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A Prospective Randomized Comparison Trial on the Use of Mifepristone With Sublingual or Buccal Misoprostol for Medical Abortions of Less Than 9 Weeks Gestation

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
The University of Hong Kong
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01156688
First received: June 30, 2010
Last updated: August 3, 2011
Last verified: August 2011
  Purpose

The primary objective of this study is to compare the incidence of side effects of buccal and sublingual misoprostol when combined with mifepristone for medical abortions of less than 9 weeks gestation. The secondary outcome is to compare the complete abortion rate and induction-abortion interval between the two methods of administration of misoprostol.


Condition Intervention Phase
Abortion, Legal
Drug: Misoprostol
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Prospective Randomized Comparison Trial on the Use of Mifepristone With Sublingual or Buccal Misoprostol for Medical Abortions of Less Than 9 Weeks Gestation

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by The University of Hong Kong:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • to compare the incidence of side effects of buccal and sublingual misoprostol when combined with mifepristone for medical abortions of less than 9 weeks gestation. [ Time Frame: within 43 days after mifepristone ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • to compare the complete abortion rate [ Time Frame: up to the time when patient's return of next mense, on average within 60 days after mifepristone ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • to compare the induction-abortion interval [ Time Frame: from insertion of misoprostol to day of abortion process, within 15 days after mifepristone ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 90
Study Start Date: August 2010
Study Completion Date: August 2011
Primary Completion Date: August 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Sublingual Misoprostol Drug: Misoprostol
sublingual 800mcg misoprostol 48 hours after oral 200mg mifepristone
Active Comparator: Buccal misoprostol Drug: Misoprostol
buccal misoprostol 800mcg 48 hours after oral 200mg mifepristone

Detailed Description:

After mifepristone was approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration in 2000, the combination of mifepristone 200 mg and vaginal use of misoprostol 800 mcg became almost a standard of care in early medical abortion up to 63 days of gestation. When combined with mifepristone for medical abortion in the first trimester, vaginal administration of misoprostol is more effective, faster, and has a lower rate of ongoing pregnancy, and fewer gastrointestinal side effects than oral misoprostol.

Although misoprostol is more effective when given vaginally, most women prefer the oral route because this can avoid the uncomfortable vaginal examination and provide more privacy during medical induction. Another concern about vaginal administration is the potential risk of infection. In late March 2006, analyses of serious uterine infections following medical abortions by a regimen of oral mifepristone followed by vaginal misoprostol led Planned Parenthood Federation of America health centres to change the route of misoprostol administration. Given these concerns, alternative administration via sublingual (holding pills under the tongue) and buccal (holding pills in the cheek) routes have been investigated, as the misoprostol is absorbed directly and avoids the gastrointestinal system similar to vaginal administration.

A pharmacokinetic study showed that sublingual administration of misoprostol resulted in the greatest bioavailability when compared with oral or vaginal administration. In a randomized, cross-over pharmacokinetic study of 10 women by Schaff and colleagues of sublingual versus buccal misoprostol 800 mcg, the mean misoprostol plasma concentration-time curves at 4 hours and the maximum concentration were significantly higher for sublingual administration than the buccal route. However, buccal misoprostol administration resulted in fewer symptoms and was found to be more acceptable by women.

Buccal misoprostol 800 mcg after mifepristone 200 mg for terminating pregnancy through 63 days of gestation has a higher success rate and less ongoing pregnancy when compared with oral misoprostol, especially in pregnancies of 57-63 days. Adverse effect profiles were similar, although fever and chills were reported approximately 10% more often among women who took buccal misoprostol. When used for abortion through 56 days of gestation, buccal administration of misoprostol after mifepristone appears to be a highly effective and acceptable alternative compared with vaginal administration, and with similar adverse effects profile.

Medical abortions of less than 9 weeks gestation using sublingual misoprostol 800 mcg after mifepristone 200 mg has achieved complete abortion rate of 98.2% but is associated with more gastrointestinal side effects, fever, and chills when compared with vaginal route.

Both buccal and sublingual administration of misoprostol following mifepristone have been shown to be effective in inducing first trimester medical abortions, but with different side effects profile. No clinical trials have been conducted comparing buccal and sublingual administration of misoprostol in first trimester medical abortion. The purpose of the present study is to compare the incidence of side effects of buccal and sublingual misoprostol when combined with mifepristone.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • good general health
  • older than the age of legal consent (i.e. >18 years old)
  • requesting medical abortion and eligible for abortion
  • on Day 1 of the study (day of mifepristone administration) the duration of pregnancy not more than 63 days as confirmed by pelvic ultrasound examination
  • intrauterine pregnancy (intrauterine amniotic sac seen in US)
  • willing to use other than hormonal or intra-uterine contraception until the first menses after termination of pregnancy
  • if treatment fails she agrees to termination of pregnancy with the surgical method
  • willing and able to participate after the study has been explained
  • haemoglobin higher than 10g/L

Exclusion Criteria:

  • a history or evidence of adrenal pathology, steroid-dependent cancer, porphyria, diastolic pressure over 95mm Hg, bronchial asthma, arterial hypotension.
  • a history or evidence of thrombo-embolism, severe or recurrent liver disease or pruritus of pregnancy
  • the regular use of prescription drugs before admission to the study
  • the presence of an IUCD in utero
  • breast-feeding
  • multiple pregnancies
  • heavy smokers
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01156688

Locations
Hong Kong
Family Planning Association
Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Sponsors and Collaborators
The University of Hong Kong
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Joyce Chai, MBChB The University of Hong Kong
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Joyce Chai, University of Hong Kong
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01156688     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: HKCTR-1069
Study First Received: June 30, 2010
Last Updated: August 3, 2011
Health Authority: Hong Kong: Institutional Review Board of the University of Hong Kong
Hong Kong: HKU Clinical Trial Register

Keywords provided by The University of Hong Kong:
medical abortion for pregnancy of less than 9 weeks gestation

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Mifepristone
Misoprostol
Abortifacient Agents
Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal
Abortifacient Agents, Steroidal
Anti-Ulcer Agents
Contraceptive Agents
Contraceptive Agents, Female
Contraceptives, Oral
Contraceptives, Oral, Synthetic
Contraceptives, Postcoital
Contraceptives, Postcoital, Synthetic
Gastrointestinal Agents
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Luteolytic Agents
Menstruation-Inducing Agents
Oxytocics
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Reproductive Control Agents
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 25, 2014