Study to Assess Efficacy of New Malaria Vaccine Candidates AdCh63 AMA1, MVA AMA1, AdCh63 MSP1, MVA MSP1, AdCh63 ME-TRAP & MVA ME-TRAP

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
University of Oxford
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01142765
First received: June 7, 2010
Last updated: March 25, 2011
Last verified: March 2011
  Purpose

This study aims to test the safety and efficacy of six new malaria vaccines - AdCh63 AMA1, MVA AMA1, AdCh63 MSP1, MVA MSP1, AdCh63 ME-TRAP & MVA ME-TRAP. These vaccines consist of inactivated viruses which have been modified − so they cannot reproduce (replicate) in humans, and also to include genetic material (genes) for malaria proteins which are expressed by the malaria parasite during both liver and blood stage infection. The vaccines are designed to stimulate an immune response to these malaria proteins (immunogenicity describes the nature and magnitude of this immune response) and thus provide protection against malaria infection. The protective efficacy of vaccines will be evaluated by challenging a small number of volunteers who have received the vaccines with malaria infection from the bites of infected mosquitos(sporozoite challenge).


Condition Intervention Phase
Malaria
Biological: AdCh63 MSP1, MVA MSP1, challenge
Biological: AdCh63 AMA1, MVA AMA1, challenge
Biological: AdCh63 AMA1, AdCh63 MSP1, MVA AMA1, MVA MSP1, challenge
Biological: AdCh63 MSP1, AdCh63 ME-TRAP, MVA MSP1, MVA ME-TRAP, challenge
Biological: Sporozoite challenge
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase I/IIa Sporozoite Challenge Study to Assess the Protective Efficacy of New Malaria Vaccine Candidates AdCh63 AMA1, MVA AMA1, AdCh63 MSP1, MVA MSP1, AdCh63 ME-TRAP & MVA ME-TRAP

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Oxford:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Safety and efficacy of vaccine [ Time Frame: Up to 18 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

    To assess if volunteers who receive the novel vaccine candidates; AdCh63 MSP1, MVA MSP1, AdCh63 AMA1, MVA AMA1, AdCh63 ME-TRAP and MVA ME-TRAP in heterologous prime boost regimens are protected wholly or partially against malaria infection in a sporozoite challenge model. This will be determined by noting the number of subjects who develop malaria infection and the time in hours between exposure and parasitaemia as detected by thick-film blood smear compared with controls.

    To assess the safety of the immunisation regimens alone and during co-administration.



Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Immunogenicity of vaccine [ Time Frame: Up to 18 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To assess immunogenicity of the vaccine regimes by measuring IFN-γ ELISPOT, flow cytometry and antibody responses to MSP1, AMA1 and ME-TRAP antigens before and after malaria infection. If there is evidence of partial or complete protection, we will explore immunological correlates of protective immunity.


Estimated Enrollment: 52
Study Start Date: June 2010
Study Completion Date: March 2011
Primary Completion Date: March 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Group 1
1 dose of AdCh63 MSP1 and 1 dose MVA MSP1 followed by sporozoite challenge
Biological: AdCh63 MSP1, MVA MSP1, challenge
1 dose of AdCh63 MSP1 5 x 1010 vp intramuscularly and 1 dose MVA MSP1 2.5 x 108 pfu intramuscularly 8 weeks later (range 6-12 weeks) followed by sporozoite challenge 12-28 days later
Experimental: Group 2
1 dose of AdCh63 AMA1 and 1 dose MVA AMA1 followed by sporozoite challenge
Biological: AdCh63 AMA1, MVA AMA1, challenge
1 dose of AdCh63 AMA1 5 x 1010 vp intramuscularly and 1 dose MVA AMA1 2.5 x 108 pfu intramuscularly 8 weeks later (range 6-12 weeks) followed by sporozoite challenge 12-28 days later
Experimental: Group 3
1 dose of AdCh63 AMA1 and 1 dose AdCh63 MSP1 co-administered into separate arms followed by 1 dose of MVA AMA1 and 1 dose MVA MSP1 co-administered into separate arms (but the same arm as the corresponding AdCh63 vaccine) followed by sporozoite challenge
Biological: AdCh63 AMA1, AdCh63 MSP1, MVA AMA1, MVA MSP1, challenge
1 dose of AdCh63 AMA1 5 x 1010 vp intramuscularly and 1 dose AdCh63 MSP1 5 x 1010 vp intramuscularly co-administered into separate arms followed 8 weeks later (range 6-12 weeks) by 1 dose of MVA AMA1 2.5 x 108 pfu intramuscularly and 1 dose MVA MSP1 2.5 x 108 pfu intramuscularly co-administered into separate arms (but the same arm as the corresponding AdCh63 vaccine) followed by sporozoite challenge 12-28 days later.
Experimental: Group 4
1 dose of AdCh63 MSP1 and 1 dose AdCh63 ME-TRAP co-administered into separate arms followed by 1 dose of MVA MSP1 and 1 dose MVA ME-TRAP co-administered into separate arms (but the same arm as the corresponding AdCh63 vaccine) followed by sporozoite challenge
Biological: AdCh63 MSP1, AdCh63 ME-TRAP, MVA MSP1, MVA ME-TRAP, challenge
1 dose of AdCh63 MSP1 5 x 1010 vp intramuscularly and 1 dose AdCh63 ME-TRAP 5 x 1010 vp intramuscularly co-administered into separate arms followed 8 weeks later (range 6-12 weeks) by 1 dose of MVA MSP1 2.5 x 108 pfu intramuscularly and 1 dose MVA ME-TRAP 2 x 108 pfu intramuscularly co-administered into separate arms (but the same arm as the corresponding AdCh63 vaccine) followed by sporozoite challenge 12-28 days later.
Group 5
Non-vaccinated controls for sporozoite challenge
Biological: Sporozoite challenge
Non-vaccinated controls for sporozoite challenge

