Safety and Efficacy Study of Aztreonam for Inhalation Solution (AZLI) in Patients With Cystic Fibrosis and Chronic Burkholderia Species Infection

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Gilead Sciences
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01059565
First received: January 28, 2010
Last updated: February 7, 2014
Last verified: February 2014
  Purpose

The purpose of this research study was to determine if an experimental drug called Aztreonam for Inhalation Solution (AZLI) was safe and effective to treat Burkholderia lung infections in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF).

Spirometry was used to assess pulmonary function, and the revised Cystic Fibrosis Questionnaire (CFQ-R) was used to assess quality of life. The CFQ-R is a validated, patient-reported outcome tool used to measure health-related quality of life for children and adults with CF.

The study consisted of a 24-week randomized phase, and a 24-week open-label phase. Primary and secondary efficacy analyses were conducted for the 24-week randomized phase only. Safety data were collected for both the randomized and open-label phases.


Condition Intervention Phase
Cystic Fibrosis
Burkholderia Infections
Drug: AZLI
Drug: Placebo
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase 3b Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Two-Part Trial to Assess the Safety and Efficacy of Continuous Aztreonam for Inhalation Solution (AZLI) in Subjects With Cystic Fibrosis (CF) and Chronic Burkholderia Species Infection

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Gilead Sciences:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • AUCave of Relative Change in FEV1 % Predicted From Baseline to Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The relative change (AUCave) in FEV1 % predicted from baseline to Week 24 was analyzed. FEV1 % predicted is defined as FEV1 % of the patient divided by the average FEV1 % in the population for any person of similar age, sex and body composition. AUCave is the calculated area under the curve corrected for baseline and adjusted by the number of days on study through Week 24.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Total Number of Systemic and/or Inhaled Antibiotic Courses for Respiratory Events [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The total number of systemic and/or inhaled antibiotic courses for respiratory events from baseline to Week 24 was analyzed. A single antibiotic course may represent the use of multiple antibiotics.

  • AUCave of Change in CFQ-R RSS Scores From Baseline to Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    The change (AUCave) in CFQ-R RSS scores from baseline to Week 24 was analyzed.

    The range of scores (units) within the RSS domain is 0 to 100 with higher scores indicating fewer symptoms.


  • AUCave of Relative Change From Baseline to Week 24 in FEV1 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The relative change (AUCave) from baseline to Week 24 in mean (SE) FEV1 was analyzed. FEV1 is defined as the maximal volume of air that can be exhaled in 1 second.

  • AUCave of Relative Change From Baseline to Week 24 in FVC [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The relative change (AUCave) from baseline to Week 24 in mean (SE) FVC was analyzed. FVC is defined as the volume of air that can forcibly be blown out after taking a full breath.

  • AUCave of Relative Change From Baseline to Week 24 in FEF25-75 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The relative change (AUCave) from baseline to Week 24 in mean (SE) FEF25-75 was analyzed. FEF25-75 is defined as the forced expiratory flow from 25% to 75% of the FVC.

  • AUCave of the Change From Baseline to Week 24 in Physical Functioning Score as Assessed by the CFQ-R [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    The change (AUCave) from baseline to Week 24 in the physical functioning score as assessed by the CFQ-R was analyzed.

    The range of scores (units) in the CFQ-R physical functioning domain is 0 to 100 with higher scores indicating better QOL.


  • AUCave of the Change From Baseline to Week 24 in Weight Score as Assessed by the CFQ-R [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    The change (AUCave) from baseline to Week 24 in the weight score as assessed by the CFQ-R was analyzed.

    The range of scores (units) in the CFQ-R weight domain is 0 to 100 with higher scores indicating better QOL.


  • AUCave of the Change From Baseline to Week 24 in Treatment Burden Score as Assessed by the CFQ-R [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    The change (AUCave) from baseline to Week 24 in the treatment burden score as assessed by the CFQ-R was analyzed.

    The range of scores (units) in the CFQ-R treatment burden domain is 0 to 100 with higher scores indicating better QOL.


  • Change in BMI From Baseline to Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The change in BMI from baseline to Week 24 was analyzed.

  • Change in Burkholderia Spp. CFU in Sputum From Baseline to Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The change in Burkholderia spp. CFU in sputum from baseline to Week 24 was analyzed.

  • Percentage of Days Participants Used Antibiotics [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The percentage of days participants used antibiotics from baseline to Week 24 was analyzed. Antibiotics ongoing at baseline or started on or after first dose date were included in the analysis. A single antibiotic course could represent the use of multiple antibiotics. Days of antibiotic use included unique days.

  • Percent of Days Hospitalized [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The percentage of days hospitalized from baseline to Week 24 was analyzed.

  • Percentage of Missed School or Work Days [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The percentage of days participants missed school or work from baseline to Week 24 was analyzed.


