Detoxified J5 Core Glycolipid/ Group B Meningococcal Outer Membrane Protein Vaccine for Gram-negative Bacterial Sepsis Administered With and Without Synthetic CPG Oligodeoxynucleotide 7909 Adjuvant

This study has been terminated.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01164514
First received: July 15, 2010
Last updated: January 30, 2014
Last verified: August 2012
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to test the safety of an experimental vaccine against sepsis (infection of the blood) alone and with an experimental adjuvant (a substance that may improve vaccine effectiveness). This study will also find out how well antibodies are made after receiving vaccine alone or vaccine combined with adjuvant. Participants will include up to 34 healthy volunteers between the ages 18-50 years. Participants will be randomly assigned to 1 of 4 groups to receive vaccine alone, vaccine with adjuvant (2 different dosages) or placebo (inactive substance). Participants will receive 3 vaccinations at different times during the study (Day 0, Day 29 and Day 59). Study procedures will include blood samples, urine samples, electrocardiogram (measures heart activity) and a completion of a memory aid to document side effects. Participation will involve 16 clinic visits and 3 follow-up telephone calls over 12 months.


Condition Intervention Phase
Bacterial Sepsis
Biological: CPG 7909
Biological: J5-OMP Vaccine
Drug: Placebo
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Randomized, Partial-Blinded, Placebo-Controlled, Phase I Safety and Immunogenicity Study in Healthy Subjects of Detoxified J5 Core Glycolipid/ Group B Meningococcal Outer Membrane Protein Vaccine for Gram Negative Bacterial Sepsis Administered With and Without Synthetic CPG Oligodeoxynucleotide 7909 Adjuvant

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Clinical measures: severity and duration of systemic and local adverse events (AEs), and vaccine-related serious adverse events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: Solicited local and systemic adverse events (AEs) within 8 days post vaccination (Day 0-7); vaccine-related serious adverse events (SAEs) throughout the course of the study. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Immunogenicity measures: mean fold-increase in anti-J5 detoxified lipopolysaccharide (dLPS) IgG and IgM levels in serum and percent of subjects having >/= 4-fold IgG and IgM antibody titer response, time to seroconversion. [ Time Frame: Blood sampling Days 0, 14, 36, 66, 120, 180 and 365. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 20
Study Start Date: November 2011
Study Completion Date: February 2013
Primary Completion Date: February 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Group 1 - vaccine alone
8 subjects to receive vaccine (10 mcg) alone on Days 0, 29 and 59.
Biological: J5-OMP Vaccine
J5-OMP vaccine 10 mcg to be administered with and without CpG 7909 adjuvant 250 or 500 mcg, intramuscularly on Days 0, 29 and 59.
Experimental: Group 3 - vaccine + CPG 7909 (250 mcg)
8 subjects to receive vaccine (10 mcg) with 250 mcg of adjuvant on Days 0, 29 and 59.
Biological: CPG 7909
CPG 7909 is a synthetic oligodeoxynucleotide used as an adjuvant and administered at 2 different dosages: 250 mcg and 500 mcg.
Biological: J5-OMP Vaccine
J5-OMP vaccine 10 mcg to be administered with and without CpG 7909 adjuvant 250 or 500 mcg, intramuscularly on Days 0, 29 and 59.
Experimental: Group 2 - vaccine + CPG 7909 (500 mcg)
8 subjects to receive vaccine (10 mcg) with 500 mcg of adjuvant on Days 0, 29 and 59.
Biological: CPG 7909
CPG 7909 is a synthetic oligodeoxynucleotide used as an adjuvant and administered at 2 different dosages: 250 mcg and 500 mcg.
Biological: J5-OMP Vaccine
J5-OMP vaccine 10 mcg to be administered with and without CpG 7909 adjuvant 250 or 500 mcg, intramuscularly on Days 0, 29 and 59.
Placebo Comparator: Group 4 - Placebo
4 subjects to receive normal saline (placebo) on Days 0, 29 and 59.
Drug: Placebo
Normal saline.