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Healthy adults aged 18 to 50 years
  • Able and willing (in the Investigator's opinion) to comply with all study requirements
  • Willing to allow the investigators to discuss the volunteer's medical history with their General Practitioner
  • For female volunteers, willingness to practice continuous effective contraception for the duration of the study.
  • Agreement to refrain from blood donation during the course of the study
  • Written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of clinical P. falciparum malaria
  • Travel to a malaria endemic region during the study period or within the preceding six months with a risk of malaria exposure.
  • Participation in another research study involving an investigational product in the 30 days preceding enrolment, or planned use during the study period.
  • Prior receipt of an investigational malaria vaccine or any other investigational vaccine likely to impact on interpretation of the trial data
  • Administration of immunoglobulins and/or any blood products within the three months preceding the planned administration of the vaccine candidate
  • Any confirmed or suspected immunosuppressive or immunodeficient state, including HIV infection; asplenia; recurrent, severe infections and chronic (more than 14 days) immunosuppressant medication within the past 6 months (inhaled and topical steroids are allowed)
  • Pregnancy, lactation or intention to become pregnant during the study
  • Contraindication to both anti-malarial drugs; Riamet & chloroquine

    • Concomitant use with other drugs known to cause QT-interval prolongation (e.g. macrolides, quinolones, amiodarone etc)
    • History of epilepsy
  • History of arrhythmia or prolonged QT interval.
  • Family history for sudden cardiac death.
  • An estimated, ten year risk of fatal cardiovascular disease of ≥5%, as estimated by the Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE) system 107
  • History of allergic disease or reactions likely to be exacerbated by any component of the vaccine e.g. egg products, Kathon.
  • History of clinically significant contact dermatitis
  • Any history of anaphylaxis post vaccination
  • History of cancer (except basal cell carcinoma of the skin and cervical carcinoma in situ)
  • History of serious psychiatric condition that may affect participation in the study
  • Any other serious chronic illness requiring hospital specialist supervision
  • Suspected or known current alcohol abuse as defined by an alcohol intake of greater than 42 units every week
  • Suspected or known injecting drug abuse in the 5 years preceding enrolment.
  • Seropositive for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)
  • Seropositive for hepatitis C virus (antibodies to HCV)
  • Any clinically significant abnormal finding on biochemistry or haematology blood tests or urinalysis
  • Any other significant disease, disorder or finding which may significantly increase the risk to the volunteer because of participation in the study, affect the ability of the volunteer to participate in the study or impair interpretation of the study data.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01142765

Locations
United Kingdom
Hospital for Tropical Diseases Mortimer Market
London, United Kingdom, WC1E 6JB
Centre for Clinical Vaccinology and Tropical Medicine, University of Oxford
Oxford, United Kingdom, OX3 7LJ
Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Facility, University of Southampton
Southampton, United Kingdom, SO16 6YD
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Oxford
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Adrian VS Hill, D.Phil, FRCP University of Oxford
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Heather House, University of Oxford
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01142765     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: VAC039
Study First Received: June 7, 2010
Last Updated: March 25, 2011
Health Authority: United Kingdom: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Keywords provided by University of Oxford:
Vaccine
Safety
Immunogenicity
Protection
Sporozoite challenge

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Malaria
Protozoan Infections
Parasitic Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 14, 2014