Study to Evaluate the Safety and Immunogenicity of Poly ICLC (Hiltonol) in Healthy Volunteers

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Rockefeller University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01012700
First received: November 11, 2009
Last updated: March 27, 2014
Last verified: March 2014
  Purpose

Vaccines induce protective immunity against numerous infectious diseases. However, current vaccines have limited efficacy against challenging infections like tuberculosis, malaria and HIV. Protein vaccines are safe but, typically, they induce weak T cell immunity when administered alone. Therefore, special attention is being given to adjuvants, which are enhancers of immunity, that mature antigen presenting immunostimulatory dendritic cells (DCs). Our goal is to study in humans the mechanism whereby synthetic adjuvants, acting on defined pattern recognition receptors (PRR), enhance T and B cell immunity. In preclinical studies, the investigators' laboratory has found in mice that poly IC and its analog poly ICLC are superior adjuvants for T cell mediated immunity relative to other agonists for PRR. In this study the investigators propose to study the safety and the innate immune responses to poly ICLC in multiple blood cell types, including three different subsets of DCs when administered subcutaneously or intranasally to healthy volunteers. Poly ICLC is a stabilized double stranded RNA which has been extensively studied in humans with a favorable safety profile.


Condition Intervention Phase
Healthy Volunteers
Drug: Hiltonol (poly ICLC)
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: A Randomized, Placebo-controlled, Phase I Study to Evaluate the Safety and Immunogenicity of Poly ICLC (Hiltonol) in Healthy Volunteers

Further study details as provided by Rockefeller University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To evaluate the safety of a single dose of 2mg of poly ICLC (Hiltonol) administered to healthy volunteers. [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To evaluate the innate immune responses to poly ICLC in multiple blood cell types in addition to whole PBMCs and three different subsets of dendritic cells after administration to healthy volunteers at different timepoints of administration. [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 24
Study Start Date: November 2009
Study Completion Date: April 2010
Primary Completion Date: April 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
No Intervention: intranasal or IV
Each study group consists of 12 volunteers randomized in a 2:1 ratio to receive poly ICLC or placebo: in group 1, 8 volunteers will be administered poly ICLC and 4 volunteers will be administered placebo, subcutaneously; and in group 2, 8 volunteers will be administered poly ICLC and 4 volunteers will be administered placebo, intranasally. A total of up to 24 volunteers will be enrolled in the study.
Active Comparator: Hiltonol (poly ICLC)
Each study group consists of 12 volunteers randomized in a 2:1 ratio to receive poly ICLC or placebo: in group 1, 8 volunteers will be administered poly ICLC and 4 volunteers will be administered placebo, subcutaneously; and in group 2, 8 volunteers will be administered poly ICLC and 4 volunteers will be administered placebo, intranasally. A total of up to 24 volunteers will be enrolled in the study.
Drug: Hiltonol (poly ICLC)
2 mg administered subcutaneously or intranasally to healthy volunteers

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Healthy adult males and females, as assessed by a medical history, physical exam, and laboratory tests
  2. Age of at least 18 years on the day of screening and no greater than 60 years at time of drug/placebo administration
  3. Willing to comply with the requirements of the protocol and available for follow-up for the planned duration of the study (screening plus 4 weeks)
  4. In the opinion of the principal investigator or designee, has understood the information provided. Written informed consent needs to be given before any study-related procedures are performed
  5. Willing to undergo HIV testing and counseling, and receive HIV test results
  6. If a sexually active male, willing to use an effective method of contraception (condoms, anatomical sterility) throughout the study period and will be advised not to get his partner pregnant for 6 weeks after study drug administration
  7. Females of child-bearing potential must agree to use one of the following methods of contraception for 2 weeks prior to date of screening evaluation through 6 weeks after study drug administration:

    • Be surgically sterile Be abstinent (or willing to be)
    • Use oral contraceptives, or other form of hormonal birth control including hormonal vaginal rings or transdermal patches
    • Use an intra-uterine device (IUD)
    • Use (by ensuring her male partner(s) uses) barrier contraception (condom) with spermicide
    • Any other equivalent (as judged by the investigative team) methods of contraception

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Any clinically significant abnormality on history or examination including history of immunodeficiency or autoimmune disease; use of systemic corticosteroids, immunosuppressive, anticancer, or other medications considered significant by the trial physician within the last 6 months
  2. Confirmed HIV-1 or HIV-2 infection
  3. A medical history that includes any chronic medical problem that requires daily topical nasal medications, prior nasal or sinus surgery (including trans-nasal approaches of other organs such as pituitary, allergic rhinitis, chronic sinusitis, or any other nasal inflammatory disease that requires daily intranasal or oral medication)
  4. A medical history that includes any chronic pulmonary conditions including but not limited to asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and chronic bronchitis
  5. Any clinically significant acute or chronic medical conditions requiring care of a physician (e.g., diabetes, coronary artery disease, rheumatologic illness, malignancy, substance abuse) that in the opinion of the investigator would preclude participation
  6. Any laboratory value outside of reference range, with the exception of any non-clinically significant Grade 1 elevations of liver function tests (AST, ALT, direct/total bilirubin), CBC, as determined by the Principal Investigator or her designee
  7. Confirmed diagnosis of hepatitis B (surface antigen, HbsAg); hepatitis C (HCV antibodies) or active syphilis
  8. If female, pregnant, planning a pregnancy during the trial period or lactating
  9. Receipt of a live attenuated vaccine within 30 days or other vaccine within 14 days of poly ICLC administration
  10. Receipt of blood transfusion or blood products 6 months prior to drug administration
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01012700

Locations
United States, New York
The Rockefeller University
New York, New York, United States, 10065
Sponsors and Collaborators
Rockefeller University
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Marina Caskey, MD Instructor in Clinical Investigation
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Rockefeller University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01012700     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MAC-0682
Study First Received: November 11, 2009
Last Updated: March 27, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Poly ICLC
Interferon Inducers
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 15, 2014