Penostatin, Rituximab and Ontak and Allogeneic Natural Killer (NK) Cells for Refractory Lymphoid Malignancies

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified May 2014 by Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01181258
First received: August 12, 2010
Last updated: May 15, 2014
Last verified: May 2014
  Purpose

In this study the investigators investigate a cell therapy strategy that could harness allogeneic effectors that can potentially mediate anti-lymphoma effect. The investigators have designed a novel lymphodepleting conditioning regimen followed by infusion of donor-derived natural killer (NK) cells and interleukin-2 (IL-2) for patients with refractory lymphoid malignancies.


Condition Intervention Phase
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Drug: Rituximab
Biological: Interleukin-2
Biological: Natural killer cells
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Drug: Methylprednisolone
Drug: Fludarabine
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Lymphodepleting Chemotherapy With Rituximab and Allogeneic Natural Killer Cells for Patients With Refractory Lymphoid Malignancies (MT2009-15)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Objective Response Rate [ Time Frame: Month 2 Post Infusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The proportion of patients with an objective response rate (Partial Response +Complete Response) at 2 months post haploidentical NK cell infusion in patient with refractory/relapsed NHL or chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL).


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Serious Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Month 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Number of serious adverse events that occur during study. Adverse event collection for the purposes of this study will focus on targeted adverse events and unexpected adverse events at specific time points in relation to the NK cell infusion and post infusion IL2 injections.

  • Time to Disease Progression [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Month 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Cumulative incidence will be used to determine time to disease progression.

  • Patients with Expansion of NK Cells [ Time Frame: Day 14 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Number of patients who experience in vivo expansion of allogeneic donor natural killer (NK) cells.


Estimated Enrollment: 34
Study Start Date: August 2010
Estimated Study Completion Date: August 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date: August 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Patients Receiving NK Cell Infusion
Non-Myeloablative Conditioning Using Rituximab, Fludarabine, Cyclophosphamide and Methylprednisolone followed by Interleukin 2-activated Allogeneic Natural Killer Cells infusion for Patients with Refractory NHL and CLL
Drug: Rituximab
375 mg/m^2 administered intravenously (IV) weekly * 4, (day -7, -1, +6, +13) pre-infusion with natural killer cells (NK)
Other Names:
  • Rituxan
  • MabThera
Biological: Interleukin-2
subcutaneously administered 9 million international units (IU) every other day * 6 doses over 2 weeks begin 1 to 24 hours after NK cell infusion. If weight < 45 kilograms, give IL-2 at 5 million units/m2 on same schedule.
Other Name: IL-2
Biological: Natural killer cells
administered intravenously 1.5 to 8 * 10^7 cells/kg on Day 0 (day of NK cell infusion)
Other Name: NK cells
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
60 mg/kg administered intravenously (IV) for 2 hours on day -5 after Fludarabine.
Other Name: Cytoxan
Drug: Methylprednisolone
1 mg/kg on Days -2 through +9 as an intravenous (IV) infusion.
Other Name: Medrol
Drug: Fludarabine
25 mg/m^2/day administered as a 1 hour IV infusion once a day for 5 doses (day -6 through day -2).
Other Name: Fludara

Detailed Description:

This is a single center phase II trial designated to expand donor NK cells and induce remissions in patients with refractory non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) using chemotherapy followed by haploidentical NK cells and IL2.

Primary Objective is to evaluate the objective response rate (PR+CR) at 2 months post haploidentical NK cell infusion in patients with refractory Non Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL).

Secondary Objective is to 1) evaluate the safety and tolerability of lymphodepleting chemotherapy, rituximab, and methylprednisone as determined by incidence of serious adverse events; 2) evaluate in vivo expansion of allogeneic donor NK cells at day 14; 3) determine time to progression

Exploratory Objective is to 1) correlate clinical response with frequencies of peripheral blood T reg cells after chemotherapy; 2) correlate clinical response with donor KIR-B-content score determined by genotype; 3) monitor phenotypic and functional characteristics of natural killer cells and regulatory T cells in vivo; 4) correlate clinical response with donor FcR polymorphism.

