Bicalutamide and Goserelin or Leuprolide Acetate With or Without Cixutumumab in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Metastatic Prostate Cancer

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01120236
First received: May 7, 2010
Last updated: September 19, 2014
Last verified: September 2014
  Purpose

This randomized phase II trial is studying bicalutamide, goserelin, or leuprolide acetate to see how well they work when given with or without cixutumumab in treating patients with newly diagnosed metastatic prostate cancer. Androgens can cause the growth of prostate cancer cells. Antihormone therapy, such as bicalutamide, goserelin, or leuprolide acetate, may lessen the amount of androgens made by the body. Monoclonal antibodies, such as cixutumumab, can block tumor growth in different ways. Some block the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Others find tumor cells and help kill them or carry tumor-killing substances to them. It is not yet known whether bicalutamide, goserelin, or leuprolide acetate are more effective when given with or without cixutumumab in treating prostate cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Adenocarcinoma of the Prostate
Recurrent Prostate Cancer
Stage IV Prostate Cancer
Drug: bicalutamide
Drug: goserelin acetate
Drug: leuprolide acetate
Biological: cixutumumab
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Other: pharmacological study
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Phase II Study of Androgen Deprivation Combined With IMC-A12 Versus Androgen Deprivation Alone for Patients With New Hormone Sensitive Metastatic Prostate Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Undetectable PSA rate [ Time Frame: 7 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Incidence of toxicities assessed using National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 28 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    A stratified chi-square test will be used to compare toxicity between the two arms.

  • Proportion of patients who do not achieve a partial PSA response [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A stratified chi-square test will be used to compare partial PSA response rates between the two arms.

  • Accuracy of the prognostic model of undetectable PSA (developed from SWOG-9346) [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The logistic regression algorithm for predicting undetectable PSA that was developed for SWOG-9346 using its baseline risk factors (age at registration, performance status, baseline PSA, and bone pain) will be applied to each arm of this trial to evaluate the level of agreement between the observed and predicted undetectable PSA rates.


Other Outcome Measures:
  • Change in level of serum biomarkers [ Time Frame: Baseline to 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Change in level of CTCs [ Time Frame: Baseline to 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Will be correlated with undetectable PSA and normalized PSA response.

  • Change in microRNA measures [ Time Frame: Baseline to 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Pearson and Spearman correlations will be initially evaluated between microRNA measures and CTC counts. Analysis of covariance will be used to assess the relationship between microRNA and CTC, after adjusting for stratification factors.


Estimated Enrollment: 180
Study Start Date: December 2010
Estimated Primary Completion Date: June 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm I (androgen deprivation and cixutumumab)
Patients receive androgen deprivation therapy comprising bicalutamide PO QD on days 1-28 and either goserelin acetate SC or leuprolide acetate IM every 1, 3, 4, 6, or 12 months. Patients also receive cixutumumab IV over 1 hour on days 1 and 15. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 7 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: bicalutamide
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Casodex
  • CDX
Drug: goserelin acetate
Given SC
Other Names:
  • ICI-118630
  • ZDX
  • Zoladex
Drug: leuprolide acetate
Given IM
Other Names:
  • Enantone
  • LEUP
  • Lupron
  • Lupron Depot
Biological: cixutumumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • anti-IGF-1R recombinant monoclonal antibody IMC-A12
  • IMC-A12
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies
Other: pharmacological study
Correlative studies
Other Name: pharmacological studies
Active Comparator: Arm II (androgen deprivation therapy)
Patients receive androgen deprivation therapy comprising bicalutamide and either goserelin acetate or leuprolide acetate as in arm I.
Drug: bicalutamide
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Casodex
  • CDX
Drug: goserelin acetate
Given SC
Other Names:
  • ICI-118630
  • ZDX
  • Zoladex
Drug: leuprolide acetate
Given IM
Other Names:
  • Enantone
  • LEUP
  • Lupron
  • Lupron Depot
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies
Other: pharmacological study
Correlative studies
Other Name: pharmacological studies

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To compare the undetectable prostate-specific antigen (PSA) rate (PSA < 0.2 ng/mL) after seven cycles (28 weeks) of protocol treatment between those randomized to a luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonist and bicalutamide and those randomized to a LHRH agonist, bicalutamide and IMC-A12 (cixutumumab).

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess the safety and tolerability of the combination of IMC-A12 with a LHRH agonist and bicalutamide.

