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Coriolus Versicolor as Palliative Therapy Compared to Placebo in Patients With Child-Pugh C Unresectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma

This study has been terminated.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National University Hospital, Singapore
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01097083
First received: March 30, 2010
Last updated: January 13, 2014
Last verified: January 2014
  Purpose

The hypothesis of this study is that the median time to progression in the experimental arm is 2 months as compared to the placebo arm of 1.4 months


Condition Intervention Phase
Carcinoma
Therapy
Drug: Coriolus Versicolor
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Phase II Trial of Coriolus Versicolor as Palliative Therapy Compared to Placebo in Patients With Child-Pugh C Unresectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma or Who Are Unfit for Standard Therapy

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National University Hospital, Singapore:

Estimated Enrollment: 20
Study Start Date: April 2010
Study Completion Date: October 2013
Primary Completion Date: October 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

The diagnosis of HCC is made either by histological examination of tumor tissue or imaging evidence of a typical space-occupying lesion in the liver together with a serum AFP concentration of above 500 ng/ml (normal value, 10 ng/ml) in a known carrier of hepatitis B or C, or AFP above 400 ng/ml in non Hepatitis B or C carrier.

  • Patients with unresectable HCC that is not amenable to liver transplantation nor local ablative technique and who are not suitable for any conventional systemic therapy (including sorafenib and chemotherapy).
  • Patients with Child-Pugh Class C liver cirrhosis (Child-Pugh Scores of 10-15 points). Patients with Child-Pugh Class A or B liver cirrhosis who are not eligible for conventional therapy or other clinical trials or who refuse conventional therapy are included
  • Life Expectancy of at least 12 weeks
  • All patients should have anti-HBc antibodies tested if HBs Ag is negative. If anti-HBc is positive, HBV DNA detection should be performed to determine viral load. An undetectable Hep B DNA level (DNA levels < 12 IU/ml) in the presence of a positive Hep B core total antibody would indicate no active hepatitis infection and the subject would still be eligible for this trial.
  • Age >21 years.
  • Performance status ECOG 0 - 2
  • Patients must have normal organ and marrow function as defined below:

Absolute neutrophil count > 1.5 x 109/L Platelets > 50 x 109/L Haemoglobin > 9.0g/dl Total bilirubin < 51umol/L (3 mg /dL) AST (SGOT)/ALT (SGPT) < 5 X institutional ULN Creatinine < 1.5 ULN INR <1.7 or prothrombin time (PT) <4 seconds above ULN

  • Patients who have not received any local or systemic treatment in the last 4 weeks.
  • Measurable disease according to RECIST
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.
  • Ability to swallow oral medication
  • The effects of C versicolor on the developing human fetus are unknown. For this reason, woman of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with a history of prior malignancy that is distinct in site and histology from HCC except non-melanoma skin cancer. Any cancer curatively treated more than 3 years prior to entry is permitted.
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, intractable ascites that could not be controlled by medical therapy
  • Prior use of C versicolor or Yunzhi for HCC
  • Patients who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier
  • Patients who are using other chinese herbal therapies concurrently or on any other investigation agents for treatment of their cancer
  • Known of history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition used in the study.
  • Presence of active hepatitis B/C flare.
  • Known history of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection
  • Gastrointestinal disease which could affect the absorption or pharmacokinetics of the study drug as determined by investigator
  • Psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements. Patients with severe depression or psychiatric disorders will be excluded.
  • Known alcohol and/or substance abuser that may interfere with the subject's participation in the study or evaluation of study results.
  • Pregnancy or breast-feeding subjects. All female patients with reproductive potential must have a negative pregnancy test (serum or urine) within the 14 days prior to study enrollment and must be willing to use adequate contraception
  • Patients suffering from autoimmune disease, patients on concomitant long-term immunosuppressant therapy and those scheduled to receive bone marrow transplants
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01097083

Locations
Singapore
National Cancer Centre
Singapore, Singapore, 169610
National University Hospital
Singapore, Singapore, 119074
Singapore General Hospital
Singapore, Singapore, 169608
Sponsors and Collaborators
National University Hospital, Singapore
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Wei Peng Yong, MRCP, MB ChB' National University Hospital, Singapore
Principal Investigator: Choo Su Pin, BMBS, MRCP, M Med National Cancer Centre
Principal Investigator: Tan Chee Kiat, MBBS, FRCP, FAMS Singapore General Hospital
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01097083     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 3
Study First Received: March 30, 2010
Last Updated: January 13, 2014
Health Authority: Singapore: Domain Specific Review Boards

Keywords provided by National University Hospital, Singapore:
Patients With Child-Pugh C Unresectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Patients who are unfit for standard therapy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
Adenocarcinoma
Digestive System Diseases
Digestive System Neoplasms
Liver Diseases
Liver Neoplasms
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 25, 2014