A Safety and Tolerability Study of Doripenem Compared With Meropenem in Children Hospitalized With Complicated Intra-abdominal Infections

This study has been terminated.
(Trial terminated early per business decision)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Janssen Research & Development, LLC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01110382
First received: April 15, 2010
Last updated: July 2, 2014
Last verified: July 2014
  Purpose

The purpose of the study is to evaluate the safety and tolerability of doripenem compared with meropenem in children hospitalized with complicated intra-abdominal infections.


Condition Intervention Phase
Abscess, Intra-Abdominal
Abdominal Abscess
Abdomen, Acute
Abdominal Pain
Appendicitis
Rupture
Infection
Intestinal Perforation
Peritonitis
Ileus
Drug: Doripenem
Drug: Meropenem placebo
Drug: Meropenem
Drug: Doripenem placebo
Drug: Amoxicillin/clavulanate potassium
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Prospective, Randomized, Double-Blind, Multicenter Study to Establish the Safety and Tolerability of Doripenem Compared With Meropenem in Hospitalized Children With Complicated Intra-Abdominal Infections

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Janssen Research & Development, LLC:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The Number of Participants With Clinical Cure Rate at Test Of Cure (TOC) Visit [ Time Frame: TOC (7 to 14 days after the last dose of study medication therapy) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The participants were considered as clinical cure if they had clinical improvement in signs and symptoms of the intra-abdominal infection such that no additional antibacterial therapy or surgical or percutaneous intervention is/was required for the treatment of the index infection, no fever, and a favorable response at End of IV visit.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • The Number of Participants With Clinical Improvement Rate at End of IV (EIV) Visit [ Time Frame: EIV (within 24 hours after completion of the last dose of IV study medication therapy) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The participants were considered as clinical improved if they had clinical improvement in signs and symptoms of the intra-abdominal infection, no fever, decrease in WBC, and not received any nonstudy antibiotics for the treatment of intra-abdominal infection after IV study drug therapy had begun.

  • The Number of Participants With Clinical Cure Rate at Late Follow-Up (LFU) Visit [ Time Frame: LFU (28 to 42 days after the last dose of study medication therapy) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The participants were considered as clinical cure if they had clinical improvement in signs and symptoms of the intra-abdominal infection such that no additional antibacterial therapy or surgical or percutaneous intervention is/was required for the treatment of the index infection, no fever, and a favorable response at End of IV visit.

  • The Number of Participants With Favorable Per-participant Microbiological Response [ Time Frame: EIV (within 24 hours after completion of the last dose of IV study medication therapy), TOC (7 to 14 days after the last dose of study medication therapy), and LFU (28 to 42 days after the last dose of study medication therapy) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Favorable per-participant microbiological response rate was evaluated at the at End of IV (EIV) visit, Test Of Cure (TOC) visit, and Late Follow-Up (LFU) visit. The favorable per-participant microbiological response was considered when all baseline pathogens were eradicated (absence) or presumed eradicated (absence of material to culture in a participant who has a positive clinical response to treatment).

  • Number of Participants With Favorable Per-pathogen Microbiological Outcome Rate at End of IV (EIV) Visit [ Time Frame: EIV (within 24 hours after completion of the last dose of IV study medication therapy) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A total of 24 pathogens in the doripenem group and 6 pathogens in the meropenem group were isolated at baseline from the intra-abdominal culture and were susceptible to the study drug received. The most common pathogens isolated from the intra-abdominal culture are listed in the table below; the numbers in parenthesis next to each pathogen represent the number of participants with the pathogen isolated at baseline in the doripenem and meropenem treatment groups, respectively. The favorable per-pathogen microbiological outcome was considered when all baseline pathogens were eradicated (absence) or presumed eradicated (absence of material to culture in a participant who has a positive clinical response to treatment).

  • Number of Participants With Favorable Per-pathogen Microbiological Outcome Rate at Test Of Cure (TOC) Visit [ Time Frame: TOC (7 to 14 days after the last dose of study medication therapy) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A total of 24 pathogens in the doripenem group and 6 pathogens in the meropenem group were isolated at baseline from the intra-abdominal culture and were susceptible to the study drug received. The most common pathogens isolated from the intra-abdominal culture are listed in the table below; the numbers in parenthesis next to each pathogen represent the number of participants with the pathogen isolated at baseline in the doripenem and meropenem treatment groups, respectively. The favorable per-pathogen microbiological outcome was considered when all baseline pathogens were eradicated (absence) or presumed eradicated (absence of material to culture in a participant who has a positive clinical response to treatment).

