18F-Fluoromisonidazole and Fludeoxyglucose F 18 PET/CT Scans in Assessing Oxygen in Tumor Tissue of Patients With Soft Tissue Sarcoma Undergoing Chemotherapy With or Without Radiation Therapy
This phase II trial is studying 18F-fluoromisonidazole and fludeoxyglucose F 18 PET/CT scans to see how well they work in assessing oxygen in tumor tissue of patients with soft tissue sarcoma undergoing chemotherapy with or without radiation therapy. Using diagnostic procedures, such as 18F-fluoromisonidazole and fludeoxyglucose F 18 PET scan and CT scan, to find oxygen in tumor cells may help in planning cancer treatment. It may also help doctors predict how well a patient will respond to treatment.
Recurrent Adult Soft Tissue Sarcoma
Stage I Adult Soft Tissue Sarcoma
Stage II Adult Soft Tissue Sarcoma
Stage III Adult Soft Tissue Sarcoma
Stage IV Adult Soft Tissue Sarcoma
Radiation: fludeoxyglucose F 18
Procedure: positron emission tomography
Procedure: computed tomography
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
|Official Title:||A Phase 2 Study of Positron Emission Tomography Imaging With [18F]-Fluoromisonidazole (FMISO) and [18F]-Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) for Assessment of Tumor Hypoxia in Soft Tissue Sarcoma|
- Changes in FMISO parameters (HV and T:Bmax) [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]ANOVA and Kruskal-Wallis analysis will be performed across the different categories to look for significant associations.
- Overall survival [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Multivariate Cox regression will be used. The outcome is binary and generalized linear models and logistic regression will be employed.
- Disease free survival [ Time Frame: From start of treatment to the follow-up review where recurrent disease is first detected, assessed up to 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Multivariate Cox regression will be used.
- Response to XRT by RECIST criteria [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Will be approached using multivariate logistic regression.
|Study Start Date:||February 2010|
|Primary Completion Date:||October 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Diagnostic (18F FDG and 18F FMISO PET/CT)
Patients undergo 18F FDG and 18F FMISO PET/CT scans before starting neoadjuvant chemotherapy (without or without radiotherapy) and after completion of 4 courses of neoadjuvant therapy.
Radiation: fludeoxyglucose F 18
Undergo 18F FDG and 18F FMISO PET/CT scansOther: 18F-fluoromisonidazole
Undergo 18F FDG and 18F FMISO PET/CT scansProcedure: positron emission tomography
Undergo 18F FDG and 18F FMISO PET/CT scansProcedure: computed tomography
Undergo 18F FDG and 18F FMISO PET/CT scansOther: laboratory biomarker analysis
I. Evaluate the potential of 18F-fluoromisonidazole ([18F] FMISO) as a non-invasive indicator of tissue hypoxia to provide tumor-imaging data that correlates with tissue markers of hypoxia in patients with soft tissue sarcoma treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy with or without radiotherapy.
I. Test [18F] FMISO tumor uptake as an independent predictor of patient outcome and if it provides additional predictive power over fludeoxyglucose F 18 PET scan.
II. Test [18F] FMISO tumor uptake as a predictor of response in the subgroup of patients treated with radiotherapy and chemotherapy.
III. Test the reproducibility of [18F] FMISO uptake in tumors by imaging the same patients on sequential days in a test-retest protocol.
IV. Determine the relationship between hypoxia-related biomarkers (HIF1-a and VEGF), proliferation biomarkers (microvascular density, p53, and Ki-67), and regional [18F] FMISO uptake in tumor.
Patients undergo fludeoxyglucose F 18 [18F] FDG and 18F-fluoromisonidazole ([18F] FMISO) positron emission tomography (PET)/CT scans before starting neoadjuvant chemotherapy (without or without radiotherapy) and after completion of 4 courses of neoadjuvant therapy.
NOTE: Some patients may undergo repeat [18F] FMISO PET/CT scan within 48 hours after the first [18F] FMISO scan to evaluate the variability (test-retest) of this imaging measurement.
Blood samples are collected after completion of [18F] FMISO and [18F] FDG PET/CT scans for laboratory biomarker studies by IHC assays. Tumor samples from biopsy or surgery are also collected for biomarker studies.
After completion of study procedures, patients are followed up periodically for 2 years.
|United States, Washington|
|Seattle Cancer Care Alliance|
|Seattle, Washington, United States, 98109-1023|
|University of Washington Medical Center|
|Seattle, Washington, United States, 98195|
|Principal Investigator:||Janet Eary||University of Washington|