Evaluation of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) in Patients With and Without Diabetic Macular Edema
- Diabetic macular edema (DME) is a common condition in people with diabetes. DME occurs when blood vessels in the eye leak fluid, resulting in swelling inside the back of the eye and progressive vision loss. Research has shown that good blood sugar control can reduce the risk and severity of DME. However, not all diabetic patients with poor blood sugar control develop DME, and some patients develop DME despite excellent blood sugar control. This suggests that other factors, such as genes or inherited traits, may predispose or protect a diabetic patient from developing DME.
- To investigate genetic factors that may influence the development of diabetic macular edema.
- Individuals at least 18 years of age who have type 2 diabetes, with or without diabetic macular edema.
- The study will require one visit to the National Institutes of Health eye clinic.
- Participants will be screened with a medical history and basic eye examination. Individuals who have certain eye diseases other than DME may not be allowed to enroll in the study.
- Participants will provide a blood sample, and will receive fluorescein angiography (an injection of fluorescein dye, after which a camera will take pictures of the dye as it flows through the blood vessels in the eye).
- No treatment will be provided as part of this protocol.
Diabetic Macular Edema
|Study Design:||Time Perspective: Prospective|
|Official Title:||Evaluation of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) in Patients With and Without Diabetic Macular Edema|
- Genotype frequency of SNP in the study genes of DME participants and control participants.
- Secondary outcomes are ophthalmic measurements, including visual acuity, FA and OCT data, to investigate associations between detected genetic polymorphisms and response to conventional diabetic retinopathy treatment.
|Study Start Date:||July 2010|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||August 2013|
The objective of this study is to test the hypothesis that genetic polymorphisms of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), erythropoietin (EPO), endothelin-1 (EDN1) and receptor for advanced glycation end product (RAGE) genes are associated with the development of diabetic macular edema (DME).
Two hundred case participants with DME and 200 diabetic controls without DME will be enrolled.
This is a longitudinal, genetic association study evaluating whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in VEGF, EPO, EDN1 and RAGE genes affect the development and progression of DME. All participants will provide a blood sample, undergo an eye examination, optical coherence tomography (OCT) and fluorescein angiography (FA) and discuss their medical, family and social history. Case participants with DME and diabetic control participants without DME will be allowed to receive standard-of-care treatment at the NEI under this protocol.
The primary outcome variable is the genotype frequency of SNPs in the above specific genes of DME and control participants. Secondary outcomes are serum levels of VEGF, EPO, EDN1 and AGE, plasma biomarkers such as mRNA and ophthalmic measurements (visual acuity and imaging results such as FA and OCT results). The longitudinal outcome measure includes investigating associations between the studied genetic polymorphisms and the long-term response to standard-of-care therapy.
|United States, Maryland|
|National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|
|Principal Investigator:||Catherine Meyerle, M.D.||National Eye Institute (NEI)|