The Role of GLP-1 in Satiety Perception in Humans
Scientists have discovered a number of hormones that control our feelings of hunger and fullness. One particular hormone, called GLP-1, has been associated with feelings of hunger and fullness. The overall purpose of this study is to look more closely at how GLP-1 changes these feelings and to observe how these hormones affect the brain's function. To do this, volunteers will be asked to come to the clinic for a screening visit, and 2 study visits. This is an outpatient study with a screening visit which will last about an hour and the two subsequent study visits for about 3 hours each. During the study, patients will receive a drug that blocks the effect of a hormone made in the gut. We will take a series of blood samples to measure hormones and use functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to take pictures of the brain. Understanding the action of these hormones in the brain may eventually lead to new ways to help people avoid obesity or lose weight.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
|Official Title:||The Role of GLP-1 in Satiety Perception in Humans|
- Study 1 - Amount of food eaten at a lunch buffet [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Study 2 - BOLD response as measured by fMRI during viewing of food photographs [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Study 1 - Patient-reported appetite and appeal ratings [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Study 2 - Amount of food eaten at a lunch buffet and self-reported appetite ratings [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||July 2010|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||July 2015|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||July 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: Exendin (9-39) Acetate
Exendin (9-39) is a synthetic peptide that acts as an antagonist to the GLP-1 receptor. Exendin (9-39) will be diluted in saline 0.9% and administered through IV infusion once for a maximum of 2.5 hours in length at 600-750 pM/kg/min.
Drug: Exendin-(9-39) Acetate
Exendin (9-39) will be diluted in saline 0.9% and administered through IV infusion once for a maximum of 2.5 hours in length.
Placebo Comparator: Saline
Saline 0.9% will be used as the control infusion.
Drug: Saline 0.9%
Saline will be administered through IV infusion once for a maximum of 2.5 hours in length
Other Name: Sodium chloride (NaCl)
Many times each day, we see food or representations of food and evaluate whether or not the food looks good to us. If it does, we then balance external factors, such as the social situation or time of day, against internal signals about our hunger state in order to decide what and when to eat. However, recent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies suggest that internal signals, such as hormones regulating appetite and satiety, govern our food intake in part by acting on neural circuits to affect whether a given food appears appetizing at that moment. In addition, photographs of food perceived to be "fattening" activate brain regions involved in appetite and reward processing, including the hypothalamus, nucleus accumbens, and orbital frontal cortex. This activity is potently reduced by food intake, suggesting that it reflects underlying brain mechanisms involved in satiety. We now propose to study the mechanism of these changes in brain activity by asking if they are directly related to the action of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), a satiety signal. GLP-1 is released by cells in the gut in response to nutrients, suppressing food intake, and its actions can be blocked by a GLP-1 receptor antagonist, exendin-[9-39]. In 2 randomized, controlled, crossover studies, we will assess whether exendin-[9-39] infusions reverse GLP-1-mediated effects on food intake and on brain response to visual food cues. Our scientific aims are to 1) observe the effect of exendin (9-39) on blocking GLP-1-mediated satiety in humans and assess its effect on food intake in humans for the first time (to our knowledge) and 2) to test whether endogenous GLP-1 signaling is required for the effect of a meal to reduce brain response to visual food cues in humans. We hypothesize that exendin-[9-39] will diminish the effect of a meal in suppressing subsequent food intake and in reducing activation to visual food cues in reward pathways. Determining the extent to which the experience of satiety arises from a decrease in the reward value of food is fundamentally important to understanding human feeding behavior. In addition, this promising line of research is directly relevant to some of the most pressing public health issues of our time: obesity and overnutrition. We hope that investigating mechanisms affecting our perception of satiety at the most basic level will eventually result in novel behavioral or pharmacologic strategies for obesity prevention and treatment.
|United States, Washington|
|University of Washington|
|Seattle, Washington, United States, 98195|
|Principal Investigator:||Ellen A Schur, M.D., M.S.||University of Washington|