  • Number of Participants With Favorable Per-pathogen Microbiological Outcome Rate at Late Follow-Up (LFU) Visit [ Time Frame: LFU (28 to 42 days after the last dose of study medication therapy) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A total of 24 pathogens in the doripenem group and 6 pathogens in the meropenem group were isolated at baseline from the intra-abdominal culture and were susceptible to the study drug received. The most common pathogens isolated at baseline from the intra-abdominal culture are listed in the table below; the numbers in parenthesis next to each pathogen represent the number of participants with the pathogen isolated in the doripenem and meropenem treatment groups, respectively. The favorable per-pathogen microbiological outcome was considered when all baseline pathogens were eradicated (absence) or presumed eradicated (absence of material to culture in a participant who has a positive clinical response to treatment).


Enrollment: 41
Study Start Date: December 2010
Study Completion Date: September 2013
Primary Completion Date: September 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Doripenem
Doripenem 20 mg/kg per dose (up to 500 mg/dose)will be administered every 8 hours as 60-minutes IV (at least 3 days of IV doripenem only or IV doripenem followed by oral amoxicillin/clavulanate potassium). Total duration of treatment 5 to 14 days.
Drug: Doripenem
Type=once every 8 hours infused over 60 minutes, Unit=mg, Number=20mg/kg up to 500mg/dose, Form=solution for infusion, Route-intravenous use. At least 3 days of iv doripenem administered every 8 hours immediately after meropenem placebo for up to 14 days
Drug: Meropenem placebo
Form=solution for infusion, Route=intravenous use, administered once every 8 hours infused over 30 minutes immediately before each iv infusion of doripenem for up to 14 days.
Drug: Amoxicillin/clavulanate potassium
Form=suspension or tablets, Route=oral (by mouth), may be administered at the discretion of the investigator once every 12 hours for up to 14 days following IV therapy with doripenem or meropenem.
Experimental: Meropenem
Meropenem 20 mg/kg per dose (up to 1 g/dose) will be administered every 8 hours as 30-minutes IV (at least 3 days of IV meropenem only or IV meropenem followed by oral amoxicillin/clavulanate potassium). Total duration of treatment 5 to 14 days.
Drug: Meropenem
Type=once every 8 hours infused over 30 minutes, Unit=mg, Number=20 mg/kg to 1 gram per dose, Form=solution for infusion, Route=intravenous use. At least 3 days of iv meropenem administered every 8 hours immediately before doripenem placebo for up to 14 days
Drug: Doripenem placebo
Form=solution for infusion, Route=intravenous use, administered once every 8 hours infused over 60 minutes immediately after each iv infusion of meropenem for up to 14 days
Drug: Amoxicillin/clavulanate potassium
Form=suspension or tablets, Route=oral (by mouth), may be administered at the discretion of the investigator once every 12 hours for up to 14 days following IV therapy with doripenem or meropenem.

Detailed Description:

