Personalizing Perioperative Analgesia in Children
In the United States alone, each year approximately 5 million children undergo painful surgery, many of them experience serious side-effects with opioids and inadequate pain relief. Safe and effective analgesia is an important unmet critical medical need in children and its continued existence is an important perioperative safety and economic problem. Inadequate pain relief and serious side effects from perioperative opioids occur frequently in up to 50% of children. Morphine, the most commonly used perioperative opioid, has a narrow therapeutic index and large inter-patient variations in analgesic response and serious side effects. Frequent inter-individual variations in responses to morphine have significant clinical and economic impact with inadequate pain relief at one end of the spectrum of responses and serious adverse effects such as respiratory depression at the other end. Much of the inter-individual variability in response to a dose of morphine following surgical procedures can be explained by single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in a subset of the genes that encode proteins involved in pain mechanisms and opioid pathway.
|Study Design:||Time Perspective: Prospective|
|Official Title:||Predicting Perioperative Opioid Adverse Effects and Personalizing Analgesia in Children|
DNA from blood is obtained and analyzed for genetic varaiations
|Study Start Date:||April 2008|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||April 2018|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||April 2018 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Measures and Procedures: Participants will receive standard care, standard anesthetic and an intraoperative dose of morphine per the clinical team.
Research procedures will include:
- Blood draws for genotyping candidate genes and exploratory genes
- Standardized PACU Protocol: Subjective pain assessments: Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) 0 to 10. Objective assessment with FLACC (facial expression; leg movement; activity; cry; and consolability) scale, 0-10.
- Significant postoperative pain will be managed in the PACU with rescue doses of morphine and opioids by the clinical team. Analgesic interventions and morphine requirements are collected
- Effects of opioids on pupil measures
- Respiratory response to 5% carbon dioxide preoperatively and postoperatively (first 350 patients only). Another measure of end tidal carbon dioxide will be implemented when the device is clinically available.
- Serial blood draws for morphine pharmacokinetic modeling (through subject #351).
- Opioid adverse effects in PACU and at home.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01140724
|Contact: Senthilkumar Sadhasivam, MD, MPHfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|United States, Ohio|
|Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center||Recruiting|
|Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45229|
|Contact: Senthilkumar Sadhasivam, MD, MPH 513-636-4408 email@example.com|
|Contact: Marietta Labbato, BS 5136365983 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator: Senthilkumar Sadhasivam, MD, MPH|
|Principal Investigator:||Senthilkumar Sadhasivam, MD, MPH||Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati|