Gemcitabine Hydrochloride and Docetaxel With or Without Bevacizumab in Treating Patients With Advanced or Recurrent Uterine Leiomyosarcoma

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01012297
First received: November 12, 2009
Last updated: July 28, 2014
Last verified: June 2014
  Purpose

This randomized phase III trial is studying gemcitabine hydrochloride, docetaxel, and bevacizumab to see how well they work compared with gemcitabine hydrochloride, docetaxel, and a placebo in treating patients with advanced or recurrent uterine leiomyosarcoma. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as gemcitabine hydrochloride and docetaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Monoclonal antibodies, such as bevacizumab, can block tumor growth in different ways. Some block the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Others find tumor cells and help kill them or carry tumor-killing substances to them. Bevacizumab may also stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking blood flow to the tumor. It is not yet known whether gemcitabine hydrochloride and docetaxel are more effective when given with or without bevacizumab in treating uterine leiomyosarcoma.


Condition Intervention Phase
Recurrent Uterine Sarcoma
Stage IIIA Uterine Sarcoma
Stage IIIB Uterine Sarcoma
Stage IIIC Uterine Sarcoma
Stage IVA Uterine Sarcoma
Stage IVB Uterine Sarcoma
Uterine Leiomyosarcoma
Other: placebo
Biological: bevacizumab
Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride
Drug: docetaxel
Biological: filgrastim
Biological: pegfilgrastim
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Phase III Evaluation of Docetaxel (NSC #628503) and Gemcitabine (NSC #613327) Plus G-CSF With Bevacizumab (NSC #704865) Versus Docetaxel (NSC #628503) and Gemcitabine (NSC #613327) Plus G-CSF With Placebo in the Treatment of Recurrent or Advanced Leiomyosarcoma of the Uterus

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Duration of progression-free survival [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Assessed with a log-rank test stratified by whether the patient had whole pelvic radiotherapy prior to starting the study treatment. The product-limit method will be used to estimate the cumulative distribution of PFS for the patients assigned to each treatment group.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Duration of overall survival [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The product-limit method will be used to estimate the cumulative distribution of overall survival times for the patients assigned to each treatment group.

  • Response as measured by RECIST 1.1 criteria [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Frequency and severity of adverse effects as assessed by the CTCAE version 4.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Adverse events (AEs) that are considered to be at least possibly attributable to the study treatment will be tabulated by Version 4.0 of CTCAE major category. For the purpose of the final analyses, non-hematologic AEs will be dichotomized by CTCAE Grade 3 or worse and hematologic toxicities will be dichotomized by CTCAE Grade 4 or worse.


Estimated Enrollment: 130
Study Start Date: November 2009
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm I
Patients receive a placebo IV over 30-90 minutes on day 1, gemcitabine hydrochloride IV over 90 minutes on days 1 and 8, and docetaxel IV over 60 minutes on day 8. Patients also receive filgrastim subcutaneously (SC) on days 9-15 or pegfilgrastim SC on day 9 or 10.
Other: placebo
Given IV
Other Name: PLCB
Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • dFdC
  • difluorodeoxycytidine hydrochloride
  • gemcitabine
  • Gemzar
Drug: docetaxel
Given IV
Other Names:
  • RP 56976
  • Taxotere
  • TXT
Biological: filgrastim
Given SC
Other Names:
  • G-CSF
  • Neupogen
Biological: pegfilgrastim
Given SC
Other Names:
  • Filgrastim SD-01
  • GCSF-SD01
  • Neulasta
  • SD-01 sustained duration G-CSF
Experimental: Arm II
Patients receive bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes on day 1, gemcitabine hydrochloride IV over 90 minutes on days 1 and 8, and docetaxel IV over 60 minutes on day 8. Patients also receive filgrastim SC on days 9-15 or pegfilgrastim SC on day 9 or 10.
Biological: bevacizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • anti-VEGF humanized monoclonal antibody
  • anti-VEGF monoclonal antibody
  • Avastin
  • rhuMAb VEGF
Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • dFdC
  • difluorodeoxycytidine hydrochloride
  • gemcitabine
  • Gemzar
Drug: docetaxel
Given IV
Other Names:
  • RP 56976
  • Taxotere
  • TXT
Biological: filgrastim
Given SC
Other Names:
  • G-CSF
  • Neupogen
Biological: pegfilgrastim
Given SC
Other Names:
  • Filgrastim SD-01
  • GCSF-SD01
  • Neulasta
  • SD-01 sustained duration G-CSF

