Multimodal Music Therapy for Children With Anxiety Disorders
Multimodal music therapy (MT) for children ages 8 to 12 years with anxiety disorders is compared to community treatment as usual (TAU). 36 children were randomized either to MT or to TAU. Primary outcome is presence of an anxiety disorder at the end of treatment. Secondary outcomes are self- and parent-/teacher reported anxiety, co-morbid psychological symptoms, and quality of life. Stability of outcome is assessed six months after the end of treatment.
Behavioral: Multimodal music therapy
Behavioral: Community treatment as usual
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Randomized Controlled Trial of Multimodal Music Therapy for Children With Anxiety Disorders|
- Diagnosis of an anxiety disorder (DSM IV)
|Study Start Date:||May 2006|
|Study Completion Date:||September 2009|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Multimodal music therapy
Multimodal music therapy comprises 16 sessions single music therapy, group music therapy (max. 6 children/group), parent-child sessions, and parent counseling. The manualized treatment integrates music therapy, behavioral interventions, and family-oriented interventions.
|Behavioral: Multimodal music therapy|
|Active Comparator: community treatment as usual||Behavioral: Community treatment as usual|
Patients were enrolled in a community clinic and in an outpatient clinic for child and adolescent psychiatry/psychotherapy. Inclusion criteria: diagnosis of an anxiety disorder (separation anxiety disorder, general anxiety disorder, social phobia, specific phobia, or other anxiety disorder); age 8-12; no medication or stable medication during treatment; IQ>80; informed consent of caregivers and informed assent of patients. Outcome measures. Kiddie-SADS; STAIC-C, SPAIC, CDI; SDQ teacher report; CBCL 4-18; ILK quality of life inventory. Assessment time points: pre-intervention; post-intervention; 6-months follow-up.