Comparing Internet Blood Glucose Monitoring System and Continuous Glucose Monitoring System

This study has suspended participant recruitment.
(Study was expanded and included in another study.)
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Endocrine Research Society
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01162694
First received: June 4, 2010
Last updated: November 26, 2013
Last verified: June 2010
  Purpose

Management of type 2 diabetes is an ongoing challenge for patients and their doctors. In order to prevent short and long term complications, patients need to monitor and control their blood sugar levels. In addition, they may need to have an ongoing communication with their doctor in order to modify treatment. In this study the investigators wish to compare two systems of monitoring and communication of blood sugar levels. The first is the use of continuous glucose monitoring system and the second is the use of an Internet-based glucose monitoring system. The investigators want to compare their effect and/or benefits.


Condition Intervention
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Other: Remote Blood Glucose Monitoring
Other: Continuous Glucose Monitoring

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Protocol: Comparing the Effect of Using an Internet-Based Glucose Monitoring System Versus the Continuous Glucose Monitoring System on HbA1c Levels in Type 2 DM

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Endocrine Research Society:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The primary endpoint is the A1c level or the change in A1c level [ Time Frame: 6 Months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • The secondary endpoint include severe hypoglycemia defined as requiring external aid (hospital or other). [ Time Frame: 6 Months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • A secondary endpoint includes adverse events such as unplanned hospitalizations for any cause that last more than 24 hours [ Time Frame: 6 monthns ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Estimated Enrollment: 50
Study Start Date: July 2010
Primary Completion Date: February 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Internet Intervention
The subjects enrolled in the Internet Therapeutic Intervention arm receive standard care by testing their blood glucose at least 3 times daily and visit the endocrinologist every 3 months; however, they are also asked to upload their blood glucose readings online every 2 weeks for the health practitioner to view and comment upon.
Other: Remote Blood Glucose Monitoring
The subjects enrolled in the Internet Therapeutic Intervention arm receive standard care by testing their blood glucose at least 3 times daily and visit the endocrinologist every 3 months; however, they are also asked to upload their blood glucose readings online every 2 weeks for the health practitioner to view and comment upon.
Other Name: Internet Blood Glucose Monitoring System
Active Comparator: Continuous Glucose Monitoring
The use of CGMS (Sensor, receiver, transmitter) plus the uploading of results to the Internet-based software utility of CareLink Personal and generating reports that can be viewed and used at the patient's own preference. This group will not receive feedback or suggestion based on the uploaded glucose data.
Other: Continuous Glucose Monitoring
The use of CGMS (Sensor, receiver, transmitter) (Medtronic Diabetes) plus the uploading of results to the Internet-based software utility of CareLink Personal and generating reports that can be viewed and used at the patient's own preference. This group will not receive feedback or suggestion based on the uploaded glucose data.
Other Name: Sensors, CGMS

Detailed Description:

Purpose: To compare the benefits of the Internet-based glucose monitoring system with the Continuous Glucose monitoring system in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Hypothesis:The investigators propose that the benefits from the Internet-based glucose monitoring system (IBGMS) will be comparable to the benefits of the Continuous Glucose monitoring system (CGMS) for patients with type 2 DM.

Justification: Half of the subject will be on the standard treatment, which will involve glucose monitoring by testing blood glucose 3 times daily, performing a laboratory test of blood hemoglobin every three months, and visiting the doctor every three months for standard care. They will also use the internet system to report their glucose readings,which will allow the health care professions to view the results and provide feedback. The other half will use the continuous glucose monitoring system, which will involve a minimum of testing blood glucose at least 2 times a day to calibrate the sensor, performing laboratory test of blood hemoglobin every three months, and visiting the doctor every three months for standard care. All of the subjects will be under standard care;

Research Method: Type 2 diabetes patients who satisfy the inclusion criteria will be recruited from St. Paul's Diabetes Teaching and Training Centre. They will be randomized into 2 groups (IBGMS and CGMS). There is an equal chance, a 50/50 chance, of being placed in either group.

The IBGMS group will receive standard care and will be asked to perform self-blood glucose monitoring 3 times daily for 6 months. The IBGMS group will also be asked to report their blood glucose reading every 2 weeks through an Internet based glucose monitoring system. The IBGMS group will make visits to the endocrinologist every 3 months with A1c and serum creatinine measurements at 3-month intervals for 6 months.

The CGMS group will also receive standard care and will be asked to perform self-blood glucose monitoring at least 2 times a day for 6 months to calibrate the sensor.The CGMS group will also be using the internet system to generate a report of their blood glucose readings and can be used at the patient's own preference. Their readings will not be sent to the endocrinologist for feedback. The CGMS group will make visits to the endocrinologist every 3 months with A1c and serum creatinine measurements at 3-month intervals for 6 months. The laboratory measurements of both groups will be recorded and used for data analysis.

Statistical Analysis: The primary endpoint is the A1c level or the change in A1c level. The secondary endpoints include severe hypoglycemia defined as requiring external aid, hospital admissions for any CVD related intervention, and adverse events such as unplanned hospitalizations for any cause that last more than 24 hours. Patients who do not have the required number of SMBG (Self monitored blood glucose) tests performed or patients requiring new laser therapy will be asked to discontinue the study.

For each group, A1C levels before the start of study will be compared to A1C levels 3 and 6 months after the start of the study. Paired t-tests and random effects models (longitudinal analyses) will examine differences in A1C values before and after the study duration. Unpaired, independent t-tests will be done to examine the difference in A1C values between the two groups before and after the interventions. The planned sample size is 50.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   25 Years to 70 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Type 2 diabetes patients being treated with insulin for at least 3 months
  • HbA1c > 7%
  • > 25 years of age
  • Willingness to test blood glucose levels a minimum of 3 times daily
  • Willingness to be trained on using the Continuous Glucose Monitoring System
  • Willingness to be randomized
  • Trained in self-blood glucose monitoring
  • Internet Access on a Windows Personal Computer
  • No prior use or training on CGMS in the past 6 months
  • No prior use or training on IBGMS in the past 6 months

Exclusion Criteria:

Patients who do not meet the above criteria or are not willing to participate will not be included in the study. Additional exclusion criteria include:

  • Patient with medical conditions that may affect their study participation or results will be excluded.
  • Patients with the potential to become pregnant
  • Patients using medications known to influence control of diabetes (eg steroids systemic or inhaled)
  • Liver disease (AST or ALT levels > 2.5 times the reference level)
  • Renal insufficient with a serum creatinine level > 200 μmol/L
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01162694

Locations
Canada, British Columbia
St. Paul's Hospital
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Sponsors and Collaborators
Endocrine Research Society
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Hugh D Tildesley, MD Providence Health Care, University of British Columbia
  More Information

Publications:

Responsible Party: Dr. Hugh Tildesley, Providence Health Care
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01162694     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IBGMS vs CGMS
Study First Received: June 4, 2010
Last Updated: November 26, 2013
Health Authority: Canada: Canadian Institutes of Health Research

Keywords provided by Endocrine Research Society:
Remote Blood Glucose Monitoring System,
Continuous Glucose Monitoring System,
Type 2 Diabetes

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 20, 2014