  • Pre-NK cell infusion chemotherapeutic regimen consist of 1) Rituximab 375mg/m2 IV weekly x 4, start day -7; 2) Fludarabine 25 mg/m2 IV day -6 through day -2; 3) Cyclophosphamide 60mg/kg IV day -5; 4) Methylprednisolone 1 mg/kg day -2 through day +9.
  • NK cell infusion using IL2 activated donor NK cells 1.5 to 8 x 107 cells/kg IV day 0
  • IL2 SC 9 million IU every other day x 6 doses over 2 weeks begin 1 to 24 hours after NK cell infusion. If weight < 45 kilograms, give IL-2 at 5 million units/m2 on same schedule

Accrual Goal: Up to 17 patients will be enrolled

  Eligibility

Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients of any age with diagnosis of:

    • Relapsed/refractory lymphoma (B cell non-Hodgkin) who have lack of objective response to at least two prior chemotherapy regimens
    • Relapsed chronic lymphocytic leukemia with high risk features: lack of objective response or relapse within 6 months following nucleoside-analogue based chemotherapy regimen or patients with 17p deletion CLL who lacked objective response to at least 1 preceding chemotherapy regimen
  • Available related HLA haploidentical NK cell donor by at least Class I serologic typing at the A&B locus (age 12-75 years)
  • Karnofsky > 70% for patients 16 years and older and Lansky play score > 50 for patients under 16 years of age
  • Measurable disease based on modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST)
  • Have acceptable organ function as defined within 28 days of enrollment:

    • Hematologic: platelets ≥ 80,000 x 10^9/L; hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL, unsupported by transfusions within 7 days; absolute neutrophile count (ANC) ≥ 1000 x 10^9/L, unsupported by Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) or Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony Stimulating Factor (GM-CSF) for 10 days or Neulasta for 21 days - the hematologic requirements are waived for patients with inadequate counts due to known bone marrow involvement by disease who are otherwise eligible
    • Renal: calculated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) > 50 ml/min
    • Hepatic: Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) < 5 x upper limit of normal and total bilirubin ≤3 mg/dl - hepatic requirements are waived for patients with known disease involvement in the liver if otherwise eligible
    • Pulmonary function: >40% corrected Carbon Monoxide Diffusing Capacity (DLCO) and Forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) (oxygen saturation [>92%] can be used in child where pulmonary function tests (PFT's) cannot be obtained)
    • Cardiac: no symptoms of uncontrolled cardiac disease, left ventricular ejection fraction ≥ 40%
  • Able to be off prednisone or other immunosuppressive medications for at least 3 day prior to Day 0 (excluding denileukin diftitox pre-medications)
  • Sexually active women of childbearing potential must agree to use adequate contraception (diaphragm, birth control pills, injections, intrauterine device [IUD], surgical sterilization, subcutaneous implants, or abstinence, etc.) for the duration of treatment.
  • Voluntary written consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant or lactating. The agents used in this study may be teratogenic to a fetus and there is no information on the excretion of agents into breast milk. All females of childbearing potential must have a blood test or urine study within 14 days prior to enrollment to rule out pregnancy. Women of childbearing age must use appropriate contraceptive method.
  • Active central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma/leukemia - Patients with prior CNS involvement are eligible provided that it has been treated and is in remission.
  • Active serious infection (pulmonary infiltrates or lesions are allowed only after the appropriate diagnostic testing is negative for infection or appropriate therapy was initiated for probable infection)
  • Pleural effusion large enough to be detectable on chest x-ray (CXR)
  • Evidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or known HIV positive serology
  • Active concurrent malignancy (except skin cancer)
  • Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder
  • Positive HBsAg. If HBcAb is positive, Hepatitis B DNA by PCR will be evaluated. Positive anti HBcAb with an undetectable viral load does not exclude the patient.
  • Any investigational therapy in the past 30 days
  • Patients following allogeneic stem cell transplantation are eligible in the absence of graft versus host disease and are off immunosuppression for at least 30 days
  • Known allergy to any of the study agents
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01181258

Contacts
Contact: Judith Witte, RN 612-626-0169 mirab001@umn.edu

Locations
United States, Minnesota
Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota Recruiting
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55455
Contact: Veronika Bachanova, MD    612-625-5469    bach0173@umn.edu   
Contact: Judith Witte, RN    612-626-0169    mirab001@umn.edu   
Principal Investigator: Veronika Bachanova, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Veronika Bachanova, MD Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01181258     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2009LS083, MT2009-15, 1002M77545
Study First Received: August 12, 2010
Last Updated: May 15, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota:
related HLA-haploidentical donor

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Lymphoma
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Leukemia, B-Cell
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Cyclophosphamide
Fludarabine monophosphate
Rituximab
Fludarabine
Interleukin-2
Methylprednisolone Hemisuccinate
Prednisolone
Methylprednisolone
Methylprednisolone acetate
Prednisolone acetate
Prednisolone hemisuccinate
Prednisolone phosphate
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Antirheumatic Agents
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 20, 2014