The Relation Between Running Patterns and Overuse Injuries in Runners

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
University of Aarhus
Bispebjerg Hospital
Foot and Ankle Research Northern Denmark
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Northern Orthopaedic Division, Denmark
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01063673
First received: February 4, 2010
Last updated: September 12, 2014
Last verified: September 2014
  Purpose

Running patterns are thought to have a major influence on the development of Running Related Injuries (RRI), however to studies have documented such relationship. Thus, the aim of the study is to investigate the association between running patterns and overuse injuries in runners.


Condition
Overuse Injuries

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: The Relation Between Running Patterns and Overuse Injuries in Runners

Further study details as provided by Northern Orthopaedic Division, Denmark:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Injury defined as any musculoskeletal complaint of the lower extremity or back causing a restriction of running for at least 1 week. [ Time Frame: a two-week period before the injury arises ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 940
Study Start Date: June 2010
Study Completion Date: August 2014
Primary Completion Date: August 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Groups/Cohorts
Active runners
Observational follow-up study on 39 runners

Detailed Description:

Running patterns are thought to have a major influence on the development of Running Related Injuries (RRI).

Worldwide, running is a sport practiced by many individuals to improve cardio-respiratory function, health and well-being. Although running positively contributes to health, there is also a risk of running related injuries (RRI). At best, the consequence of RRI´s is a periodic absence from physical activity, with the athlete returning to sport within weeks. In the worst case, the injury is a chronic painful condition, causing a sedentary lifestyle without physical activity. This is undesirable since physical inactivity increases the risk of lifestyle diseases and death.

In Denmark it is estimated that 4.500 deaths each year can be attributed directly to inactivity. Furthermore, inactivity leads to reduced quality of life compared to active persons. To avoid people getting a sedentary lifestyle prevention of RRI are necessary.

To define a prevention strategy, one must have knowledge about risk factors and causation. Many risk factors have been proposed. Among these, running patterns and foot type are thought to play a major role in the development of RRI. However, very few firm conclusions can be made based on the existing literature, often because of methodical problems. Consequently, it is suggested to design large scale prospective studies controlling for multiple variables. Furthermore, studies should differentiate between novice, elite and extreme runners. Thus, the study design in this project will take these suggestions into account.

The aim of the study is to investigate the association between running patterns and overuse injuries in runners.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population

Beginners: n = 1000. By means of the Danish Personal Register adult citizens (age 18-65 years) from Aarhus Municipality are identified, contacted by phone, and invited to participate in the study. A question on running experience in the past is used to assess the novelty to running. 500 beginners with previous running experience and 500 beginners without previous running experience (former runners) will be included in the study. It is estimated that 11000 persons have to be contracted to include 1000 individuals. Healthy persons who have not sustained an injury in the lower extremity in the last 3 months before inclusion and who have not been running for the last 12 months, are eligible for the study. Participants are excluded if there are absolute contraindications for vigorous physical activities according to the ACSM, or in case of unwillingness to keep a training log / wear a heart rate belt during training.

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • between 18 and 65 years old
  • has a GPS-watch that can measure training data (Garmin Forerunner 205,305 or 405)
  • has registered their training (if they have run) for a period of at least three months before the inclusion in the trial
  • has an e-mail address

Exclusion Criteria:

  • does not wish to keep a training diary
  • has not registered training data in the follow-up period
  • has had an injury in the leg within the last three months before baseline
  • active with another tough sports, cf. American College of Sports Medicine
  • psychic condition that does not allow participation
  • cannot read or understand Danish
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01063673

Locations
Denmark
Northern Orthopaedic Division, Aalborg University Hospital
Aalborg, Northern Jutland, Denmark, 9000
VIA UC
Holstebro, Denmark, 7500
Sponsors and Collaborators
Northern Orthopaedic Division, Denmark
University of Aarhus
Bispebjerg Hospital
Foot and Ankle Research Northern Denmark
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Sten Rasmussen, M.D., DrMSc Orthopaedic Division, North Denmark Region, Aalborg Hospital - Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Northern Orthopaedic Division, Denmark
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01063673     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: M-20110114
Study First Received: February 4, 2010
Last Updated: September 12, 2014
Health Authority: Denmark: The Danish National Committee on Biomedical Research Ethics
Denmark: Danish Dataprotection Agency

Keywords provided by Northern Orthopaedic Division, Denmark:
Running, overuse injury, limits humans

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cumulative Trauma Disorders
Sprains and Strains
Wounds and Injuries

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 22, 2014