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine whether the addition of bevacizumab to fixed-dose rate gemcitabine-docetaxel reduces the progression-free survival (PFS) event rate when compared to gemcitabine-docetaxel plus placebo in patients with advanced or recurrent uterine leiomyosarcoma (LMS).

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the objective response rate, as measured by RECIST, of patients treated with fixed-dose rate gemcitabine-docetaxel with bevacizumab, compared with the objective response rate of patients treated with fixed-dose rate gemcitabine-docetaxel with placebo.

II. To determine if the addition of bevacizumab to the combination of gemcitabine and docetaxel increases overall survival in patients with advanced or recurrent uterine LMS.

III. To determine the toxicity profile of fixed-dose rate gemcitabine-docetaxel with and without bevacizumab in this patient population.

IV. To bank formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tumor tissue for research.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to prior whole-pelvic radiotherapy (yes vs no). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

ARM I: Patients receive a placebo IV over 30-90 minutes on day 1, gemcitabine hydrochloride IV over 90 minutes on days 1 and 8, and docetaxel IV over 60 minutes on day 8. Patients also receive filgrastim subcutaneously (SC) on days 9-15 or pegfilgrastim SC on day 9 or 10.

ARM II: Patients receive bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes on day 1, gemcitabine hydrochloride IV over 90 minutes on days 1 and 8, and docetaxel IV over 60 minutes on day 8. Patients also receive filgrastim SC on days 9-15 or pegfilgrastim SC on day 9 or 10.

In both arms, courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 2 years and then every 6 months for 3 years.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have advanced or recurrent uterine leiomyosarcoma with documented disease progression; histologic confirmation of the original primary tumor is required
  • All patients must have measurable disease as defined by RECIST 1.1; measurable disease is defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded); each lesion must be >= 10 mm when measured by CT, MRI or caliper measurement by clinical exam; or >= 20 mm when measured by chest x-ray; lymph nodes must be >= 15 mm in short axis when measured by CT or MRI
  • Patient must have at least one "target lesion" to be used to assess response on this protocol as defined by RECIST 1.1; tumors within a previously irradiated field will be designated as "non-target" lesions unless progression is documented or a biopsy is obtained to confirm persistence at least 90 days following completion of radiation therapy
  • Patients must have a GOG Performance Status of 0, 1, or 2
  • Patients must have recovered from effects of recent surgery, radiotherapy or other therapy
  • Patients should be free of active infection requiring antibiotics (with the exception of an uncomplicated UTI)
  • Any hormonal therapy directed at the malignant tumor must be discontinued at least one week prior to first day of study treatment; continuation of hormone replacement therapy is permitted
  • Platelet count greater than or equal to 100,000/mm^3
  • ANC count greater than or equal to 1,500/mm^3
  • Creatinine less than or equal to 1.5 x institutional upper limit normal (ULN), per NCI CTCAE Version 4.0 Grade 1
  • Bilirubin within normal range (CTCAE Version 4 Grade 0)
  • SGOT and alkaline phosphatase less than or equal to 2.5 x ULN, per the CTCAE Version 4.0 Grade 1)
  • SGOT less than or equal to 2.5 x ULN, per the CTCAE Version 4.0 Grade 1
  • Alkaline phosphatase less than or equal to 2.5 x ULN, per the CTCAE Version 4.0 Grade 1
  • Neuropathy (sensory and motor) less than or equal to Grade 1 per the CTCAE Version 4.0.
  • No history of transient ischemic attack (TIA) or stroke or CNS hemorrhage within the past 6 months
  • Urine protein creatinine (UPC) ratio must be < 1.0 gm; if UPC ratio >= 1, collection of 24-hour urine measurement of urine protein is recommended
  • PT such that international normalized ratio (INR) is =< 1.5 and a PTT =< 1.5 times the institutional upper limit of normal (or an in-therapeutic-range INR, usually between 2 and 3, if a patient is on a stable dose of therapeutic warfarin)
  • Patients must have signed an approved informed consent and authorization permitting release of personal health information
  • Patients must meet pre-entry requirements
  • Patients of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test prior to the study entry and be practicing an effective form of contraception

