Evaluating Heterologous-Insert Prime-Boost HIV Vaccine Regimens in HIV-Uninfected Adults

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01095224
First received: March 26, 2010
Last updated: May 20, 2014
Last verified: May 2014
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and immune response of an adenovirus-based HIV-1 vaccine regimen that includes two vaccines given at different time points in HIV-uninfected adults.


Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections
Biological: rAd35 Env A
Biological: rAd5 Env A
Biological: rAd5 Env B
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase 1 Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Safety and Immunogenicity of Heterologous Prime-Boost Regimens Utilizing Recombinant Adenovirus Serotype 35 (rAd35) With HIV-1 Clade A Env Insert and Recombinant Adenovirus Serotype 5 (rAd5) With HIV-1 Clade A or B Env Inserts in Healthy, HIV-1-Uninfected Adults

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Frequency and severity of local injection site reactogenicity signs and symptoms, including pain, tenderness, erythema, induration, and maximum severity of pain and/or tenderness [ Time Frame: Measured at baseline and Month 3 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Frequency and severity of systemic reactogenicity signs and symptoms, including fever, malaise/fatigue, myalgia, headache, nausea, vomiting, chills, arthralgia, and maximum severity of systemic symptoms [ Time Frame: Measured at baseline and Month 3 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Frequency of adverse events (AEs) categorized by MedDRA body system, MedDRA preferred term, severity and assessed relationship to study products; detailed description of all AEs meeting DAIDS criteria for expedited reporting [ Time Frame: Measured at Month 9 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Distribution of values of safety laboratory measures, including white blood cells (WBCs), neutrophils, lymphocytes, hemoglobin, platelets, and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) at baseline and at postvaccination follow-up study visits [ Time Frame: Measured at Month 9 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Number of participants with early discontinuation of vaccinations and reason for discontinuation [ Time Frame: Measured at Month 9 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Number of shared HIV epitopes targeted by T-cells [ Time Frame: Measured at 4 weeks following the final vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • HIV-1-specific interferon gamma (IFN-y) ELISpot responses [ Time Frame: Measured at 4 weeks following the final vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of shared HIV epitopes targeted by T-cells [ Time Frame: Measured at 4 weeks following the final vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • HIV-1-specific IFN-y ELISpot responses [ Time Frame: Measured at 4 weeks following the final vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Frequency of insert-specific CD4 and CD8 cells [ Time Frame: Measured at 4 weeks following the final vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Number of HIV epitopes targeted by T-cells [ Time Frame: Measured at 4 weeks following the final vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Functional spectrum of CD4 and CD8 cells by intracellular cytokine staining (ICS) assay for IFN-y, IL-2, and TNF-a [ Time Frame: Measured at Month 9 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Binding and neutralizing antibody titers [ Time Frame: Measured at baseline and at 4 weeks following the final vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 180
Study Start Date: September 2010
Primary Completion Date: October 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: rAd35 Env A and rAd5 Env A
Participants will receive the rAd35 Env A vaccine at baseline and the rAd5 Env A vaccine at Month 3.
Biological: rAd35 Env A
1 x 10^10 particle units (PU) administered as 1 mL intramuscularly (IM) in deltoid
Other Name: VRC-HIVADV027-00-VP
Biological: rAd5 Env A
1 x 10^10 PU administered as 1 mL IM in deltoid
Other Name: VRC-HIVADV038-00-VP
Experimental: rAd35 Env A and rAd5 Env B
Participants will receive the rAd35 Env A vaccine at baseline and the rAd5 Env B vaccine at Month 3.
Biological: rAd35 Env A
1 x 10^10 particle units (PU) administered as 1 mL intramuscularly (IM) in deltoid
Other Name: VRC-HIVADV027-00-VP
Biological: rAd5 Env B
1 x 10^10 PU administered as 1 mL IM in deltoid
Other Name: VRC-HIVADV052-00-VP
Experimental: rAd35 Env A and rAd35 Env A
Participants will receive the rAd35 Env A vaccine at baseline and at Month 3.
Biological: rAd35 Env A
1 x 10^10 particle units (PU) administered as 1 mL intramuscularly (IM) in deltoid
Other Name: VRC-HIVADV027-00-VP
Experimental: rAd5 Env A and rAd5 Env A
Participants will receive the rAd5 Env A vaccine at baseline and at Month 3.
Biological: rAd5 Env A
1 x 10^10 PU administered as 1 mL IM in deltoid
Other Name: VRC-HIVADV038-00-VP
Experimental: rAd5 Env A and rAd5 Env B
Participants will receive the rAd5 Env A vaccine at baseline and the rAd5 Env B vaccine at Month 3.
Biological: rAd5 Env A
1 x 10^10 PU administered as 1 mL IM in deltoid
Other Name: VRC-HIVADV038-00-VP
Biological: rAd5 Env B
1 x 10^10 PU administered as 1 mL IM in deltoid
Other Name: VRC-HIVADV052-00-VP

