Effects of Methylphenidate on Attention Deficits in Childhood Cancer Survivors
While neurocognitive impairments in attention, memory and executive functioning are commonly reported sequelae of childhood leukemia and brain tumors, studies have only recently begun to examine the treatment of attention deficits in this population. Numerous studies have examined the effectiveness of methylphenidate in the treatment of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, the effectiveness of this medication for improving attention and behavioral functioning in children with medical illnesses or brain injury are less clear.
Patients will be randomized to receive one week of Metadate CD (a controlled release form of methylphenidate, similar to Ritalin) and one week of placebo in a double-blind fashion.
Leukemia, Lymphoblastic, Acute
Leukemia, Lymphoblastic, Acute, L1
Leukemia, Lymphoblastic, Acute, L2
Leukemia, Lymphoblastic, Acute, Philadelphia-Positive
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Acute
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Acute, L1
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Acute, L2
Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Acute
Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Acute, Childhood
Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Acute, L1
Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Acute, L2
Lymphocytic Leukemia, Acute
Lymphocytic Leukemia, L1
Lymphocytic Leukemia, L2
Cancer of the Brain
Cancer of Brain
Malignant Primary Brain Tumors
Brain Neoplasms, Malignant
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Effects of Methylphenidate on Neuropsychological Functioning in Children With Attention Deficits Secondary to Childhood Cancer|
- Effectiveness of Methylphenidate on Neurocognitive Components [ Time Frame: Week 1 and Week 2 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Child performance on neuropsychological testing (i.e., using Test of Variables of Attention [TOVA] which is a computerized test of attention that assists in the screening, diagnosis, and treatment monitoring of attention disorders, like Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder [ADHD], and working memory index of the WisSC IV. Standard scores average = 100 +/- 15. Higher scores indicate better performance. Scores < or = 1 SD below the mean represent area of deficit.
- Changes in Parent and Teacher Ratings of Attention, Executive Functioning and Behavior [ Time Frame: Week 1 and Week 2 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Parent and teacher ratings of attention, executive function and behavior (i.e., Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function [BRIEF -a parent questionnaire and a teacher questionnaire-designed to assess executive functioning in home and school environments. Conners Parent Rating Scale-3 Short Form [CPRS-3 research and clinical tool for obtaining parental reports of childhood behavior problems.] Standard scores average = 50 + or - 10. Higher scores indicate more severe difficulty. Scores > or = 60 represent areas of significant behavior concern.
|Study Start Date:||May 2010|
|Study Completion Date:||November 2010|
|Primary Completion Date:||November 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: Methylphenidate
Administered 1 capsule each day for 1 week, .3 mg/kg dose.
1 capsule each day for 1 week, .3 mg/kg dose.
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Administered 1 capsule each day for 1 week.
1 capsule per day for 1 week.
Other Name: Inactive substance
|United States, Minnesota|
|University of Minnesota Medical Center, Fairview|
|Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55455|
|Principal Investigator:||Alicia Kunin-Batson, Ph.D.||Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota|