Evaluation of the Pharmacodynamic Effect of the Combination of Sildenafil and Riociguat on Blood Pressure and Other Safety Parameters. (PATENT PLUS)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Bayer
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01179334
First received: August 10, 2010
Last updated: January 24, 2014
Last verified: January 2014
  Purpose

Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH) is a severe progressive disease with a high mortality. Although several drugs are available for the treatment of PAH none offer a cure, therefore there is still a high medical need for new treatments.

Soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) is one of the chemicals involved in the pathways controlling vascular tone, which is impaired in patients with PAH. This causes constriction and thickening of the blood vessels wall in the lungs and increase of blood pressure in the lungs. This can lead to the very debilitating symptoms of PAH such as tiredness, shortness of breath on exertion, collapse and often the inability of the patient to perform their daily life activities.

Inhalation of Nitric Oxide, which activates sGC is used to treat PAH, but its effect wears off as soon as inhalation stops. Direct stimulation of sGC using this new compound Riociguat may be a new approach for the treatment of PAH.

The phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5)-inhibitor Sildenafil is one of licensed treatments for PAH. The Patent Plus is a double-blind, placebo-controlled safety study, designed to investigate the effect of Riociguat on blood pressure in patients with PAH when given in combination with Sildenafil.


Condition Intervention Phase
Pulmonary Hypertension
Drug: Riociguat (Adempas, BAY63-2521)
Drug: Placebo
Drug: Sildenafil
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Interaction Study to Evaluate Changes in Blood Pressure Following 1, 1.5, 2, and 2.5 mg Riociguat Tid (Dose Titration) Compared to Placebo Treatment on the Background of Stable Sildenafil Pretreatment in Subjects With Symptomatic Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Bayer:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Maximum Change From Baseline in Supine Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) Within 4 Hours Post-dose at Visit 6 (Week 12) [ Time Frame: Pre-dose (baseline) and within 4 hours post-dose at visit 6 (week 12) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Systolic blood pressure (SBP) was measured as standard vital sign parameter. Range allowed in this study: <= 180 mmHg. In addition, SBP must be >=95 mmHg in the first 2 hours after intake of background treatment with sildenafil. The maximum change from baseline at each visit was defined as the within-subject maximum decrease from baseline (or zero if baseline was lower than all subsequent SBP measurements in that profile) within 4 hours post-dose. Baseline was the last SBP recorded at and within 30 minutes before intake of study drug.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Maximum Change From Baseline in Standing Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) Within 4 Hours Post-dose at Visit 6 (Week 12) [ Time Frame: Pre-dose (baseline) and within 4 hours post-dose at visit 6 (week 12) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Systolic blood pressure (SBP) was measured as standard vital sign parameter. Range allowed in this study: <= 180 mmHg. In addition, SBP must be >=95 mmHg in the first 2 hours after intake of background treatment with sildenafil. The maximum change from baseline at each visit was defined as the within-subject maximum decrease from baseline (or zero if baseline was lower than all subsequent SBP measurements in that profile) within 4 hours post-dose. Baseline was the last SBP recorded at and within 30 minutes before intake of study drug.

  • Maximum Change From Baseline in Supine Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP) Within 4 Hours Post-dose at Visit 6 (Week 12) [ Time Frame: Pre-dose (baseline) and within 4 hours post-dose at visit 6 (week 12) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Diastolic blood pressure (DBP) was measured as standard vital sign parameter. Range allowed in this study: <= 110 mmHg. The maximum change from baseline at each visit was defined as the within-subject maximum decrease from baseline (or zero if baseline was lower than all subsequent DBP measurements in that profile) within 4 hours post-dose. Baseline was the last DBP recorded at and within 30 minutes before intake of study drug.

  • Maximum Change From Baseline in Standing Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP) Within 4 Hours Post-dose at Visit 6 (Week 12) [ Time Frame: Pre-dose (baseline) and within 4 hours post-dose at visit 6 (week 12) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Diastolic blood pressure (DBP) was measured as standard vital sign parameter. Range allowed in this study: <= 110 mmHg. The maximum change from baseline at each visit was defined as the within-subject maximum decrease from baseline (or zero if baseline was lower than all subsequent DBP measurements in that profile) within 4 hours post-dose. Baseline was the last DBP recorded at and within 30 minutes before intake of study drug.