Detailed Description:

Invasive Gram negative bacterial infection resulting in sepsis continues to command substantial morbidity and mortality despite effective antibiotics and modern intensive care. It has been estimated that there are 300,000 cases per year in the United States. The emergence of multiple antibiotic resistant strains of bacteria adds to the urgency of finding novel therapies for the treatment of gram negative sepsis. Sepsis is a systemic inflammatory condition characterized by fever, hypotension, tachypnea, and tachycardia which can lead to multiple organ/system failure and ultimately death. This study is a randomized, partial blinded, placebo-controlled phase I safety and immunogenicity study in healthy subjects of detoxified J5 core glycolipid/ group B meningococcal outer membrane protein vaccine for gram-negative bacterial sepsis administered with and without synthetic unmethylated cytosine-guanosine motif (CPG) oligodeoxynucleotide 7909 adjuvant. The primary objective of this study is to establish the safety and tolerability of the combination of vaccine and CPG 7909. The secondary objective of this study is to determine if the combination of vaccine with the CPG 7909 is more immunogenic than vaccine alone. One dosage level of vaccine based on lipopolysaccharide (LPS) content will be studied in a three-dose regimen administered intramuscularly (IM). Since prior experience indicates no significant differences in immunogenicity response between the 10 and 25 microgram (mcg) doses of vaccine, researchers will test the 10 mcg dose. Researchers will also use 2 different doses of the CPG 7909 adjuvant (500 mcg and 250 mcg). There will be a control group that receives normal saline (NS) alone (placebo). The purpose of this study is to assess whether or not this vaccine is safe and well tolerated when given with an adjuvant, CPG 7909. The other goal of this study is to ascertain whether or not the combination of vaccine and adjuvant induces a more robust antibody response to the vaccine than is observed with the vaccine alone. The study population will include approximately 28-34 healthy subjects ages 18-50 years, inclusive, recruited from existing pool of Center for Vaccine Development (CVD) subjects. Subjects will be randomized to one of four study groups: (Group 1) 10 mcg vaccine alone; (Group 2) 10 mcg vaccine plus 500 mcg CPG 7909; (Group 3) 10 mcg vaccine plus 250 mcg CPG 7909; and (Group 4) placebo (normal saline). After blood is obtained for pre-vaccination antibody levels, subjects will receive 3 vaccinations at Day 0, 29 and 59. Subjects will be followed for safety (both clinical signs and symptoms and laboratory tests) and antibody response (anti-core glycolipid antibody by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay [ELISA], and opsonophagocytic response). Assessments for reactogenicity will be done for 60 minutes post vaccination and on the first and second days after each vaccination at the CVD and via 8 day memory aid, to be completed by the subject, after each vaccination. An electrocardiogram (EKG) will be performed after each vaccination. Blood sampling will be performed on Days 0, 14, 36, 66, 120, 180, and 365 to measure the immunogenicity of the vaccine with and without adjuvant and for antibody screening. A safety evaluation will be done by telephone on Day 90, Day 150 and Day 239, and a final safety antibody and immunogenicity evaluation will be done during the clinic visit at Day 365.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female ages 18-50 years, inclusive.
  • The subject has provided written informed consent prior to any study procedures.
  • Able to attend scheduled visits and comply with trial procedures.
  • The subject is in good health as determined by vital signs [heart rate <100 beats per minutes (bpm); blood pressure: systolic greater than or equal to 90 mm Hg and less than or equal to 140 mm Hg; diastolic less than or equal to 90 mm Hg; oral temperature <100.0 degrees Fahrenheit], medical history to ensure stable medical condition and a physical examination based on medical history. A stable medical condition is defined as no recent change in prescription medication, dose, or frequency of medication in the last 3 months and health outcomes of the specific disease are considered to be within acceptable limits in the last 6 months. Any change that is due to change of health care provider, insurance company, etc, or is done for financial reasons, as long as in the same class of medication, will not be considered a violation of the inclusion criterion. Any change to prescription medication due to improvement of a disease outcome will not be considered a violation of the inclusion criterion.
  • Women of child-bearing potential or their partners must be surgically sterile or must agree to use an effective method of contraception and agree to remain on that same method through Day 120. Male subjects or their partners must be surgically sterile or must agree to use effective contraception through Day 120. (e.g. hormonal contraceptives initiated at least 30 days prior to receipt of vaccine, intrauterine devices (IUDs), diaphragm in combination with contraceptive jelly, condoms in combination with contraceptive jelly, cream, or foam; or vasectomized partner).
  • Have normal laboratory values for hemoglobin, white blood cells (WBC) and platelets, absolute neutrophil count (ANC), absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) obtained from the complete blood count (CBC), and serum glucose and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH). Serum alkaline phosphatase, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine transferase (ALT), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), C-reactive protein (CRP) and creatinine are not to exceed the upper limit of normal, and urinalysis must be normal on day of screening visit.
