Interactive Program for Effective Playground Supervision (Playground_2)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Oregon Center for Applied Science, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01094236
First received: March 25, 2010
Last updated: NA
Last verified: March 2010
History: No changes posted
  Purpose

The goal of the Playground supervision clinical trial is to see if playground management skills are improved, after implementing the school-wide behavior management program.


Condition Intervention
Behavior
Behavioral: On the Playground behavior management program

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Official Title: Interactive Program for Effective Playground Supervision

Further study details as provided by Oregon Center for Applied Science, Inc.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Improved playground management skills for treatment schools [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Supervisors: Improved knowledge, attitude, intentions and efficacy in implementing effective playground management. [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Administrators: increased knowledge and attitudes about playground safety when compared to control schools. [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Students: Increased perception of playground safety compared to control schools [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 2316
Study Start Date: August 2005
Study Completion Date: January 2006
Primary Completion Date: January 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Supervisor Treatment Group
Supervisors watched the CD intervention
Behavioral: On the Playground behavior management program
Treatment school playground supervisors were show the CD intervention. Control school playground supervisors were given a video on playground equipment safety. All school staff subjects were assessed before the intervention and 75 days following the supervisor intervention. Students were assessed before the intervention, and then 45 days and 75 days following the supervisor intervention. School Administrators were assessed before the intervention, and then 30 and 60 days after the supervisor intervention - school administrators at treatment schools had access to a treatment binder with CDs and worksheets, while the control school administrators did not.
Other Name: A Guide to Playground Management
Experimental: Administrators - Treatment
School administrators got access to the intervention binder with CD's, workbook and worksheets
Behavioral: On the Playground behavior management program
Treatment school playground supervisors were show the CD intervention. Control school playground supervisors were given a video on playground equipment safety. All school staff subjects were assessed before the intervention and 75 days following the supervisor intervention. Students were assessed before the intervention, and then 45 days and 75 days following the supervisor intervention. School Administrators were assessed before the intervention, and then 30 and 60 days after the supervisor intervention - school administrators at treatment schools had access to a treatment binder with CDs and worksheets, while the control school administrators did not.
Other Name: A Guide to Playground Management
Experimental: Students
3rd grade students at participating study schools
Behavioral: On the Playground behavior management program
Treatment school playground supervisors were show the CD intervention. Control school playground supervisors were given a video on playground equipment safety. All school staff subjects were assessed before the intervention and 75 days following the supervisor intervention. Students were assessed before the intervention, and then 45 days and 75 days following the supervisor intervention. School Administrators were assessed before the intervention, and then 30 and 60 days after the supervisor intervention - school administrators at treatment schools had access to a treatment binder with CDs and worksheets, while the control school administrators did not.
Other Name: A Guide to Playground Management
Experimental: Supervisor Control Group
Supervisors watched a video on playground equipment safety
Behavioral: On the Playground behavior management program
Treatment school playground supervisors were show the CD intervention. Control school playground supervisors were given a video on playground equipment safety. All school staff subjects were assessed before the intervention and 75 days following the supervisor intervention. Students were assessed before the intervention, and then 45 days and 75 days following the supervisor intervention. School Administrators were assessed before the intervention, and then 30 and 60 days after the supervisor intervention - school administrators at treatment schools had access to a treatment binder with CDs and worksheets, while the control school administrators did not.
Other Name: A Guide to Playground Management
Experimental: Administrators - Control
Administrators did not have access to any treatment materials.
Behavioral: On the Playground behavior management program
Treatment school playground supervisors were show the CD intervention. Control school playground supervisors were given a video on playground equipment safety. All school staff subjects were assessed before the intervention and 75 days following the supervisor intervention. Students were assessed before the intervention, and then 45 days and 75 days following the supervisor intervention. School Administrators were assessed before the intervention, and then 30 and 60 days after the supervisor intervention - school administrators at treatment schools had access to a treatment binder with CDs and worksheets, while the control school administrators did not.
Other Name: A Guide to Playground Management
Experimental: School Staff
School staff surveyed at staff meetings
Behavioral: On the Playground behavior management program
Treatment school playground supervisors were show the CD intervention. Control school playground supervisors were given a video on playground equipment safety. All school staff subjects were assessed before the intervention and 75 days following the supervisor intervention. Students were assessed before the intervention, and then 45 days and 75 days following the supervisor intervention. School Administrators were assessed before the intervention, and then 30 and 60 days after the supervisor intervention - school administrators at treatment schools had access to a treatment binder with CDs and worksheets, while the control school administrators did not.
Other Name: A Guide to Playground Management

Detailed Description:

The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that over 200,000 children every year are admitted to emergency rooms due to playground related injuries sustained at school. The National Association for Playground Safety recommends not only improving surface materials and equipment, but also improving adult supervision of children while at play. Yet, there are limited empirical studies in the literature that have examined the impact of a comprehensive training program to improve playground safety by improving supervisor knowledge and attitudes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a comprehensive, stand-alone interactive multimedia computer-based training program for elementary school faculty to implement a school-wide behavior management program for playground environments. To do this, a randomized control trial comparing the experiences of playground supervisors, students, and staff from schools of a large urban school district was carried out. School was both the unit of randomization and the unit of analysis. The comparisons were measured by pre, post and follow-up assessments conducted by the investigators. Results suggest significant positive differences due to treatment in knowledge, beliefs and attitudes for playground supervisors, students, and staff.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • school staff in elementary schools (grades K-5)
  • must be in the included school district for Las Vegas, NV.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • schools outside of the Las Vegas school district
  • middle schools
  • junior high schools
  • high schools
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01094236

Locations
United States, Oregon
Oregon Center for Applied Science
Eugene, Oregon, United States, 97401
Sponsors and Collaborators
Oregon Center for Applied Science, Inc.
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Lynne H Grilley Swartz, MPH, CHES Oregon Center for Applied Science
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Lynne H. Grilley Swartz, Oregon Center for Applied Science, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01094236     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SBIR40-2
Study First Received: March 25, 2010
Last Updated: March 25, 2010
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Oregon Center for Applied Science, Inc.:
behavior management
academic performance
playground supervision
harm reduction
Behavioral Research

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 22, 2014