  • Maximum Change From Baseline in Supine Heart Rate (HR) Within 4 Hours Post-dose at Visit 6 (Week 12) [ Time Frame: Pre-dose (baseline) and within 4 hours post-dose at visit 6 (week 12) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Heart rate (HR) was measured as standard vital sign parameter. Range allowed in this study: <= 105 beats per minute (bpm) in the first 2 hours after intake of background treatment with sildenafil. The maximum change from baseline at each visit was defined as the within-subject maximum increase from baseline (or zero if baseline was higher than all subsequent HR measurements in that profile) within 4 hours post-dose. Baseline was the last HR recorded at and within 30 minutes before intake of study drug.

  • Maximum Change From Baseline in Standing Heart Rate (HR) Within 4 Hours Post-dose at Visit 6 (Week 12) [ Time Frame: Pre-dose (baseline) and within 4 hours post-dose at visit 6 (week 12) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Heart rate (HR) was measured as standard vital sign parameter. Range allowed in this study: <= 105 beats per minute (bpm) in the first 2 hours after intake of background treatment with sildenafil. The maximum change from baseline at each visit was defined as the within-subject maximum increase from baseline (or zero if baseline was higher than all subsequent HR measurements in that profile) within 4 hours post-dose. Baseline was the last HR recorded at and within 30 minutes before intake of study drug.

  • Area Under Effect Curve (AUEC) of Supine SBP Within 4 Hours Post-dose at Visit 6 (Week 12) [ Time Frame: Pre-dose (baseline) and within 4 hours post-dose at visit 6 (week 12) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The area under the effect curve (AUEC) at each visit of supine SBP describes an average within-subject change in SBP from baseline over a time-period of 4 hours post-dose (Note that the area only takes values below the individual baseline for the respective visit into account. The area that would result from an increase from baseline is not taken into account for the calculation of the area). Baseline was the last SBP recorded at and within 30 minutes before intake of study drug.

  • Area Under Effect Curve (AUEC) of Standing SBP Within 4 Hours Post-dose at Visit 6 (Week 12) [ Time Frame: Pre-dose (baseline) and within 4 hours post-dose at visit 6 (week 12) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The area under effect curve (AUEC) at each visit of standing SBP describes an average within-subject change in SBP from baseline over a time-period of 4 hours post-dose (Note that the area only takes values below the individual baseline for the respective visit into account. The area that would result from an increase from baseline is not taken into account for the calculation of the area). Baseline was the last SBP recorded at and within 30 minutes before intake of study drug.

  • Area Under Effect Curve (AUEC) of Supine DBP Within 4 Hours Post-dose at Visit 6 (Week 12) [ Time Frame: Pre-dose (baseline) and within 4 hours post-dose at visit 6 (week 12) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The area under effect curve (AUEC) at each visit of supine DBP describes an average within-subject change in DBP from baseline over a time-period of 4 hours post-dose (Note that the area only takes values below the individual baseline for the respective visit into account. The area that would result from an increase from baseline is not taken into account for the calculation of the area). Baseline was the last DBP recorded at and within 30 minutes before intake of study drug.

  • Area Under Effect Curve (AUEC) of Standing DBP Within 4 Hours Post-dose at Visit 6 (Week 12) [ Time Frame: Pre-dose (baseline) and within 4 hours post-dose at visit 6 (week 12) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The area under effect curve (AUEC) at each visit of standing DBP describes an average within-subject change in DBP from baseline over a time-period of 4 hours post-dose (Note that the area only takes values below the individual baseline for the respective visit into account. The area that would result from an increase from baseline is not taken into account for the calculation of the area). Baseline was the last DBP recorded at and within 30 minutes before intake of study drug.

  • Area Under Effect Curve (AUEC) of Supine HR Within 4 Hours Post-dose at Visit 6 (Week 12) [ Time Frame: Pre-dose (baseline) and within 4 hours post-dose at visit 6 (week 12) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The area under effect curve (AUEC) at each visit of supine HR describes an average within-subject change in HR from baseline over a time-period of 4 hours post-dose (Note that the area only takes values above the individual baseline for the respective visit into account. The area that would result from a decrease from baseline is not taken into account for the calculation of the area). Baseline was the last HR recorded at and within 30 minutes before intake of study drug.