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have received prior cytotoxic chemotherapy for management of uterine sarcoma; patients who have received prior VEGF-pathway targeted agent such as bevacizumab, PTK787, VEGF-trap, or who have received prior treatment with a multi-kinase inhibitor such as sorafenib or sunitinib are not eligible
  • Patients who have had prior therapy with docetaxel or gemcitabine or bevacizumab
  • Patients with a history of other invasive malignancies, with the exceptions of non-melanoma skin cancer, carcinoma in situ of the cervix, and ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast, are excluded if there is any evidence of other malignancy being present within the last five years; patients are also excluded if their previous cancer treatment contraindicates this protocol therapy
  • Patients with active bleeding or pathologic conditions that carry high risk of bleeding, such as known bleeding disorder, coagulopathy, or tumor involving major vessels; (necessary use of warfarin or low molecular weight heparin is permitted, provided the INR is maintained in the therapeutic range of approximately 2-3)
  • Patients with major surgery or significant traumatic injury within 28 days prior to study entry
  • Patients with a history of abdominal fistula or perforation within the past 12 months
  • Patients with a current, serious, non-healing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture
  • Patients with history or evidence upon physical examination of CNS disease, including history of primary brain tumor, or any history of brain metastases, or seizures not controlled with standard medical therapy
  • Patients with known hypersensitivity to Chinese hamster ovary cell products or other recombinant human or humanized antibodies
  • Cardiovascular function; specifically, patient may not have:

    • Uncontrolled hypertension, defined as systolic > 150 mm Hg or diastolic > 100 mm Hg in a patient with no history of hypertension; patients with a history of hypertension before enrollment on study are permitted, but such patients must have BP less than or equal to 140/90 mmHg; use of blood pressure medications to achieve and maintain blood pressure control is permitted
    • Myocardial infarction or unstable angina within 6 months of the first date of bevacizumab/placebo therapy
    • New York Heart Association (NYHA) Grade II or greater congestive heart failure or serious cardiac arrhythmia requiring medication; women who have received prior treatment with an anthracycline (including doxorubicin and/or liposomal doxorubicin) and have an ejection fraction < 50% will be excluded from the study
    • Grade 1, Category 2 or greater, peripheral vascular disease; patient cannot have anything worse than mild, symptomatic claudication with exercise
    • History of cerebrovascular accident (CVA, stroke), transient ischemic attack (TIA) or subarachnoid hemorrhage within six months of the first date of bevacizumab/placebo therapy
    • History of pulmonary embolism or deep vein thrombosis in the past 6 months
  • Patients with, or with anticipation of, invasive procedures as defined below:

    • Major surgical procedure, open biopsy or significant traumatic injury within 28 days prior to the first date of bevacizumab/placebo therapy
    • Major surgical procedure anticipated during the course of the study.
    • Minor surgical procedures (i.e., mediport insertion), fine needle aspirates, or core biopsies within 7 days prior to the first date of bevacizumab/placebo therapy
  • Patients who are pregnant or nursing
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01012297

  Show 205 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Martee Hensley Gynecologic Oncology Group
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01012297     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2010-01738, NCI-2010-01738, CDR0000659024, GOG-0250, GOG-0250, U10CA027469
Study First Received: November 12, 2009
Last Updated: July 28, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leiomyosarcoma
Sarcoma
Neoplasms, Muscle Tissue
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Antibodies
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Gemcitabine
Lenograstim
Docetaxel
Bevacizumab
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Radiation-Sensitizing Agents
Adjuvants, Immunologic
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Angiogenesis Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 31, 2014