This is a randomized (study drug assigned by chance), double-blind (neither physician nor patient knows the name of the assigned study drugs), double-dummy (all patients are given both a placebo [salt solution] and study drug in alternating periods of time during the study), active comparator-controlled (compare the "test" treatment to standard-of-care therapy), multinational, multicenter study to evaluate the safety of the study drugs (doripenem and meropenem) administered by intravenous (iv) infusion (slow injection of drug solution into the vein over a period of time) in children aged 3 months to less than 18 years who are hospitalized with complicated intra abdominal infections (cIAI). Complicated intra abdominal infections include but are not limited to appendicitis with rupture and/or abscess (local collection of pus), acute (severe or intense) gastric, duodenal (beginning section of the small intestine), or gall bladder perforation (a hole in the wall of the stomach, small intestine, or gallbladder), and secondary peritonitis. The study will include 3 periods: a pretreatment (screening) period that will occur within 2 days prior to randomization (assignment of study drug), a treatment period of 5 to 14 days where patients will receive iv study drug treatment only or IV study therapy and a switch to oral antibiotic therapy, and a posttreatment period consisting of 2 study visits. The max duration of study drug therapy is 14 days. The total duration of the study is approximately 7 to 8 weeks. Safety and tolerability will be evaluated by examining the incidence, severity, and type of adverse events, changes in clinical laboratory tests, vital signs measurements, and findings from physical examinations observed during treatment and at each posttreatment visit. An independent monitoring committee (IDMC) will be established for this study to ensure that the safety of patients is not compromised. The IDMC will consist of individuals who are not associated with the conduct of the study, and will include but will not be limited to individuals with expertise relevant to the care of pediatric patients, and including at least one infectious disease physician and at least one statistician. Patients will receive IV Doripenem (20 mg/kg to 500 mg/dose) and meropenem placebo OR meropenem (20 mg/kg to 1 gram/dose) and doripenem placebo once every 8 hours for up to 14 days. If the patient's cIAI symptoms improve after 72 hours of treatment with iv study drug, the investigator may choose to stop iv study drug and switch the patient to an orally administered antibiotic (amoxicillin/clavulanate postassium) to complete the 5- to 14 day course of antibiotic therapy.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   3 Months to 18 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who are eligible for the study must have clinical evidence of cIAI
  • Require surgical intervention (eg, laparotomy, laparoscopic surgery, or percutaneous drainage) to manage the cIAI
  • Require antibacterial therapy for 5 to 14 days in addition to the surgical intervention
  • Must, based on the judgment of the investigator, require hospitalization initially and antibacterial therapy for 5 to 14 days in addition to surgical intervention for the treatment of the current cIAI. (Note that the patient must require at least 3 days of IV antibiotic therapy initially)
  • Have a signed informed consent form completed by the patient's parent or legal representative (and a signed assent form obtained from patients who are capable of providing assent, typically, children 7 years of age and older)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Have a history of hypersensitivity reactions to carbapenems, cephalosporins, penicillins, or other beta-lactam antibiotics
  • concomitant infection including but not limited to suspected or confirmed meningitis or central nervous system infection requiring systemic antibiotic or antifungal therapy in addition to the iv study drug therapy at the time of randomization
  • Receipt of nonstudy systemic antibiotic therapy for cIAI for more than 24 hours immediately preceding the start of the infusion of the first dose of iv study drug therapy
  • Have a diagnosis of abdominal wall abscess confined to musculature of the abdominal wall, small bowel obstruction or ischemic bowel disease without perforation, traumatic bowel perforation requiring surgery within 12 hours of perforation, or perforation of gastroduodenal ulcers requiring surgery within 24 hours of perforation (these are considered situations of peritoneal soiling before the infection has become established)
  • Have simple (noncomplicated), nonperforated appendicitis or gangrenous appendicitis without rupture into the peritoneal cavity identified during a surgical procedure OR presence of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis or peritonitis associated with cirrhosis or chronic ascites
  • Known at the time of randomization to have a cIAI caused by at least one pathogen that is nonsusceptible to doripenem or meropenem
  • Presence of any of the following clinically significant laboratory abnormalities: Hematocrit of less than 20%, absolute neutrophil count (ANC) <500 cells/µL, platelet count <40,000 cells/µL, serum alanine aminotransferase or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or total bilirubin 5 times or greater the age-specific upper limit of normal (ULN) or acute/chronic renal insufficiency with a baseline creatinine clearance <50 mL per minute or requires dialysis therapy for any reason
  • Have a history of uncontrolled epilepsy defined as at least 1 seizure within the 6 months before randomization
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01110382

Locations
United States, California
San Diego, California, United States
United States, District of Columbia
Washington, District of Columbia, United States
United States, Ohio
Cleveland, Ohio, United States
Toledo, Ohio, United States
Argentina
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Córdoba, Argentina
Loma Hermosa N/A, Argentina
Paraná, Entre Ríos, Argentina
Santa Fe, Argentina
Brazil
Passo Fundo, Brazil
São Paulo, Brazil
Chile
Santiago, Chile
Valdivia X Región, Chile
Colombia
Bogota, Colombia
Floridablanca, Colombia
Latvia
Riga, Latvia
Lithuania
Kaunas, Lithuania
Vilnius, Lithuania
Panama
Zona, Panama
Sponsors and Collaborators
Janssen Research & Development, LLC
Investigators
Study Director: Janssen Research & Development, LLC C. Clinical Trial Janssen Research & Development, LLC
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Janssen Research & Development, LLC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01110382     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CR016789, DORIPED3001, 2009-015864-32
Study First Received: April 15, 2010
Results First Received: May 30, 2014
Last Updated: July 2, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration
Argentina: Ministry of Health
Latvia: State Agency of Medicines

Keywords provided by Janssen Research & Development, LLC:
Anti-Infective Agents
Doripenem
Meropenem
Child, Hospitalized
Complicated Intra-Abdominal Infections

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Abdomen, Acute
Abdominal Pain
Abscess
Appendicitis
Intestinal Perforation
Peritonitis
Abdominal Abscess
Ileus
Rupture
Pain
Signs and Symptoms
Signs and Symptoms, Digestive
Suppuration
Infection
Inflammation
Pathologic Processes
Gastroenteritis
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Cecal Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Peritoneal Diseases
Intestinal Obstruction
Wounds and Injuries
Amoxicillin
Amoxicillin-Potassium Clavulanate Combination
Clavulanic Acids
Clavulanic Acid
Meropenem
Anti-Infective Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 23, 2014