II. To compare the proportion of men who do not achieve a PSA of < 4 ng/mL between the two groups.

III. To assess the accuracy of the prognostic model of undetectable PSA that was developed from Southwest Oncology Group (SWOG)-9346 using current trial data from each arm.

IV. To assess serum samples and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNC) for pharmacodynamic activity with potential biomarkers for IMC-A12 (including, but not limited to: insulin-like growth factor [IGF]-I, free IGF-I, IGF-II, IGF binding protein [IGFBP]2, IGFBP3, growth hormone, insulin and C-peptide) obtained from optional blood specimens both before initiation of androgen deprivation therapy and twelve weeks after initiation of combined therapy.

V. To determine baseline pre-treatment circulating tumor cell (CTC) quantities and response to therapy (for those patients with detectable CTC levels >= 1) twelve weeks later.

VI. In the same subset of patients where CTC levels are obtained, determine baseline serum levels of micro-ribonucleic acids (RNAs) to include but not limited to microRNA (mi)-141 both before initiation of androgen deprivation therapy and twelve weeks after combined therapy.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

ARM I: Patients receive androgen deprivation therapy comprising bicalutamide orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-28 and either goserelin acetate subcutaneously (SC) or leuprolide acetate intramuscularly (IM) every 1, 3, 4, 6, or 12 months. Patients also receive cixutumumab intravenously (IV) over 1 hour on days 1 and 15. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 7 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM II: Patients receive androgen deprivation therapy comprising bicalutamide and either goserelin acetate or leuprolide acetate as in arm I.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 6 months for 2 years and then annually for 3 years.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All patients must have a histologically or cytologically proven diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the prostate; note: If there is no formal biopsy report documenting the diagnosis of prostate cancer, the patient can be allowed on trial if the PSA level is at least 20, and there are at least three definitive metastatic lesions seen on scan; all patients must have had metastatic (M1) disease as evidenced by soft tissue and/or bony metastases prior to androgen deprivation therapy initiation; patients must have at least one of the following at the time they started androgen deprivation therapy:

