Safety and Protectiveness of the Seasonal Influenza Vaccine for 2010-2011

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)
GlaxoSmithKline
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of British Columbia
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01140009
First received: June 7, 2010
Last updated: May 26, 2014
Last verified: May 2014
  Purpose

The seasonal influenza vaccination program for 2010-2011 will be the first to follow the H1N1 pandemic of 2009. Many Canadians either had the H1N1 infection or the adjuvanted H1N1 vaccine. Both H1N1 infection and adjuvanted vaccine produced strong immune responses which could last for some time.

The seasonal influenza vaccine for this fall will be a "normal" product once again, without adjuvant. It will contain 3 strains of killed, split-apart viruses that might circulate this winter, including the H1N1 pandemic strain. It is theoretically possible that giving the H1N1-containing seasonal vaccine to people who still have some immunity to H1N1 virus could result in more frequent side-effects. However, there is no good evidence that pre-existing immunity to a strain in the vaccine does increase side-effects. In short, there could be nothing out of the ordinary this fall but it would be prudent to check this before public flu vaccination programs begin.


Condition Intervention Phase
Seasonal Influenza
Biological: Fluviral 2010/11 Tri-valent Seasonal Influenza vaccine
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Randomized, Blinded, Placebo-controlled, Cross-over Study of the Safety and Immunogenicity of Trivalent, Inactivated Influenza Vaccine for 2010-2011

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of British Columbia:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To evaluate the safety of 2010-2011 seasonal trivalent vaccine (TIV) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    To evaluate the safety of 2010-2011 seasonal trivalent vaccine (TIV) in a convenience sample of adults being re-vaccinated with H1N12009 antigen, as soon as vaccine becomes available so as to inform subsequent use of the vaccine in public programs.

  • To measure immune responses to each component of TIV [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To measure immune responses to each component of TIV prior to and following seasonal vaccination to assess the immunogenicity of the new TIV vaccine.

  • To observe the persistence of anti-HAI responses to H1N12009 [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To observe the persistence of anti-HAI responses to H1N12009 in a subset of subjects previously studied after vaccination with adjuvanted pandemic vaccine in late 2009 and to compare their peak responses to H1N12009 after the pandemic and TIV vaccinations.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Vaccine-attributable rates of the observed adverse events [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The secondary safety outcomes will be the vaccine-attributable rates of the observed adverse events, both local and general,

  • Immunogenicity analysis performed on the according-to-protocol (ATP) cohort [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The secondary immunogenicity outcome will be the immunogenicity analysis performed on the according-to-protocol (ATP) cohort, comprising subjects with complete data for the principal immunogenicity endpoints and no major protocol deviations. The key immunogenicity outcome will be whether the HAI antibody responses to each vaccine strain meet the EMEA/CHMP criteria (3) for seasonal TIV vaccine responses in adults <60 years of age.


Enrollment: 324
Study Start Date: August 2010
Study Completion Date: September 2010
Primary Completion Date: September 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Placebo Comparator: Group 1
TIV vaccine 1st; saline placebo 10 days later
Biological: Fluviral 2010/11 Tri-valent Seasonal Influenza vaccine
Vaccination of .05mL of Fluviral vaccine will be injected once at either visit 1 or 2 depending upon randomization in the deltoid muscle of the non-dominant arm
Placebo Comparator: Group 2
Saline placebo 1st; TIV vaccine 10 days later
Biological: Fluviral 2010/11 Tri-valent Seasonal Influenza vaccine
Vaccination of .05mL of Fluviral vaccine will be injected once at either visit 1 or 2 depending upon randomization in the deltoid muscle of the non-dominant arm

Detailed Description:

This study will assess the safety of seasonal influenza vaccination in people who had the adjuvanted H1N1 vaccine last year. It will also measure residual immunity to the H1N1 virus and immune responses to the seasonal vaccine. It will be carried out before the new vaccine is released for general use so that we have an accurate picture of vaccine safety and responses for other Canadians.

A total of 320 adults (64 at each site) 20 to 59 years old, are being asked to participate in this study. A research nurse will conduct a telephone screening with potential participants to determine if they are eligible for the study. Volunteers must have had adjuvanted H1N1 vaccine before January 31, 2010.

The study involves 2 vaccination visits 10 days part. At one visit seasonal vaccine will be given and at the other a placebo vaccine will be given. Which vaccine is given first will be determined by random chance, the details of which will not be released until study end. After each vaccination, there will be contacts 1 and 7 days later for a description of any symptoms experienced. A blood sample will be requested at the first and last visits (visit 3) to measure immune responses to the seasonal vaccine.

