Safety and Efficacy of Vortioxetine (Lu AA21004) in Adults With Major Depressive Disorder

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Takeda
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01153009
First received: June 28, 2010
Last updated: October 25, 2013
Last verified: October 2013
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy, safety and tolerability of vortioxetine, once daily (QD), compared with placebo in adults with major depressive disorder.


Condition Intervention Phase
Depressive Disorder, Major
Drug: Vortioxetine
Drug: Duloxetine
Drug: Placebo
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 3, Randomized, Double-Blind, Parallel-Group, Placebo-Controlled, Duloxetine-Referenced, Fixed-Dose Study Comparing the Efficacy and Safety of 2 Doses (15 and 20 mg) of Lu AA21004 in Acute Treatment of Adults With Major Depressive Disorder

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Takeda:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change From Baseline in the Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) Total Score [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 8 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The MADRS is a depression rating scale consisting of 10 items, each rated 0 (normal) to 6 (most abnormal). The 10 items represent the core symptoms of depressive illness. The overall score ranges from 0 (symptoms absent) to 60 (severe depression). A decrease in the total score or on individual items indicates improvement. Least squares (LS) means are from a mixed model for repeated measurements (MMRM) analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) with treatment, center, week, treatment-by-week interaction, Baseline MADRS total score-by-week as fixed effects.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Participants With a MADRS Response at Week 8 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 8 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Response is defined as a participant with a ≥50% decrease in Montgomery Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) total score from Baseline. The MADRS is a depression rating scale consisting of 10 items, each rated 0 to 6. The 10 items represent the core symptoms of depressive illness. The overall score ranges from 0 (symptoms absent) to 60 (severe depression). Decrease in the total score or on individual items indicates improvement.

  • Mean Clinical Global Impression Scale - Improvement (CGI-I) Score at Week 8 [ Time Frame: Week 8 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The Clinical Global Impression-Global Improvement scale assesses the participant's improvement (or worsening) as assessed by the clinician relative to Baseline on a 7-point scale: 1, very much improved; 2, much improved; 3, minimally improved; 4, no change; 5, minimally worse; 6, much worse; or 7, very much worse. LS means were from a mixed model for repeated measurements (MMRM) ANCOVA with treatment, center, week, treatment-by-week interaction, Baseline Clinical Global Impression Scale-Severity of Illness (CGI-S) score-by-week as fixed effects.

  • Change From Baseline in MADRS Total Score at Week 8 in Participants With Baseline Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAM-A) Total Score ≥20 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 8 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    The MADRS is a depression rating scale consisting of 10 items, each rated 0 (normal) to 6 (most abnormal). The 10 items represent the core symptoms of depressive illness. The overall score ranges from 0 (symptoms absent) to 60 (severe depression). A decrease in the total score or on individual items indicates improvement. LS means are from a mixed model for repeated measurements (MMRM) ANCOVA with treatment, center, week, treatment-by-week interaction, Baseline MADRS total score-by-week as fixed effects.

    HAM-A is a 14 item rating scale to quantify anxiety severity rated on a 5-point scale from 0 (not present) to 4 (severe) with a total score range from 0 to 56, where lower scores indicate mild severity.


  • Percentage of Participants in MADRS Remission at Week 8 [ Time Frame: Week 8 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Remission is defined as a participant with a Montgomery Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) total score ≤10. The MADRS is a depression rating scale consisting of 10 items, each rated 0 to 6. The 10 items represent the core symptoms of depressive illness. The overall score ranges from 0 (symptoms absent) to 60 (severe depression). Decrease in the total score or on individual items indicates improvement.

  • Change From Baseline in Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) Total Score at Week 8 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 8 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The Sheehan Disability Scale assesses functional impairment in 3 domains: work/school, social life or leisure activities, and home life or family responsibilities. The participant rates the extent to which each aspect is impaired on a 10-point visual analog scale, from 0 (not at all) to 10 (extremely). The 3 scores are added together to calculate the total score, which ranges from 0 to 30, with higher scores indicating more impairment. LS means were from mixed model for repeated measurements (MMRM) ANCOVA with treatment, center, week, treatment-by-week interaction, Baseline SDS total score-by-week as fixed effects.


Enrollment: 614
Study Start Date: June 2010
Study Completion Date: March 2012
Primary Completion Date: March 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo-matching capsules, orally, once daily for up to 9 weeks.
Drug: Placebo
Placebo-matching capsules
Experimental: Vortioxetine 15 mg
Vortioxetine 10 mg, encapsulated tablets, orally, once daily for one week, then vortioxetine 15 mg, encapsulated tablets, orally, once daily for 7 weeks, then placebo-matching capsules, orally, once daily for one week.
Drug: Vortioxetine
Encapsulated vortioxetine immediate release tablets
Other Names:
  • Lu AA21004
  • Brintellix®
Experimental: Vortioxetine 20 mg
Vortioxetine 10 mg, encapsulated tablets, orally, once daily for one week, then vortioxetine 20 mg, encapsulated tablets, orally, once daily for 7 weeks, then placebo-matching capsules, orally, once daily for one week.
Drug: Vortioxetine
Encapsulated vortioxetine immediate release tablets
Other Names:
  • Lu AA21004
  • Brintellix®
Active Comparator: Duloxetine 60 mg
Duloxetine 30 mg capsules, orally, once daily for one week then duloxetine 60 mg, capsules, orally, once daily for 7 weeks, then duloxetine 30 mg capsules, once daily, for one week.
Drug: Duloxetine
Overencapsulated duloxetine delayed-release capsules
Other Name: Cymbalta®

Detailed Description:

The drug that was tested in this study is called Vortioxetine. Vortioxetine is being tested to treat depression in adults who have major depressive disorder (MDD). This study looked at MDD relief in people who took varying dosages of vortioxetine.

The study enrolled 614 patients. Participants were randomly assigned (by chance, like flipping a coin) to one of the four treatment groups—which remained undisclosed to the patient and study doctor during the study (unless there was an urgent medical need):

  • Vortioxetine 15 mg
  • Vortioxetine 20 mg
  • Duloxetine 60 mg
  • Placebo (dummy inactive capsule) - this was a capsule that looked like the study drug but had no active ingredient.

All participants were asked to take one capsule at the same time each day throughout the study.

This multi-center trial was conducted in the United States. The overall time to participate in this study was up to 13 weeks. Participants made 9 visits to the clinic, and were contacted by telephone 4 weeks after the last dose of study drug for a follow-up assessment.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Man or a woman who suffers from a major depressive episode (MDE) recurrent as the primary diagnosis according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) criteria (classification code 296.3x) as confirmed by the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM Disorders (SCID).
  2. The reported duration of the current MDE is at least 3 months.
  3. Has a Montgomery Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) total score of 26 or greater at Screening and Baseline Visits.
  4. Has a Clinical Global Impression - Severity of Illness (CGI-S) score of 4 or greater at Screening and Baseline Visits.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Has previously participated in a Lu AA21004 clinical study.
  2. Has 1 or more the following:

    1. Any current psychiatric disorder other than major depressive disorder (MDD) as defined in the DSM-IV-TR (as assessed by the SCID).
    2. Current or past history of: manic or hypomanic episode, schizophrenia or any other psychotic disorder, including major depression with psychotic features, mental retardation, organic mental disorders, or mental disorders due to a general medical condition as defined in the DSM-IV-TR.
    3. Diagnosis of any substance abuse or dependence (except nicotine and caffeine) as defined in the DSM-IV-TR that has not been in sustained full remission for at least 2 years prior to screening (subject must also have negative urine drug screen prior to Baseline).
    4. Presence or history of a clinically significant neurological disorder (including epilepsy).
    5. Neurodegenerative disorder (Alzheimer disease, Parkinson disease, multiple sclerosis, Huntington disease, etc).
    6. Any Axis II disorder that might compromise the study.
  3. The current depressive symptoms are considered by the investigator to have been resistant to 2 adequate antidepressant treatments of at least 6 weeks duration each. Has 1 or more laboratory values outside the normal range, based on the blood or urine samples taken at the Screening Visit, that are considered by the investigator to be clinically significant.
  4. Has a thyroid stimulating hormone value outside the normal range at the Screening Visit that is deemed clinically significant by the investigator.
  5. Has clinically significant abnormal vital signs as determined by the investigator.
  6. Has an abnormal electrocardiogram as determined by the central reader and confirmed as clinically significant by the investigator.
  7. Has an alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase or total bilirubin level greater than 1.5 times the upper limits of normal.
  8. Has a previous history of cancer that had been in remission for less than 5 years prior to the first dose of study medication. This criterion does not include those patients with basal cell or Stage I squamous cell carcinoma of the skin.
  9. Has a disease or takes medication that, in the opinion of the investigator, could interfere with the assessments of safety, tolerability, or efficacy.
  10. Has a known history of or currently has increased intraocular pressure or is at risk of acute narrow-angle glaucoma.
  11. Has a clinically significant unstable illness, for example, hepatic impairment or renal insufficiency, or a cardiovascular, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, endocrine, neurological, rheumatologic, immunologic, infectious, skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders, or metabolic disturbance. The following are also considered unstable due to the potential impact on assessment of MDD response: pain disorder, chronic fatigue syndrome, fibromyalgia, and obstructive sleep apnea.
  12. Has a significant risk of suicide according to the investigator's opinion or has a score greater than or equal to 5 on item 10 (suicidal thoughts) of the Montgomery Åsberg Depression Rating Scale or has made a suicide attempt in the previous 6 months.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01153009

  Show 56 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Takeda
Investigators
Study Director: Medical Director, Clinical Science Takeda
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Takeda
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01153009     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: LuAA21004_315, U1111-1114-8191
Study First Received: June 28, 2010
Results First Received: October 25, 2013
Last Updated: October 25, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Takeda:
Major Depressive Disorder
Depression
Melancholia
Drug Therapy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Depression
Depressive Disorder
Depressive Disorder, Major
Disease
Behavioral Symptoms
Mental Disorders
Mood Disorders
Pathologic Processes
Duloxetine
Vortioxetine
Adrenergic Agents
Adrenergic Uptake Inhibitors
Analgesics
Anti-Anxiety Agents
Antidepressive Agents
Central Nervous System Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Dopamine Agents
Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Neurotransmitter Agents
Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Psychotropic Drugs
Sensory System Agents
Serotonin 5-HT1 Receptor Agonists
Serotonin 5-HT1 Receptor Antagonists
Serotonin 5-HT3 Receptor Antagonists

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 23, 2014