Lidocaine Usage for Pupil Dilatation (Mydriasis)
The purpose of this study is to determine if the mydriatic effect of intracameral lidocaine 1% is as effective as topical cyclopentolate 1% and phenylephrine 10% for achieving effective mydriasis during phacoemulsification surgery.
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
|Official Title:||Efficiency and Safety of Lidocaine Usage for Pupil Dilatation (Mydriasis) During Cataract Surgery|
- Pupil size after mydriatics [ Time Frame: no longer then 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]We would like to evaluate whether Pupil size dilated with Intracameral Lidocaine 1% is as effective dilator compared with Topical Cyclopentolate 1% and Phenylephrine 10%
|Study Start Date:||December 2009|
|Study Completion Date:||October 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||October 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
The same group is used for the first and the second part of the experiment. Initially the patients will be given topical cyclopentolate 1% and Phenylephrine 10% and the pupil diameter will be recorded. In the second part of the experiment lidocaine 1% will be introduced intracamerally and the pupil size will be recorded again. The 2 measurements will be statistically compared/evaluated.
Drug: Lidocaine 1% (sterile)
during the phacoemulsification surgery patients will be given intracamerally lidocaine 1% (0.2 ml) and the pupil size will be recorded after 90 seconds
Other Name: Lidocaine 1% (sterile)
Former studied done on the effect of Intracameral lidocaine 1% compared to topical mydriatic agents for achieving effective mydriasis during phacoemulsification surgery have compared 2 different groups of patients, ie; One group received topical agents and the other received intracameral lidocaine. The resultant pupil size was recorded and evaluated in the 2 groups. Our purpose is to compare the effect of these agents on the same group of people.
Patients recruited will be invited first for evaluation at least 1 week before the surgery. During this evaluation 1 dose (drop) of topical cyclopentolate 1% and Phenylephrine 10% will be instilled to the evaluated eye 3 times at 10 minutes intervals. After 1 hour from the last instillation pupil diameter will be recorded. In the second part of this study during the phacoemulsification surgery patients will be given intracamerally lidocaine 1% (0.2 ml) and the pupil size will be recorded after 90 seconds. the resultant values will be evaluated/compared.