The study will take 21-38 days to complete, depending upon the vaccination sequence and availability. Total time required to take part is about 2.5 hours. The 3 study visits will occur at a clinic in Vancouver, Calgary, Ottawa, Montreal or Quebec City.

Each subject will be asked to keep daily notes of any changes at the injection site (pain, redness, swelling) and any general symptoms (such as headache, tiredness, body aches), including your oral temperature, for 7 days after each vaccination. Major health changes will be assessed for 21 days post 'vaccination'

A special Safety Board will review the results of the first vaccinations and advise whether it is reasonable to continue the study or not.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years to 59 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Written informed consent
  • Can and will comply with the requirements of the protocol
  • Age 20-59 years at Visit 1
  • Receipt of one dose of Arepanrix (adjuvanted H1N12009 vaccine, GSK) in 2009 documented by written record or attested by a confident personal recollection (window for vaccination will be 1 October 2009 to January 31, 2010).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Systemic hypersensitivity to hens' eggs or to any other Fluviral S/F vaccine component such as thimerosal
  • History of a life-threatening reaction to any influenza vaccine
  • Receipt of non-study TIV for the 2010-2011 season
  • Receipt of any live vaccine within 4 weeks or inactivated vaccine within one week of study entry or planned administration of any non-study vaccines during the study period
  • Thrombocytopenia or any bleeding disorder that contraindicates IM injection or blood collection
  • Pregnancy, at any stage of gestation
  • Receipt of blood or any blood-derived products within 3 months prior to Visit 1
  • Chronic illness at a stage that could interfere with trial participation (stable health conditions are acceptable, such as diabetes, lung disease, heart conditions etc)
  • History of Guillain-Barre syndrome
  • Immune compromise as a result of illness or immunosuppressive medication
  • Participation in any other research study involving a non-approved drug or medical device
  • Any other condition that may interfere with ability to comply with trial procedures, including abuse of alcohol, drug addiction or imposed confinement
  • Current febrile illness or oral temperature of ≥ 38.0 °C
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01140009

Locations
Canada, Alberta
ACHIEVE Research, Alberta Children's Hospital
Calgary, Alberta, Canada
Canada, British Columbia
Vaccine Evaluation Center
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Canada, Ontario
The Ottawa Hospital Research Institute
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Canada, Quebec
McGill University Health Centre - Vaccine Study Centre
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Unité de Recherche en Santé Publique
Quebec City, Quebec, Canada
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of British Columbia
Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
Principal Investigator: David Scheifele, Dr. University of British Columbia
Study Director: Simon Dobson, Dr. University of British Columbia
Study Director: Laura Sauve, Dr. University of British Columbia
Study Director: Tobias Kollmann, Dr. University of British Columbia
Study Director: Keswadee Lapphra, Dr. University of British Columbia
Study Director: Brian Ward, Dr. McGill University Health Centre - Vaccine Study Centre
Study Director: Marc Dionne, Dr. Unité de Recherche en Santé Publique (CHUQ)
Study Director: Vladimir Gilca, Dr. Unité de Recherche en Santé Publique (CHUQ)
Study Director: Gaston DeSerres, Dr. Unité de Recherche en Santé Publique (CHUQ)
Study Director: Curtis Cooper, Dr. The Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, University of Ottawa
Study Director: Otto Vanderkooi, Dr. ACHIEVE Research, Alberta Children's Hospital, University of Calgary and Alberta Health Services
Study Director: James Kellner, Dr. ACHIEVE Research, Alberta Children's Hospital, University of Calgary and Alberta Health Services
Study Director: Judy MacDonald, Dr. ACHIEVE Research, Alberta Children's Hospital, University of Calgary and Alberta Health Services
  More Information

No publications provided by University of British Columbia

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: University of British Columbia
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01140009     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: H10-01356, PCIRN RT06-004
Study First Received: June 7, 2010
Last Updated: May 26, 2014
Health Authority: Canada: Health Canada

Keywords provided by University of British Columbia:
Vaccine
Seasonal Influenza vaccine
Influenza vaccine
Vaccine safety
Vaccine immunogenicity
Fluviral 2010/11

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Influenza, Human
Orthomyxoviridae Infections
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Respiratory Tract Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 23, 2014