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Vaccination With Dendritic Cells Loaded With Brain Tumor Stem Cells for Progressive Malignant Brain Tumor

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01171469
First received: July 27, 2010
Last updated: June 11, 2013
Last verified: June 2013
  Purpose

This is a single center Phase I study to determine the safety and maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of autologous dendritic cells (DCs) loaded with allogeneic brain tumor stem cells administered as a vaccination in children and adults with recurrent brain tumors. Once the MTD has been determined, we will conduct a phase II study to determine efficacy.

Clinical trials that utilize DCs for immunotherapy have demonstrated significant survival benefit for patients who exhibit robust immune responses against tumor cells. Unfortunately, at the present time the majority of tumor patients are unable to mount an adequate immune response and thus succumb to their tumors. We postulate that the inability to generate an appropriate immune response in these patients is due to a lack of sufficient numbers of appropriate T cells due to an inadequate source of tumor antigens.


Condition Intervention Phase
Brain Tumor
Glioblastoma
Medulloblastoma
Ependymoma
Anaplastic Astrocytoma
Biological: Dendritic Cells
Drug: Imiquimod
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I Study of Vaccination With Dendritic Cells Loaded With Brain Tumor Stem Cells for Recurrent or Progressive Malignant Gliomas

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Maximum Tolerated Dose [ Time Frame: 4 Weeks Post Vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    To determine the safety and maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of dendritic cells (DCs) loaded with brain tumor stem cells (BTSCs) as a source of tumor antigen for immunotherapy in children and adults with recurrent GBM, ependymoma or medulloblastoma brain tumors. Toxicity is determined using the criteria established by the National Cancer Institute's Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events V 4.0 (CTCAE).


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Time to Tumor Progression [ Time Frame: Every 4 Weeks From Baseline to 1 Year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To determine time to tumor progression in this patient population - exhibit a prolonged time to tumor progression by the absence of tumor growth as determined by MRI.


Enrollment: 8
Study Start Date: September 2010
Study Completion Date: June 2012
Primary Completion Date: May 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Dose Level 3
15 Million dendritic cells (DCs) - administered via intradermal injections in 0.5 ml Phosphate Buffered Saline (PBS) in the shoulders near the back of the neck to facilitate trafficking of the DCs to the cervical lymph nodes.
Biological: Dendritic Cells
5, 10 or 15 Million dendritic cells (DCs) - administered via intradermal injections in 0.5 ml Phosphate Buffered Saline (PBS) in the shoulders near the back of the neck to facilitate trafficking of the DCs to the cervical lymph nodes.
Other Name: DCs
Drug: Imiquimod
Imiquimod (INN) is a prescription medication that acts as an immune response modifier. Imiquimod is marketed as 5% Aldara cream in 250 mg packets, providing a total dose of 12.5 mg per packet and sufficient to cover 20 square centimeters. The contents of ½ of a packet will be applied as a thin film to cover approximately 10 square centimeters of skin in the area of the planned vaccination.
Other Name: Aldara
Experimental: Dose Level 2
10 Million dendritic cells (DCs) - administered via intradermal injections in 0.5 ml Phosphate Buffered Saline (PBS) in the shoulders near the back of the neck to facilitate trafficking of the DCs to the cervical lymph nodes.
Biological: Dendritic Cells
5, 10 or 15 Million dendritic cells (DCs) - administered via intradermal injections in 0.5 ml Phosphate Buffered Saline (PBS) in the shoulders near the back of the neck to facilitate trafficking of the DCs to the cervical lymph nodes.
Other Name: DCs
Drug: Imiquimod
Imiquimod (INN) is a prescription medication that acts as an immune response modifier. Imiquimod is marketed as 5% Aldara cream in 250 mg packets, providing a total dose of 12.5 mg per packet and sufficient to cover 20 square centimeters. The contents of ½ of a packet will be applied as a thin film to cover approximately 10 square centimeters of skin in the area of the planned vaccination.
Other Name: Aldara
Experimental: Dose Level 1
5 Million dendritic cells (DCs) - administered via intradermal injections in 0.5 ml Phosphate Buffered Saline (PBS) in the shoulders near the back of the neck to facilitate trafficking of the DCs to the cervical lymph nodes.
Biological: Dendritic Cells
5, 10 or 15 Million dendritic cells (DCs) - administered via intradermal injections in 0.5 ml Phosphate Buffered Saline (PBS) in the shoulders near the back of the neck to facilitate trafficking of the DCs to the cervical lymph nodes.
Other Name: DCs
Drug: Imiquimod
Imiquimod (INN) is a prescription medication that acts as an immune response modifier. Imiquimod is marketed as 5% Aldara cream in 250 mg packets, providing a total dose of 12.5 mg per packet and sufficient to cover 20 square centimeters. The contents of ½ of a packet will be applied as a thin film to cover approximately 10 square centimeters of skin in the area of the planned vaccination.
Other Name: Aldara