Detailed Description:

One approach to developing a preventive HIV vaccine includes the use of a prime-boost vaccine strategy. This type of strategy involves two vaccines, given sequentially at different time points. The goal is to stimulate different parts of the immune system and enhance the body's overall immune response to HIV. In this study, participants will receive two HIV vaccines 3 months apart. Heterologous-insert prime-boost vaccine regimens, which use the same gene from different HIV-1 subtypes, may be more effective than traditional homologous insert prime-boost vaccine regimens at eliciting immune responses directed at epitopes that are highly prevalent, possibly leading to a more effective immune system response to the vaccine. The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and immunogenicity of a heterologous-insert prime-boost HIV vaccine regimen that uses inserts from different HIV-1 subtypes and different adenovirus vectors.

This study will enroll healthy, HIV-uninfected people. Participants will be randomly assigned to one of five study groups:

  • Group 1 will receive the recombinant adenovirus serotype 35 (rAd35) Env A vaccine at baseline and the recombinant adenovirus serotype 5 (rAd5) Env A vaccine at Month 3.
  • Group 2 will receive the rAd35 Env A vaccine at baseline and the rAd5 Env B vaccine at Month 3.
  • Group 3 will receive the rAd35 Env A vaccine at baseline and at Month 3.
  • Group 4 will receive the rAd5 Env A vaccine at baseline and at Month 3.
  • Group 5 will receive the rAd5 Env A vaccine at baseline and the rAd5 Env B vaccine at Month 3.

All vaccines will be injected into the upper arm. At both vaccination study visits, participants will undergo a physical exam, a medical and medication history review, a blood and urine collection, and questionnaires. Participants will receive counseling on HIV risk reduction and pregnancy prevention. After receiving the vaccine, participants will remain in the clinic for at least 30 minutes for observation and monitoring of side effects. For 3 days after each vaccination, participants will record their temperature and side effects in a symptom log. In addition to the vaccine study visits, other study visits will occur at Week 2, two weeks after the Month 3 visit, and at Months 4, 6, and 9, at which time various study procedures will be repeated.

Participants will be contacted by study researchers once a year for 5 years for follow-up safety monitoring. Safety monitoring will not involve visiting a clinic except if a confirmatory HIV test is needed. Questions will assess health and adverse events.