  • Area Under Effect Curve (AUEC) of Standing HR Within 4 Hours Post-dose at Visit 6 (Week 12) [ Time Frame: Pre-dose (baseline) and within 4 hours post-dose at visit 6 (week 12) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The area under effect curve (AUEC) at each visit of standing HR describes an average within-subject increase in HR from baseline over a time-period of 4 hours post-dose (Note that the area only takes values above the individual baseline for the respective visit into account. The area that would result from a decrease from baseline is not taken into account for the calculation of the area). Baseline was the last HR recorded at and within 30 minutes before intake of study drug.


Enrollment: 18
Study Start Date: August 2010
Study Completion Date: May 2013
Primary Completion Date: June 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Riociguat (Adempas, BAY63-2521) up to 2.5 mg_IDT
Participants received Riociguat orally as a film-coated tablet up to 2.5mg three times daily (tid) (titration between 1.0 mg and 2.5 mg tid based on an individual dose titration (IDT) scheme) for 12 weeks. Participants continued to take daily stable sildenafil background treatment according to their prescriptions.
Drug: Riociguat (Adempas, BAY63-2521)
BAY63-2521: 1 mg tid - 2,5 mg tid oral for 12 weeks.
Drug: Sildenafil
Participants continued to take daily stable sildenafil background treatment according to their prescriptions.
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Participants received Placebo orally as a film-coated tablet three times daily (tid) for 12 weeks. Participants continued to take daily stable sildenafil background treatment according to their prescriptions.
Drug: Placebo
Placebo for 12 weeks
Drug: Sildenafil
Participants continued to take daily stable sildenafil background treatment according to their prescriptions.

Detailed Description:

Main objective: Evaluation of the pharmacodynamic effect of the combination of Sildenafil and Riociguat on blood pressure and other safety parameters in patients with symptomatic PAH Secondary objectives:To investigate the safety of the riociguat/sildenafil combination and changes in 6-minute walk test, World Health Organization (WHO) functional class, N terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide, and variables obtained during right-heart catheterization after 12 weeks of treatment; pharmacokinetics of riociguat and sildenafil.

The study consists of one part. In study Part 1 only subjects (18) on stable sildenafil treatment of 20 mg tid have been enrolled. Study Part 2 will not start.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 18 to 75 years of age at Visit 1
  • Male and female subjects with symptomatic PAH (Group I Dana Point Updated Clinical Classification 2008), a 6-min walking distance (6MWD) of more than 150 m, a pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) >300 dyn*s*cm-5, and a mean pulmonary artery pressure (PAPmean) ≥ 25 mmHg
  • For Study Part 1: subjects on stable pretreatment with sildenafil at a dose of 20 mg tid
  • Unspecific treatments which may also be used for the treatment of PAH such as oral anticoagulants, diuretics, digitalis, calcium channel blockers or oxygen supplementation are permitted. However, treatment with anticoagulants (if indicated) must have been started at least 30 days before Visit 1 and treatment with diuretics needs to be stable for at least 30 days before Visit 1
  • Subjects with supplemental long-term oxygen therapy may be included, if the amount of supplemental oxygen and the delivery method was stable on average for at least 90 days before Visit 1
  • SBP >/=95 mmHg and heart rate (HR) </=105 beats per minute (BPM) in the first 2 h after intake of sildenafil (measured at Visits 0 and 1)
  • Women without child-bearing potential
  • Subjects who are able to understand and follow instructions and who are able to participate in the study for the entire period
  • Subjects must have given their written informed consent to participate in the study after having received adequate previous information and prior to any study-specific procedures

