Attention Training and Its Effects on Body Image Disturbance

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
University of Sydney
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01110265
First received: April 22, 2010
Last updated: NA
Last verified: April 2010
History: No changes posted
  Purpose

Research has consistently found attentional biases towards negative weight-related stimuli in individuals with eating disorders. It has been suggested that these biases may act as a vulnerability factor for the development and maintenance of body dissatisfaction and may therefore be an important target for intervention. Previous studies have demonstrated the capacity to modify the patterns of attention allocation to threatening stimuli in a variety of anxiety disorders, with a subsequent and sustained reduction in anxiety symptoms. Thus, the present study aimed at testing the efficacy of attention training in reducing attentional biases and eating disorder symptoms in individuals with elevated levels of body image disturbance and eating disorder symptomatology of clinical severity. Thirty-two participants were randomly allocated to receive eight sessions of a 10-minute computer task aimed at training their attention away from weight-related stimuli or a control placebo training condition. Results showed that participants in the attention training group had a significantly greater reduction in their attentional bias and body dissatisfaction from pre- to post-training relative to the placebo condition. At follow-up, both groups showed a significant decrease in body dissatisfaction from their pre-training levels. The only significant difference between groups in eating disorder symptoms at follow-up was in terms of the attention training group experiencing a greater reduction in weight and shape concerns.


Condition Intervention
Body Dissatisfaction
Eating Disorder Symptoms
Behavioral: attention training
Behavioral: placebo training

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Sydney:

Enrollment: 32
Study Start Date: June 2009
Study Completion Date: January 2010
Primary Completion Date: December 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Placebo Comparator: placebo training Behavioral: placebo training
Experimental: attention training Behavioral: attention training

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 37 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • If they have a score on the Body Shape Questionnaire of 113 or more AND a score in the EDE-Q of 4 or more in any subscale.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • attention bias score of <-10
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01110265

Locations
Australia, New South Wales
The University of Sydney
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 2006
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Sydney
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Evelyn Smith, The University of Sydney
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01110265     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: USydney11760
Study First Received: April 22, 2010
Last Updated: April 22, 2010
Health Authority: Australia: Human Research Ethics Committee

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Eating Disorders
Mental Disorders

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 14, 2014