    • Visceral disease (liver, lung, or other viscera)
    • Bone metastases to sites in either the axial (spine, pelvis, ribs, or skull) and/or the appendicular (clavicle, humerus, or femur) skeleton
    • Lymph node disease not considered to be encompassed within a single radiotherapy port (e.g., above the aortic bifurcation, etc.)
  • Patients who have measurable disease must have radiographic assessment (at least an abdominal/pelvic computed tomography [CT]) within 28 days prior to registration; non-measurable disease must also be assessed (e.g., bone scan) in all patients within 56 days prior to registration; all disease must be assessed and documented on the Baseline Tumor Assessment Form
  • Patients must have a PSA >= 5 ng/mL obtained within 90 days prior to initiation of androgen deprivation therapy
  • Patients with known brain metastases are not eligible; brain imaging studies are not required for eligibility if the patient has no neurologic signs or symptoms, but if brain imaging studies are performed, they must be negative for disease
  • Patient must have had no more than 30 days of prior medical castration for metastatic prostate cancer (prior androgen deprivation therapy is allowed if it was received with curative intent in the neoadjuvant, concurrent, and/or adjuvant fashion and at least 2 years have elapsed since completion of androgen deprivation therapy); the start date of medical castration is considered the day the patient first received an injection of a LHRH agonist, not an oral antiandrogen; if the method of castration is luteinizing hormone releasing hormone (LHRH) agonists (i.e., leuprolide or goserelin), the patient must be willing to continue the use of LHRH agonists and add bicalutamide for combined androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) during protocol treatment; the 30 day window begins from the date of receiving the LHRH agonist, not the oral antiandrogen; if the patient was on a different antiandrogen (e.g. flutamide), the patient must be willing to switch over to bicalutamide; patients must not have received bilateral orchiectomy; patients must not have received or be planning to receive LHRH antagonists (i.e., Degarelix); however, if the patient was initiated on a LHRH antagonist within the 30 day window and is willing to switch to a LHRH agonist with bicalutamide, he may enroll on the late induction group
  • Patients who have not already started androgen deprivation therapy must be offered the opportunity to participate in the translational medicine studies; once a patient has started any form of antiandrogen (i.e., either bicalutamide or LHRH agonist), he is not eligible for any translational medicine studies
  • Patients must not have received any prior cytotoxic chemotherapy for metastatic prostate cancer; prior cytotoxic chemotherapy with curative intent in the neoadjuvant or adjuvant setting is allowed; patients must not have received any prior treatment with agents that directly inhibit IGF or IGFRs
  • Patients must not have received prior strontium-89, rhenium-186, rhenium-188, or samarium-153 radionuclide therapy within 28 days prior to registration
  • Patients may have received prior radiation therapy or biologic therapy (e.g. vaccines, immunotherapy, anti-sense, small molecules, monoclonal antibodies); however, at least 28 days must have elapsed since completion of therapy and patient must have recovered from all side effects
  • Patients may have received prior surgery; for all major surgeries, at least 28 days must have elapsed since completion and patient must have recovered from all side effects
  • Leukocytes >= 3,000 mcL
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500 mcL
  • Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL
  • Platelets >= 100,000/mcL
  • Bilirubin =< 1.5 times the institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) (unless documented Gilbert's disease)
  • Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) (aspartate aminotransferase [AST]) and serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 3 times the institutional ULN, or =< 5 times the institutional ULN if liver metastases are present
  • Creatinine =< 2.0 x the institutional ULN or calculated creatinine clearance >= 40 mL/min
  • International normalized ratio (INR) =< 1.5
  • Partial thromboplastin time (PTT) no more than 5 seconds above the institutional ULN
  • Patients receiving prophylactic low dose coumadin or low molecular weight heparin are eligible as long as they meet these coagulation criteria; patients requiring full-dose (therapeutic) anticoagulation are eligible provided that they have been on a stable dose of anticoagulation and the coagulation parameters are stable within the therapeutic range (e.g., INR 2-3 for patients on therapeutic warfarin)
  • Patients must have a hemoglobin A1c (HgA1c) =< 7% AND fasting glucose of < 160 mg/dL or below the institutional ULN within 14 days prior to registration; patients with diabetes mellitus who meet this criterion must be on a stable dietary or therapeutic regimen for this condition
  • Patients must not have a history of symptomatic congestive heart failure or a known ejection fraction (left ventricular ejection fraction [LVEF]) that is >= 10% below the lower limit of normal (LLN); if left ventricular (LV) dysfunction is suspected, but not confirmed by review of past medical history, a multi gated acquisition scan (MUGA) or echocardiogram must be obtained within 90 days prior to registration
  • Patient must not have a history of allergic reaction attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to IMC-A12; patients must not have received prior chimerized or murine monoclonal antibody therapy
  • Patients must have a Zubrod performance status of 0 - 2; Zubrod performance status 3 will be allowed if from bone pain only
  • Patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positivity requiring antiretroviral therapy are not eligible for this study
  • Patients must have no plans to receive concurrent chemotherapy, hormonal therapy (other than the LHRH agonist and oral anti-androgen), radiotherapy, immunotherapy or any other type of therapy for treatment of cancer while on this protocol treatment; concurrent bone targeting agents that do not have effect on PSA (i.e. denosumab or zoledronic acid) are allowed
  • Patients must have no plans to receive concurrent five-alpha reductase inhibitors (e.g. finasteride and dutasteride), ketoconazole, diethylstilbestrol/DES, or other estrogen-based therapy while on this protocol treatment
  • No other prior malignancy is allowed except for the following: adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, adequately treated stage I or II cancer from which the patient is currently in complete remission, or any other cancer from which the patient has been disease-free for 5 years
  • Men of reproductive potential must have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method while receiving treatment on this study and for at least three months after protocol treatment ends
  • All patients must be informed of the investigational nature of this study and must sign and give written informed consent in accordance with institutional and federal guidelines
  • As part of the OPEN registration process, the treating institution's identity is provided in order to ensure that the current (within 365 days) date of institutional review board approval for this study has been entered in the system
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01120236

  Show 172 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Evan Yu Southwest Oncology Group
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01120236     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2011-02003, NCI-2011-02003, SWOG-S0925, CDR0000663832, S0925, S0925, U10CA032102
Study First Received: May 7, 2010
Last Updated: September 19, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Prostatic Neoplasms
Adenocarcinoma
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Genital Diseases, Male
Prostatic Diseases
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Androgens
Leuprolide
Goserelin
Bicalutamide
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Fertility Agents, Female
Fertility Agents
Reproductive Control Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Androgen Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 02, 2014