Detailed Description:

Autologous DCs will be obtained from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from each patient by leukapheresis. An established BTSC line will be used as an allogeneic source of tumor antigen. Approximately 4 weeks will be required after the leukapheresis for vaccine production and the first vaccine administration.

Each patient will receive an injection of DCs at his/her assigned dose once every 2 weeks during the first 8 weeks, followed by injections every 4 weeks for an additional 10 vaccinations. Imiquimod will be applied to the vaccination site just prior to and 24 hours after each vaccine administration.

This study will use an accelerated dose escalation design (1 subject per level) until dose limiting toxicity (DLT) is encountered, after which a traditional phase I design (3 subjects per level) will be implemented. DLT is defined as grade 3 or greater treatment related toxicity. A total of 6 patients will be treated at the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) or, in the absence of DLT, at dose level 3.

  Eligibility

Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed brain tumors (glioblastoma multiforme, anaplastic astrocytoma, medullo
  • Age 0 through 17 years (pediatric subjects), and 18 years and above (adult subjects)
  • Lansky score of ≥ 60 (0-15 years) or Karnofsky (16 years or older) performance score of ≥ 60%
  • Adequate organ function within 14 days of study registration including the following:

    • Adequate bone marrow reserve: absolute neutrophil (segmented and bands) count (ANC) ≥ 1.0 x 10^9/L, platelets ≥100 x 10^9/L; hemoglobin ≥ 8 g/dL
    • Hepatic: bilirubin ≤1.3 mg/dL or 0-22 mmol/L, aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) < 3 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
    • Renal: Normal serum creatinine for age (below) or creatinine clearance >60 ml/min/1.73 m^2.
  • Sexually active women of child bearing potential must agree to use adequate contraception (diaphragm, birth control pills, injections, intrauterine device [IUD], surgical sterilization, subcutaneous implants, or abstinence, etc.) for the duration of the vaccination period. Sexually active men must agree to use barrier contraceptive for the duration of the vaccination period.
  • Willingness to travel to participate in study if from outside local region.
  • Voluntary written informed consent must be obtained from all patients (if of assent age) and their parents or legal guardians before performance of any study-related procedure not part of normal medical care, with the understanding that consent may be withdrawn by the subject at any time without prejudice to future medical care.

Exclusion criteria:

  • Pregnant or breast-feeding. Pregnancy testing will be performed on all menstruating females within 14 days of study enrollment.
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  • Currently receiving any other investigational agents.
  • History of immune system abnormalities such as hyperimmunity (e.g., autoimmune diseases) and hypoimmunity (e.g., myelodysplastic disorders, marrow failures, AIDS, ongoing pregnancy, transplant immuno-suppression).
  • Any conditions that could potentially alter immune function (e.g., AIDS, multiple sclerosis, diabetes, renal failure).
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01171469

Locations
United States, Minnesota
Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55455
Sponsors and Collaborators
Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Christopher Moertel, MD Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01171469     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2008LS053, 0809M48641
Study First Received: July 27, 2010
Last Updated: June 11, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota:
Brain tumor
Immunotherapy
Glioma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Astrocytoma
Brain Neoplasms
Ependymoma
Glioblastoma
Medulloblastoma
Neoplasms
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Glioma
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Neoplasms
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive
Imiquimod
Adjuvants, Immunologic
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunologic Factors
Interferon Inducers
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 24, 2014