Enrollment: 102
Study Start Date: February 2010
Study Completion Date: January 2012
Primary Completion Date: September 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: AZLI
Participants were randomized to receive AZLI for up to 24 weeks and may have continued to receive AZLI during the open-label phase for up to an additional 24 weeks.
Drug: AZLI
Aztreonam for inhalation solution (AZLI; 75 mg aztreonam/52.5 mg lysine monohydrate) was administered three times a day, with at least 4 hours between doses, using the investigational nebulizer.
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Participants were randomized to receive placebo to match AZLI for up to 24 weeks and may have switched to AZLI during the open-label phase for up to 24 weeks.
Drug: Placebo
Placebo to match AZLI (lactose and sodium chloride) was administered three times a day, with at least 4 hours between doses, using the investigational nebulizer.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   6 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male or female ≥ 6 years of age
  2. Subjects with CF as diagnosed by one of the following:

    • Documented sweat chloride ≥ 60 milliequivalent (mEq)/L by quantitative pilocarpine iontophoresis test
    • Documented sweat sodium ≥ 60 mmol/L
    • Two well-characterized genetic mutations in the CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene
    • Abnormal nasal potential difference (NPD) with accompanying symptoms characteristic of CF
  3. Chronic infection with Burkholderia spp. defined by:

    • One sputum (or bronchoalveolar lavage) culture positive for Burkholderia spp. within 6 months prior to baseline assessment,
    • At least 50% of sputum (or bronchoalveolar lavage) cultures collected at least one month apart over the previous 12 months prior to baseline assessment positive for Burkholderia spp. (minimum of 2 positive cultures), and
    • At least one positive sputum (or bronchoalveolar lavage) culture (obtained at any point in time) confirmed to be Burkholderia spp. by the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation (CFF) Burkholderia cepacia Research Laboratory and Repository at the University of Michigan (or equivalent Canadian reference laboratory).
  4. Concomitant aerosolized antibiotic treatment: subjects receiving intermittent (alternating month on/month off) aerosolized antibiotic treatment were eligible, but must have been at least 1 week into their off-treatment cycle at the time of baseline assessment. Subjects receiving continuous aerosolized antibiotic treatment were eligible without restriction on their aerosolized antibiotic treatment.
  5. Chest radiograph, computed tomography (CT), or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (most recent, obtained within 90 days of screening) without significant acute findings (eg, infiltrates [lobar or diffuse interstitial], pleural effusion, pneumothorax), and no significant intercurrent illness; chronic, stable findings (eg, chronic scarring or atelectasis) were allowed.
  6. Subjects (and parent/guardian as required) must have been able to provide written informed consent/assent prior to any study-related procedures,
  7. Ability to perform reproducible pulmonary function tests
  8. Sexually active females of childbearing potential must have agreed to use a highly effective method of contraception during heterosexual intercourse throughout the study period and for 30 days following discontinuation of study drug. A highly effective method of birth control was defined as a method that would result in a low failure rate (ie, less than 1% per year) when used consistently and correctly, such as implants, injectables, combined oral contraceptives, some intrauterine devices (IUDs), or a vasectomized partner.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Administration of any investigational drug or use of any investigational device within 28 days of randomization/baseline and within six half-lives of the investigational drug (whichever is longer)
  2. Administration of AZLI treatment within the 28 days prior to randomization/baseline
  3. Known local or systemic hypersensitivity to monobactam antibiotics
  4. History of lung transplantation
  5. Abnormal renal or hepatic function results at most recent test within the previous 90 days, defined as:

    • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) > 5 times the upper limit of the normal range (ULN)
    • Serum creatinine > 2 times ULN
  6. Known portal hypertension or complications of CF hepatopathy
  7. Positive urine pregnancy test (confirmed by serum pregnancy test) at screening; all women of childbearing potential were tested
  8. Any female of childbearing potential who was lactating or not practicing a highly effective method of birth control as defined in the protocol
  9. Any serious or active medical or psychiatric illness which, in the opinion of the investigator, would have interfered with subject treatment, assessment or compliance with the protocol
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01059565

  Show 35 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Gilead Sciences
Investigators
Study Director: Mark Bresnik, MD Gilead Sciences
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Gilead Sciences
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01059565     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: GS-US-205-0127
Study First Received: January 28, 2010
Results First Received: March 8, 2013
Last Updated: February 7, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Gilead Sciences:
Cystic Fibrosis
Aztreonam Lysine
lung infection
Burkholderia
CFQ-R
inhaled antibiotic

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Burkholderia Infections
Communicable Diseases
Cystic Fibrosis
Fibrosis
Infection
Bacterial Infections
Digestive System Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections
Infant, Newborn, Diseases
Lung Diseases
Pancreatic Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Aztreonam
Pharmaceutical Solutions
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Pharmacologic Actions
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 21, 2014