A Pediatric Study of a Plerixafor Containing Regimen In Second Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Genzyme, a Sanofi Company
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01068301
First received: February 11, 2010
Last updated: December 31, 2013
Last verified: December 2013
  Purpose

Patients with refractory hematologic malignancies, including those who develop recurrent disease after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) have a dismal prognosis. Historically, both regimen-related mortality and disease recurrence have been significant causes of treatment failure in this heavily pre-treated patient population. Novel therapeutic agents that target molecular signaling mechanisms and increase the sensitivity of leukemic cells to apoptosis may clearly play a role in this setting.

This study hypothesizes that interrupting the SDF-1/CXCR4 axis using the selective CXCR4 antagonist plerixafor may be useful as a leukemic stem cell mobilizing agent for patients who are refractory to standard dose chemotherapy and in relapse after an allogeneic transplant. This hypothesis is based on the dependence of leukemia cells on MSCs for survival signals as described above and on the preclinical data that suggest increased efficacy by antileukemia agents when leukemia cells are separated from MSCs.

In the present trial, the study proposes to add plerixafor to enhance the conditioning regimen cytotoxicity. At this time the goal is to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of plerixafor through the process of dose limiting toxicity (DLT) evaluation. Pharmacokinetic studies will be conducted. Additional studies will quantify and the content of leukemia cells and key regulatory and effector T cell populations in the bone marrow and blood before and after exposure to this medication.

If the observed outcomes of this trial are promising, it could serve as a platform on which to study further use of plerixafor as a complimentary agent with conditioning as well as other chemotherapeutic regimens for patients with relapsed or refractory hematologic malignancies.


Condition Intervention Phase
Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Chronic Myeloid Leukemia
Myelodysplastic Syndrome
Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
Drug: Plerixafor
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Pediatric Study of a Plerixafor Containing Regimen In Second Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by St. Jude Children's Research Hospital:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To determine the dose-limiting toxicity and maximum tolerated dose of plerixafor in combination with fludarabine, thiotepa and melphalan as a conditioning regimen for patients undergoing a second allogeneic transplant procedure. [ Time Frame: 7 days post transplant ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 12
Study Start Date: May 2010
Study Completion Date: October 2013
Primary Completion Date: October 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Second Allogeneic Transplant Procedure Recipient

Participants with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL); Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML); Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS); Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML); Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia (JMML); Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) with evidence of bone marrow disease, receiving a second allogeneic transplant procedure.

Intervention: Plerixafor

Drug: Plerixafor
Plerixafor in combination with fludarabine, thiotepa and melphalan as a conditioning regimen for patients undergoing a second allogeneic transplant procedure (bone marrow or peripheral blood). A traditional 3+3 phase I design will be employed during this study, where dose escalations are planned in groups of 3 participants. No intra-participant escalation will be allowed and dose escalation will not be considered until toxicity information is available from at least 3 evaluable participants at the current dose level.Plerixafor will be given intravenously (IV) rather than subcutaneously (SQ) to minimize discomfort associated with repeated daily injections (up to 3) to the pediatric population of this study.
Other Names:
  • AMD3100
  • Mozobil®

Detailed Description:

This study will determine the following objectives:

  1. To determine the dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) and maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of plerixafor in combination with fludarabine, thiotepa, and melphalan as a conditioning regimen for children and young adults undergoing a second allogeneic stem cell transplant (SCT) procedure.
  2. The study determines the secondary objectives:

    • To describe the pharmacokinetic properties of plerixafor in this study population
    • To estimate the cumulative incidence of relapse and overall survival in study participants at one year after this second transplant procedure
  3. Other exploratory objectives include:

    • To study the correlation between the pharmacokinetic properties of plerixafor and key regulatory and effector T cell populations in blood before and after exposure to plerixafor.
    • To evaluate the content of leukemia cells in bone marrow and in blood before and after exposure to plerixafor
    • To evaluate key regulatory and effector T cell populations in bone marrow and in blood before and after exposure to plerixafor
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 21 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age less than or equal to 21 years old.
  • One of the following hematologic malignancies that has relapsed after prior allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation:
  • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)
  • Acute myeloid leukemia (AML)
  • Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)
  • Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML)
  • Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML)
  • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) with evidence of bone marrow disease
  • Has a suitable human leukocyte antigen (HLA) matched family member or unrelated donor available for stem cell donation. A "matched" donor is defined as matching at 5/6 or 6/6 HLA loci.
  • Does not have active central nervous system (CNS) malignancy (history of CNS disease allowed).
  • No prior neuromuscular dysfunction or all prior grade I-IV neuromuscular dysfunctions have subsided > 4 weeks prior to enrollment.
  • Cardiac shortening fraction greater than or equal to 25%.
  • Creatinine clearance greater than or equal to 50 ml/min/1.73 m2
  • Forced vital capacity (FVC) greater than or equal to 40% of predicted value or pulse oximetry greater than or equal to 92% on room air.
  • Karnofsky or Lansky (age-dependent) performance score of greater than or equal to 50 .
  • Off all treatment for acute or chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) for at least 7 days prior to the initiation of conditioning.
  • Bilirubin less than or equal to 3 times the upper limit of normal for age.
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) less than or equal to 3.0 times the upper limit of normal for age.
  • White blood cell count of less than 50,000/mm3
  • Not pregnant as confirmed by negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 14 days prior to enrollment.
  • Not lactating.
  • All patients of childbearing potential must agree to use an effective birth control method

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant and lactating females are excluded from participation as the short and long-term effects of the preparative agents and infusion on a fetus and a nursing child through breast milk are not entirely known at this time.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01068301

Locations
United States, Tennessee
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
Memphis, Tennessee, United States, 38105
Sponsors and Collaborators
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
Genzyme, a Sanofi Company
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Ashok Srinivasan, MD St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01068301     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MOZBMT
Study First Received: February 11, 2010
Last Updated: December 31, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration
United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by St. Jude Children's Research Hospital:
Allogeneic Stem Cell transplantation
Plerixafor
Acute Lymphoblastic leukemia
Acute Myeloid leukemia
Chronic Myeloid leukemia
Myelodysplastic Syndrome
Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
Other Leukemia

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive
Lymphoma
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Preleukemia
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Myeloproliferative Disorders
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Precancerous Conditions
JM 3100
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 31, 2014