The primary objective of this study is to assess the safety and tolerability, as well as the ability, of a heterologous-insert prime-boost vaccine regimen using env inserts from different HIV-1 clades to increase T-cell responses. In addition, this study is evaluating the effectiveness of a heterologous-insert prime-boost and vector prime-boost vaccine regimen at increasing T-cell responses. The study will also compare the degree of polyfunctionality of insert specific T cells after vaccination within heterologous and homologous vector vaccine regimens.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Assessed by clinic staff as being "low risk" for HIV infection
  • Access to a participating HIV Vaccine Trials Network (HVTN) clinical research site (CRS) and willing to be followed for the duration of the study
  • Able and willing to provide informed consent
  • Assessment of understanding, including the completion of a questionnaire before the first vaccination and demonstration of understanding for all questionnaire items answered incorrectly
  • Willing to receive HIV test results
  • Willing to discuss HIV infection risks, amenable to HIV risk reduction counseling, committed to maintaining behavior consistent with low risk of HIV exposure through the last required study visit
  • Willing to continue annual follow-up contact after the final study visit for a total of 5 years after study entry
  • In good general health, as shown by medical history, physical exam, and screening laboratory tests
  • Assessed by the clinic staff as having a low risk of HIV infection on the basis of sexual behaviors in the 12 months before study entry. More information on this criterion can be found in the protocol.
  • Adenovirus 5 nAb titer less than 1:18
  • Adenovirus 35 nAb titer less than 1:12
  • Hemoglobin greater than or equal to 11.0 g/dL for participants who were born female and greater than or equal to 13.0 g/dL for participants who were born male
  • White blood cell (WBC) count between 3,300 to 12,000 cells/mm^3
  • Total lymphocyte count greater than or equal to 800 cells/mm^3
  • Remaining differential either within site's normal range or with site physician approval
  • Platelet level between 125,000 to 550,000/mm^3
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) less than or equal to 1.25 times the site's upper limit of normal
  • Negative HIV-1 and -2 blood test
  • Negative Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)
  • Negative anti-Hepatitis C virus antibodies (anti-HCV), or negative HCV polymerase chain reaction (PCR) if the anti-HCV test is positive
  • Normal urine test results
  • Participants who were born female must have a negative pregnancy test result before the first study vaccination
  • Participants who were born female must agree to use an effective form of contraception from at least 21 days before study entry until the last study visit. More information on this criterion can be found in the protocol.
  • Participants who were born female must agree not to seek pregnancy through alternative methods (e.g., artificial insemination, in vitro fertilization) until after the last study visit
  • If born male, must be fully circumcised (as documented at screening examination)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Excessive daily alcohol use, frequent binge drinking, chronic marijuana abuse, or use of any other illicit drugs in the 12 months before study entry
  • History of newly acquired syphilis, gonorrhea, non-gonococcal urethritis, herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV2), chlamydia, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), trichomonas, mucopurulent cervicitis, epididymitis, proctitis, lymphogranuloma venereum, chancroid, or hepatitis B in the 12 months before study entry
  • Received non-HIV experimental vaccines in a previous vaccine trial in the 5 years before study entry
  • Received HIV vaccines in a prior HIV vaccine trial
  • Immunosuppressive medications received within 168 days before the first study vaccination
  • Blood products received within 120 days before the first study vaccination
  • Immunoglobulin received within 60 days before the first study vaccination
  • Live attenuated vaccines received within 30 days before the first study vaccination or scheduled within 14 days after injection
  • Investigational research agents received within 30 days before the first study vaccination
  • Intent to participate in another investigational drug study
  • Any vaccines that are not live attenuated vaccines and were received within 14 days before the first study vaccination
  • Allergy treatment with antigen injections within 30 days before the first study vaccination or scheduled within 14 days after the first vaccination
  • Current anti-tuberculosis (TB) prophylaxis or therapy
  • Clinically significant medical condition, abnormal physical examination findings, clinically significant abnormal laboratory results, or past medical history that may affect current health
  • Any medical, psychiatric, occupational, or other condition that would interfere with participation in the study
  • Serious adverse reactions to vaccines, including anaphylaxis and related symptoms (e.g., hives, respiratory difficulty, angioedema, abdominal pain). A person who had an adverse reaction to the pertussis vaccine is not excluded.
  • Autoimmune disease or immunodeficiency
  • Active syphilis infection
  • Asthma, other than mild well-controlled asthma. More information on this criterion can be found in the protocol.
  • Type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus, including cases controlled with diet alone. People with a history of gestational diabetes are not excluded.
  • Surgical removal of the thyroid or thyroid disease requiring medication in the 12 months before study entry
  • Angioedema in the 3 years before study entry or angioedema requiring medication in the 2 years before study entry
  • High blood pressure that is not well controlled or high blood pressure of 150/100 mm Hg or greater at study entry. More information on this criterion can be found in the protocol.
  • Body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 40, or BMI greater than or equal to 35 and two or more of the following conditions: age greater than 45, systolic blood pressure greater than 140 mm Hg, diastolic blood pressure greater than 90 mm Hg, current smoker, or known hyperlipidemia
  • Bleeding disorder (e.g., factor deficiency, coagulopathy, platelet disorder requiring special precautions)
  • Cancer. People with surgically removed cancer, that in the opinion of the investigator, is unlikely to recur during the study period are not excluded.
  • Seizure disorder. People with a history of seizures who have not required medications or had a seizure within the 3 years before study entry are not excluded.
  • Absence of the spleen
  • Psychiatric condition that makes study compliance difficult (e.g., people with psychoses in the 3 years before study entry, ongoing risk for suicide, history of suicide attempt in the 3 years before study entry)
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Has been circumcised within 90 days prior to first vaccination or displays evidence that surgical site is not fully healed
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01095224

Locations
United States, Alabama
Alabama CRS
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294
United States, California
Bridge HIV CRS
San Francisco, California, United States, 94143
United States, Georgia
The Hope Clinic of the Emory Vaccine Center CRS
Decatur, Georgia, United States, 30030
United States, Massachusetts
Brigham and Women's Hospital Vaccine CRS (BWH VCRS)
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115-6110
United States, New York
New York Blood Center CRS
New York, New York, United States, 10065
Columbia P&S CRS
New York, New York, United States, 10032-3732
University of Rochester Vaccines to Prevent HIV Infection CRS
Rochester, New York, United States, 14642
United States, Tennessee
Vanderbilt Vaccine (VV) CRS
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232-2582
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Study Chair: Xia Jin, MD, PhD University of Rochester
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01095224     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: HVTN 083, 10783
Study First Received: March 26, 2010
Last Updated: May 20, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
HIV Preventive Vaccine

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 22, 2014