Treatment of Resistant Nephrotic Syndrome With ACTH Gel (ACTHAR)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Questcor Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Gerald B. Appel, Columbia University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01129284
First received: May 21, 2010
Last updated: March 25, 2014
Last verified: March 2014
  Purpose

This study will examine the safety and effectiveness of ACTHAR Gel, when used to treat 15 patients diagnosed with "treatment resistant nephrotic syndrome."

Nephrotic syndrome is a group of symptoms that includes low levels of protein in the blood, swelling of tissue (edema), especially around the eyes, feet and hands; and high plasma levels of cholesterol. It is caused by a variety of diseases and underlying disorders that damage the kidneys, resulting in excessive excretion of protein in the urine. These diseases damage the glomeruli, which are small blood vessels that filter wastes and excess water from the blood and pass them into the bladder as urine. As a result of protein loss in the urine, the blood is deficient in protein. Normal amounts of blood protein are needed to help regulate fluid throughout the body. Protein in the blood normally draws water from the tissues and into the bloodstream. When blood protein levels are low, the normal movement of water is reversed, and fluid is drawn from the blood and accumulates in the tissues. This excess tissue fluid causes the swelling and puffiness (edema) that is a symptom of nephrotic syndrome.

Nephrotic syndrome is described as "treatment resistant" when a patient fails to achieve a sustained partial or complete remission after treatment with at least two first line therapies.

The goal of this study is to determine whether injections of ACTHAR Gel (an FDA approved treatment for nephrotic syndrome) over a six month period will lead to a correction of treatment resistant nephrotic syndrome in these patients.


Condition Intervention Phase
Treatment Resistant Nephrotic Syndrome
Drug: ACTHAR gel
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Treatment of Resistant Nephrotic Syndrome With ACTH Gel (ACTHAR)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Columbia University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Significant Reduction in Proteinuria to Remission Levels During the Treatment Period (Includes Complete and Partial Remission, as Defined in the Outcome Measure Description Below) [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Complete remission is defined as stable or improved renal function, serum creatinine < or = 125% baseline, with proteinuria falling <500 mg/day at month 6. Partial remission is defined as stable or improved renal function, serum creatinine < or = 125% baseline, with 50% reduction in proteinuria and final proteinuria 500-3500 mg/day at month 6.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Sustained Remissions up to 1 Year After Discontinuing Therapy [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year after treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Complete remission defined as stable or improved renal function, serum creatinine < or = 125% baseline, with proteinuria falling <500 mg/day at last follow-up visit (6 to 12 months post treatment). Partial remission defined as stable or improved renal function, serum creatinine < or = 125% baseline, with 50% reduction in proteinuria and final proteinuria 500-3500 mg/day at last follow-up visit (6 to 12 months post treatment).


Enrollment: 15
Study Start Date: December 2009
Study Completion Date: September 2011
Primary Completion Date: September 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Acthar gel
Patients will be treated with ACTHAR gel starting with 40 units given twice weekly subcutaneously for two weeks, then 80 units given twice weekly subcutaneously afterwards for a period of up to six months.
Drug: ACTHAR gel
Patients will be treated with ACTHAR gel starting with 40 units given twice weekly subcutaneously for two weeks, then 80 units given twice weekly subcutaneously afterwards for a period of up to six months.
Other Name: H.P. Acthar gel

Detailed Description:

The nephrotic syndrome is characterized by heavy proteinuria, edema, hyperlipidemia, and a thrombotic tendency. Membranous nephropathy, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, resistant minimal change disease, and Immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephropathy (also known as Berger's disease) are the common forms of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome in adults. Asymptomatic patients with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome may be treated with ACE inhibitors and /or angiotension receptor blockers to reduce proteinuria, with statins to treat hyperlipidemia, and diuretics to control edema.

Patients with large amounts of proteinuria are refractory to such treatments and often require immunosuppressive medications to promote a remission of the proteinuria and the nephrotic syndrome and to prevent progressive renal failure. All such immunosuppressives have multiple potential serious side effects. Some patients either relapse after remissions of their proteinuria or are resistant to immunosuppressive therapy.

A synthetic truncated analog of ACTH has been used in patients with the nephrotic syndrome in both uncontrolled trials and in a randomized controlled trial in membranous nephropathy. In uncontrolled studies it has led to sustained remissions of the nephrotic syndrome in multiple forms of idiopathic disease including membranous nephropathy and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). It has also led to reduction of total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, Lpa, and elevations of HDL cholesterol. In a controlled randomized trial in membranous nephropathy it proved equivalent to an alternating monthly regimen of corticosteroids and an alkylating agent that is widely regarded as a first line therapy for this disease.

This synthetic truncated analog of ACTH is not available in the US. ACTHAR gel is a natural, highly purified, porcine ACTH which is both available in the US and FDA approved for use in the nephrotic syndrome. Although ACTHAR gel has been used to treat large numbers of patients with multiple sclerosis and infantile paralysis annually, it has, however, been used in only small numbers of patients for the indication of the nephrotic syndrome.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Adult nephrotic patients, at least 18 years of age
  2. Diagnosis of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), resistant or relapsing minimal change disease with failure to achieve a sustained partial or complete remission of the nephrotic syndrome after therapy with at least two first line therapies: corticosteroids and at least one other immunosuppressive regimen
  3. Diagnosis of membranous nephropathy with failure to achieve a sustained partial or complete remission of the nephrotic syndrome after therapy with at least two first line therapies: either the "Ponticelli protocol" of alternating months of pulse steroids followed by oral steroids and then an alkylating agent with each regimen repeated for six full months of therapy or a calcineurin inhibitor, cyclosporine or tacrolimus, and at least one other therapy
  4. Diagnosis of immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) with persistent nephrotic range proteinuria in patients on ACE inhibition or angiotension receptor blockers (ARB) therapy to reduce proteinuria
  5. Willing and able to sign informed consent
  6. Patients of childbearing age must agree to use birth control

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients under 18 years of age
  2. Patients unable to sign informed consent
  3. Patients having received rituximab or another monoclonal antibody within 6 months of the trial
  4. Patients of childbearing age who refuse to use birth control
  5. Patients with an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) less than 30 ml/min/1.73m2
  6. Patients with other renal diseases (e.g. diabetic nephropathy, renal vascular disease) that would interfere with interpretation of the study.
  7. Patients with comorbid conditions that would interfere with completion of the trial (malignancies, congestive heart failure (CHF), recent myocardial infarction).
  8. Patients with known contraindications to the use of H.P. ACTHAR Gel, including: scleroderma, osteoporosis, systemic fungal infections, ocular herpes simplex, recent surgery, history of or the presence of a peptic ulcer, congestive heart failure, uncontrolled hypertension, and allergies to pork or pork products.
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01129284

Locations
United States, New York
Columbia University Medical Center
New York, New York, United States, 10032
Sponsors and Collaborators
Columbia University
Questcor Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Gerald B Appel, MD Columbia University
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: Gerald B. Appel, Professor of Clinical Medicine, Nephrology, Columbia University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01129284     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: AAAD9539
Study First Received: May 21, 2010
Results First Received: February 5, 2014
Last Updated: March 25, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Columbia University:
Treatment Resistance
Nephrotic Syndrome
Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis
lipoid nephrosis
Membranous nephropathy
IgA nephropathy
proteinuria

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Nephrotic Syndrome
Nephrosis
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 20, 2014