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subject's participating in another clinical trial or who have done so within 30 days before Visit 1
  • Previous assignment to treatment during this study
  • Pregnant women
  • Subjects with a medical disorder, condition, or history of such that would impair the subject's ability to participate or complete this study in the opinion of the investigator
  • Subjects with substance abuse (eg alcohol or drug abuse) within the previous 180 days before Visit 1
  • Subjects with underlying medical disorders with an anticipated life expectancy below 2 years (eg active cancer disease with localized and/or metastasized tumor mass)
  • Subjects with a history of severe allergies or multiple drug allergies
  • Subjects with hypersensitivity to the investigational drug or any of the excipients
  • Subjects unable to perform a valid 6MWD test, eg subjects with a severe peripheral artery occlusive disease
  • Subjects with a relative difference (ie absolute difference/mean) of more than 15% between the eligibility- and the baseline 6MWD test
  • All types of pulmonary hypertension except subtypes of Updated Clinical Classification of pulmonary hypertension (PH) (Dana Point 2008) Group I specified in the inclusion criteria
  • Moderate to severe obstructive lung disease (forced expiratory volume <60% predicted). The predicted forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) is a calculated value
  • Severe restrictive lung disease (total lung capacity <70% predicted). The predicted total lung capacity (TLC) is a calculated value
  • Severe congenital abnormalities of the lungs, thorax, and diaphragm
  • Oxygen saturation (SaO2) <88% despite supplemental oxygen therapy
  • Arterial partial oxygen pressure (PaO2) <55 mmHg despite supplemental oxygen therapy
  • Arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2) >45 mmHg
  • Uncontrolled arterial hypertension (SBP >180 mmHg and /or diastolic blood pressure >110 mmHg
  • Atrial fibrillation within the last 90 days before Visit 1
  • Pulmonary venous hypertension with pulmonary capillary wedge pressure 15 mmHg
  • Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy
  • Severe proven or suspected coronary artery disease
  • Clinical evidence of symptomatic atherosclerotic disease
  • Congenital or acquired valvular or myocardial disease if clinically significant apart from tricuspid valvular insufficiency due to pulmonary hypertension
  • Clinical relevant hepatic dysfunction indicated by:

    • Bilirubin >2 times upper limit normal (ULN)
    • and/or ALT (alanine aminotransferase) or AST (aspartate aminotransferase) >3 times ULN
    • and/or signs of severe hepatic insufficiency (eg impaired albumin synthesis with an albumin <32 g/L, hepatic encephalopathy > grade 1
  • Renal insufficiency (glomerular filtration rate <30 mL/min, eg calculated based on the Cockcroft-Gault or Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) formulas
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01179334

Locations
United States, Colorado
Aurora, Colorado, United States, 80045
United States, Ohio
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43221
United States, Rhode Island
Providence, Rhode Island, United States, 02903
Austria
Innsbruck, Austria, 6020
Villach, Austria, 9500
Czech Republic
Praha 2, Czech Republic, 12808
Germany
Heidelberg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany, 69126
Regensburg, Bayern, Germany, 93042
Würzburg, Bayern, Germany, 97074
Gießen, Hessen, Germany, 35392
Hannover, Niedersachsen, Germany, 30625
Köln, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany, 50924
Mönchengladbach, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany, 41063
Dresden, Sachsen, Germany, 01307
Berlin, Germany, 13353
Hamburg, Germany, 20246
Italy
Bologna, Italy, 40138
Pavia, Italy, 27100
New Zealand
Auckland, New Zealand, 1051
Christchurch, New Zealand, 8011
Poland
Otwock, Poland, 05-400
Warszawa, Poland, 01-138
Spain
Barcelona, Spain, 08036
United Kingdom
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, United Kingdom, CB23 3RE
Clydebank, West Dunbartonshire, United Kingdom, G81 4DY
Sponsors and Collaborators
Bayer
Investigators
Study Director: Bayer Study Director Bayer
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Bayer
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01179334     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 15096, 2010-018863-40
Study First Received: August 10, 2010
Results First Received: November 6, 2013
Last Updated: January 24, 2014
Health Authority: Germany: Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices
Austria: Agency for Health and Food Safety
Poland: Office for Registration of Medicinal Products, Medical Devices and Biocidal Products
Czech Republic: State Institute for Drug Control
United States: Food and Drug Administration
Italy: Directore Generale Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria; Comitato Etico Scientifico
New Zealand: New Zealand Medicines and Medical Devices Safety Authority
Spain: Agencia Española de Medicamentos y Productos Sanitarios
United Kingdom: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Keywords provided by Bayer:
Pulmonary Hypertension
Riociguat
Blood Pressure

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hypertension
Hypertension, Pulmonary
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Sildenafil
Vasodilator Agents
Cardiovascular Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors
Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Urological Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 28, 2014