Erlotinib in Higher Risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Roche Pharma AG
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Groupe Francophone des Myelodysplasies
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01085838
First received: March 11, 2010
Last updated: March 18, 2014
Last verified: March 2013
  Purpose

The aim of this study is to evaluate the toxicity and therapeutic efficacy of erlotinib in high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients (with at least 10% of bone marrow blasts) ineligible for or having failed intensive chemotherapy and ineligible or after failure of treatment with a hypomethylating agent.


Condition Intervention Phase
Myelodysplastic Syndrome
Drug: Erlotinib
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I-II Trial of Erlotinib in Higher Risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Groupe Francophone des Myelodysplasies:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The primary objective is to estimate the overall response rate (CR, PR, mCR The primary objective is to estimate the overall response rate (CR, PR, mCR and HI according to the IWG 2000 and 2006 criteria) in patients treated with erlotinib. [ Time Frame: After 12 weeks treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • ·assessment of response duration [ Time Frame: While patient is on study/during follow-up. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • · survival [ Time Frame: While patient is on study/during follow-up. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • · treatment-related toxicity; [ Time Frame: While patient is on study/during follow-up. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • · correlation of prognostic parameters, response and survival, with the assessed biological parameters; [ Time Frame: While patient is on study/during follow-up. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: July 2010
Study Completion Date: March 2014
Primary Completion Date: March 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Cohort 1
The first cohort of 5 patients will start with a dosage of 100 mg erlotinib daily
Drug: Erlotinib
Erlotinib oral capsule, 100, 150, or 300 mg/day during 12 weeks at study start
Other Names:
  • OSI-774
  • Erlotinib
Experimental: Cohort 2
The second cohort of patients will receive 150 mg of erlotinib daily
Drug: Erlotinib
Erlotinib oral capsule, 100, 150, or 300 mg/day during 12 weeks at study start
Other Names:
  • OSI-774
  • Erlotinib
Experimental: Cohort 3
The third cohort of five patients will be enrolled to receive 300 mg of erlotinib daily
Drug: Erlotinib
Erlotinib oral capsule, 100, 150, or 300 mg/day during 12 weeks at study start
Other Names:
  • OSI-774
  • Erlotinib

Detailed Description:

This is a phase I-II multicenter, open label, sequential cohort dose escalation study of erlotinib designed to assess the safety and efficacy of a daily administration of erlotinib in high risk MDS patients.

Five patients per cohort will be enrolled into sequential cohorts receiving increasing dosages of erlotinib. The first cohort of 5 patients will start with a dosage of 100 mg erlotinib daily. Response will be determined after 12 weeks of treatment (or earlier upon major hematologic improvement, whichever event occurs first). At the completion of each cohort, defined as the fifth subject completing the week 12 visit, the safety review panel will be responsible for making the decision as to whether the next cohort will begin, an intermediate dose cohort will be added, or if additional subjects will be enrolled into an earlier dose cohort.

Upon agreement of the safety review panel, the second cohort of patients will receive 150 mg of erlotinib daily, and - upon agreement of the safety review panel - the third cohort of five patients will be enrolled to receive 300 mg of erlotinib daily.

Since it is to be expected that the therapeutically required dosage of erlotinib is higher than the dosage for which a patient was initially enrolled (i.e. patient enrolled in the first cohort receiving 100 mg daily), dosage of erlotinib should be increased (for the same patient) to the next higher level, if no response is documented after 12 weeks of continuous treatment and no grade III or IV toxicity is documented. In contrast, responders will continue their treatment with the same dosage of erlotinib until grade III or IV toxicity arises or treatment loses efficacy (as defined by relapse/progression of the disease).

