Pharmacokinetics of Mefloquine-Artesunate in Pregnant Women With Uncomplicated Plasmodium Falciparum Infection

This study has been withdrawn prior to enrollment.
(Logistical difficulties)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01082718
First received: March 8, 2010
Last updated: April 12, 2012
Last verified: April 2012
  Purpose

Artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs) are now the treatment of choice for malaria in non-pregnant individuals living in areas with established chloroquine resistance; they have been shown to be both safe and highly efficacious. There is rapidly increasing experience with artemisinin derivatives in the 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy, with over 1,000 well documented cases with no reported serious adverse effects to mother or fetus (WHO Malaria Treatment Guidelines, 2006). Many countries in Latin America have abandoned the previous 1st line regimen of Quinine-Clindamycin for treatment of malaria in pregnancy, a complex and poorly tolerated regimen with low adherence, in favor of ACTs, despite limited safety and pharmacokinetic data on the use of these compounds in pregnant women. Lack of pharmacokinetic data may lead to underdosing of pregnant women, with subsequent reduced efficacy and increased potential for development of resistance.

One ACT regimen, Artesunate-Mefloquine, has been developed as a fixed-dose combination (Farmanguinhos Artesunato + Mefloquina), as part of an international collaborative research effort led by Drugs for Neglected Diseases Initiative (DNDi), and manufactured by Farmanguinhos, laboratory of the Brazilian Ministry of Health. Initial clinical trials suggest that it is very well tolerated and efficacious in both pregnant and non-pregnant individuals. The convenient dosing afforded by a fixed drug combination make this a very promising candidate for treatment of pregnant women with malaria. Preliminary pharmacokinetic data from mefloquine monotherapy and prophylaxis suggest that the peak concentration of mefloquine is lowered in pregnant women. Prior to wide-spread adoption of the Artesunate-Mefloquine combination, further studies on safety, efficacy, and dose optimization are imperative. We propose to compare the pharmacokinetics of the fixed combination of mefloquine-artesunate (MA) for treatment of P.falciparum in 28 pregnant women in the second and third trimesters to the pharmacokinetics of this regimen in 28 matched non-pregnant P.falciparum infected women. This will allow us to determine whether the standard adult dose is sufficient for pregnant women.


Condition Intervention Phase
Malaria
Pregnancy
Drug: Mefloquine Artesunate
Phase 2
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics/Dynamics Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Pharmacokinetics of Mefloquine-Artesunate in Pregnant Women With Uncomplicated Plasmodium Falciparum Infection

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Area under the curve of Mefloquine - artesunate in pregnant versus matched non-pregnant women with P. falciparum malaria [ Time Frame: Multiple measures up to 63 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • PCR correct cure rate on Day 63 [ Time Frame: Day 63 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 0
Study Start Date: March 2010
Estimated Study Completion Date: October 2010
Estimated Primary Completion Date: October 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Pregnant women
Pregnant women with P. falciparum malaria
Drug: Mefloquine Artesunate
Mefloquine-artesunate fixed dose combination (Farmanguinhos): Artesuanto 100 mg and Mefloquine 220mg per tablet, dosed once daily for 3 days such that mefloquine dose is approximately 8mg/kg/day.
Other Name: Artesunato- mefloquina
Active Comparator: Non pregnant women
Non pregnant women with P. falciparum malaria
Drug: Mefloquine Artesunate
Mefloquine-artesunate fixed dose combination (Farmanguinhos): Artesuanto 100 mg and Mefloquine 220mg per tablet, dosed once daily for 3 days such that mefloquine dose is approximately 8mg/kg/day.
Other Name: Artesunato- mefloquina

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Cases: Pregnant women, age ≥18 years, in 2nd or 3rd trimester (gestational age ≥12 weeks determined by LMP and confirmed by fundal height measurement) Controls: Non-pregnant women ≥18 years old (negative urine pregnancy test)
  2. Presence of P. falciparum ≤ 50,000 parasites/microliter
  3. Fever (≥37.5C) or history of fever in preceding 48 hours
  4. Willing to sign or thumb print informed consent
  5. Willing to be hospitalized for 3 days and to return for scheduled follow up visits for treatment and observation until delivery
  6. Willing to deliver in health facility

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Pregnancy < 12 weeks
  2. Presence of malaria species other than P. falciparum on the slide (P. vivax, P. malariae, or P. ovale, or mixed infection (P. falciparum in combination with any other malaria species)
  3. History of allergy or hypersensitivity to interventional drugs
  4. Exposure to antimalarial drugs and other drugs with antimalarial activity within the past 2 months, as determined by history from the woman.
  5. Patients taking drugs with possible interaction with study drugs (ie, digoxin or warfarin)
  6. History or family history of epilepsy or psychiatric disorder
  7. Presence of signs and symptoms of severe malaria
  8. Inability to tolerate oral medication (repeated vomiting, impairment of consciousness). Vomiting of any of the treatment doses will lead to exclusion from the pharmacokinetic sampling, but not the follow-up for drug efficacy.
  9. History of chronic disease including diabetes, renal failure, hepatic failure, heart disease requiring anti-arrhythmic drugs or warfarin, AIDS (HIV itself will not be an exclusion, but anyone with AIDS or HIV requiring HAART will be excluded), hemoglobinopathy,
  10. Participant's inability to return for follow up visits
  11. Age <18 years
  12. Hb<8g/dl
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01082718

Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Meghna Desai, MPH PhD Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01082718     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: PAACT PK
Study First Received: March 8, 2010
Last Updated: April 12, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:
Malaria
Pregnancy
Pharmacokinetics
Brazil

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Malaria
Protozoan Infections
Parasitic Diseases
Artesunate
Mefloquine
Amebicides
Antiprotozoal Agents
Antiparasitic Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Antimalarials

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 16, 2014