were established using an index of medical complications based on a 1-5 classification range of degrees of complications21 The items in the motor development cluster include ventral suspension, prone head raising ,the crawling reflex ,forearm recoil ,power of active movements , and vigor of spontaneous movements .The alertness and orientation items include percent of time in an alert state ,duration and quality of alertness , quantitative response to inanimate and animate visual and auditory stimulation and qualitative ratings that express the nature of response.

LACUNAE IN KNOWLEDGE -Preterm infants are more prone to undergo multiple painful procedures due to their prolonged stay in the neonatal intensive care unit and their typical vulnerable clinical profile.It has now been proved that painful procedures lead to long term changes in the pain reactivity and also affect the long term neurobehavioural outcome in these preterm infants.When a medline search was carried out on the subject it did not return any result.Currently there is no study which has tried to explore the short term neurobehavioural outcome in preterm babies >32 weeks - <37 weeks of gestation who undergo multiple painful procedures during their NICU stay.The present study was thus planned to evaluate the role of sucrose analgesia in alleviating the pain caused by the routine NICU procedures over a period of 7 days and to assess the early neurobehavioural outcome in these babies with the help of a well designed double blinded randomized controlled trial.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 28 Days
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. All preterms (more than equal to 32 weeks to less than 37 weeks)
  2. within first 48 hrs of post natal life
  3. Clinically stable from respiratory and hemodynamic point of view
  4. Parental consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. neonates requiring ventilatory support
  2. neonates with any neurological impairment(HIE ,seizures)
  3. receiving opiates or born to mothers receiving opiates
  4. newborns who have received muscle relaxants ,sedatives or analgesics
  5. grade 3 or 4 IVH
  6. major congenital anomalies
  7. 5 mins apgar of less than 7
  8. Neonates undergoing any surgery
  9. Birth trauma
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01190995

Locations
India
Lady Hardinge Medical College,New Delhi
Delhi, India
Lady Hardinge Medical College
New Delhi, India, 110001
Sponsors and Collaborators
Lady Hardinge Medical College
Investigators
Study Chair: VIKRAM DATTA, MD Lady Hardinge Medical College
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: DR. VIKRAM DATTA, Professor, Lady Hardinge Medical College
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01190995     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Pain and Neurobehaviour
Study First Received: August 27, 2010
Last Updated: November 23, 2011
Health Authority: India: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Lady Hardinge Medical College:
Pain
Neonate
Procedure
Neurobehavioural outcome

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 20, 2014