Consequently, this study plans to enrol 15 patients in 3 cohorts of 5 patients. Once the dose limiting toxicity has been defined, additional confirmatory subjects (20) will be enrolled into the appropriate lower dose as recommended by the safety review panel.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Diagnosis of MDS according to the WHO classification, but also including RAEB in transformation as defined by the FAB classification (that is patients with up to 30% of blasts in the bone marrow), with the exception of patients with preceding myeloproliferative syndrome or LMMC;
  2. Higher-risk MDS as defined by a IPSS score >1 (IPSS: Int-2 or High);
  3. Life expectancy > 3 months;
  4. Percentage of bone marrow blasts >10 and below 30%;
  5. Ineligible for or having failed intensive chemotherapy and ineligible for or having failed previous therapy with a hypomethylating agent;
  6. Age ≥ 18 years;
  7. Written informed consent;
  8. Patient must understand and voluntarily sign consent form;
  9. Patient must be able to adhere to the visit schedule as outlined in the study and follow protocol requirements;
  10. ECOG performance status between 0-2 at the time of screening;
  11. Females of childbearing potential (defined as a sexually mature woman who has not undergone a hysterectomy or who is not naturally postmenopausal for at least 24 consecutive months, that is who has had menses at any time during the preceding 24 consecutive months) have to have a negative pregnancy test;
  12. Adequate contraceptive methods should be carried out by all patients during therapy and for at least 2 weeks after completing therapy.
  13. No existing contra-indication to treatment with erlotinib.
  14. Health insurance.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Serum creatinine ≥ 1.5 x the upper limit of normal, or creatinine clearance ≤60 mL/min.
  2. Concomitant treatment with NSAIDS, warfarin, omeprazole, ranitidine or inducers (i.e. rifampicin, phenytoin; carbamazepin) or inhibitors (i.e. ketoconazole, ciprofloxacin, clarithromycin, voriconazole) of CYP3A4;
  3. Inadequate liver function as defined by a serum bilirubin ≥ 1.5 x the upper limit of normal (except in the case of confirmed moderate unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia due to intramedullary hemolysis, as observed frequently in MDS), and/or ASAT/ALAT/GGT levels ≥2 x the upper limit of normal;
  4. Known HIV-positivity;
  5. Any serious medical condition or psychiatric illness that will prevent the subject from signing the informed consent form or will place the subject at unacceptable risk if he or she participates in the study;
  6. Vitamine B12 or folate deficiency;
  7. Pregnant or lactating females;
  8. Use of cytotoxic chemotherapeutic agents or experimental agents (agents that are not commercially available) for the treatment of MDS within the 28 days preceding study entry;
  9. Prior history of malignancy other than MDS (except basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma or carcinoma in situ of the cervix or breast), unless the subject has been disease-free for ≥3 years;
  10. Patients with a history of corneal disorders or another active ophthalmic disorder, active infections or other concomitant serious and uncontrolled medical conditions.
  11. History of interstitial lung disease or any active pulmonary disease.
  12. Patients with a history of myeloproliferative syndrome or LMMC
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01085838

Locations
France
CHU d'Angers
Angers, France, 49033
Hôpital Avicenne
Bobigny, France, 93009
Centre Hospitalier du Mans
Le Mans cedex, France, 72037
CHRU Huriez
Lille, France, 59037
CHRU de Limoges
Limoges, France, 87046
Centre Hospitalier Lyon Sud
Lyon, France, 69495
Institut Paoli-Calmettes
Marseille, France, 13273
CHU Nantes
Nantes, France, 44093
CHU Caremeau
Nimes, France, 30029
Hopital St Louis
Paris, France, 75475
Hopital Cochin
Paris, France, 75679
Hopital Purpan
Toulouse, France
Hopital Purpan-Medecine interne
Toulouse, France, 31059
Institut Gustave Roussy
Villejuif, France, 94805
Sponsors and Collaborators
Groupe Francophone des Myelodysplasies
Roche Pharma AG
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Sylvain Thepot, MD GFM/Hôpital Angers
Principal Investigator: Lionel Ades, MD GFM/Hôpital Saint Louis
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Groupe Francophone des Myelodysplasies
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01085838     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: GFM-ERLOTINIB-08
Study First Received: March 11, 2010
Last Updated: March 18, 2014
Health Authority: France: ANSM agence nationale de sésurité du médicament et des produits de santé

Keywords provided by Groupe Francophone des Myelodysplasies:
Erlotinib
myelodysplastic syndrome

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Preleukemia
Syndrome
Bone Marrow Diseases
Disease
Hematologic Diseases
Neoplasms
Pathologic Processes
Precancerous Conditions
Erlotinib
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Protein Kinase Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 20, 2014