  • Must have a negative pregnancy test at screening (serum) and negative pregnancy test (urine) on days of vaccination, with known results prior to vaccination.
  • Subject agrees to avoid non-study related blood donation for 1 year following the last immunization.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of allergy or severe reaction to any vaccine or vaccine components or unmethylated cytosine-guanosine motif (CPG) components.
  • Acute illness or fever >/= 38 degrees Celsius/100.4 degrees Fahrenheit within a week prior to each vaccination.
  • Prior receipt of any Group B meningococcal outer membrane protein (OMP) vaccine.
  • Previous receipt of oligodeoxynucleotide adjuvant including CPG.7909.
  • Immunosuppression as a result of underlying illness or treatment.
  • Use of oral steroids, parenteral steroid or high-dose inhaled (>800 mcg/day of beclomethasone dipropionate or equivalent) within 30 days prior to each vaccination.
  • Acute or chronic condition that (in the opinion of the investigator) would render vaccination unsafe or would interfere with the evaluation of responses including, but not limited to the following: cardiovascular, known chronic liver disease, significant renal disease, chronic lung diseases, unstable neurologic disorder.
  • Receipt of immunoglobulin or other blood product within 3 months prior to enrollment.
  • Current excessive use of alcohol or drug dependence (>8 ounces of liquor or >96 ounces of beer/day) or a history of alcohol or drug abuse in the 5 years prior to enrollment.
  • History of meningococcal infection.
  • Diagnosed autoimmune condition in either subject or immediate family member.
  • Under the care of a physician for a diagnosed psychiatric condition.
  • Women who are pregnant or breast feeding.
  • Women with a current or recent (i.e. within two half-lives) history of diuretic or promethazine use.
  • The subject is immunosuppressed as a result of an underlying illness or treatment with immunosuppressive or cytotoxic drugs, or use of anticancer chemotherapy or radiation therapy within the preceding 36 months.
  • The subject has an active neoplastic disease (excluding non-melanoma skin cancer or prostate cancer that is stable in the absence of therapy) or a history of any hematologic malignancy. An active neoplastic disease is defined as treatment for neoplastic disease within the past 5 years.
  • The subject has received an inactivated vaccine within the 2 weeks or a live vaccine within the 4 weeks prior to enrollment in this study or plans to receive another vaccine in the next 28 days.
  • The subject is currently participating in a study that involves an experimental agent (vaccine, drug, biologic, device, blood product, or medication) or has received an experimental agent within 1 month prior to enrollment in this study, or expects to receive another experimental agent during participation in this study.
  • The subject has a current or life-time diagnosis of schizophrenia, bi-polar disease, or other severe (disabling) chronic psychiatric diagnosis.
  • The subject has been hospitalized within the past 2 years prior to enrollment for psychiatric illness, history of suicide attempt or confinement for danger to self or others.
  • The subject is receiving psychiatric drugs (aripiprazole, clozapine, ziprasidone, haloperidol, molindone, loxapine, thioridazine, thiothixene, pimozide, fluphenazine, risperidone, mesoridazine, quetiapine, trifluoperazine, trifluopromazine, chlorprothixene, chlorpromazine, perphenazine, olanzapine, carbamazepine, divalproex sodium, lithium carbonate or lithium citrate). Subjects who are receiving a single antidepressant drug, are not diagnosed with depression and are stable for at least 3 months prior to enrollment without decompensating are allowed enrollment into the study.
  • The subject has a known human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B, or hepatitis C infection.
  • The subject has an electrocardiogram (EKG) showing pathologic Q waves and significant ST-T wave changes; left ventricular hypertrophy; any nonsinus rhythm excluding isolated premature atrial contractions; right or left bundle branch block; or advanced (secondary or tertiary) A-V heart block.
  • The subject has a history of working in an infectious disease laboratory.
  • Any condition that would, in the opinion of the investigator, place the subject at an unacceptable risk of injury or render them unable to comply with the protocol.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01164514

Locations
United States, Maryland
University of Maryland Medical System - General Clinical Research Center (GCRC)
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21201-1544
Sponsors and Collaborators
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01164514     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 04-086, N01AI80057C
Study First Received: July 15, 2010
Last Updated: January 30, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration
United States: Federal Government
United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
bacterial sepsis, septicemia, vaccine

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Sepsis
Toxemia
Infection
Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome
Inflammation
Pathologic Processes
CPG-oligonucleotide
Adjuvants, Immunologic
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 24, 2014