A Study of Cisplatin + Pemetrexed + Avastin as First-Line Therapy in Patients With Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma (NSCLC)

This study has been terminated.
(Poor enrollment)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mark Stoopler, Columbia University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00998166
First received: October 14, 2009
Last updated: September 10, 2013
Last verified: September 2013
  Purpose

In the past, patients with advanced lung cancer who were inoperable underwent chemotherapy with one or more chemotherapeutic agents. More recently, novel new agents targeting specific enzymes or pathways responsible for cell division have been developed and clinicians have begun to utilize various combinations of these drugs with standard chemotherapeutic agents for the treatment of NSCLC. Some of these approaches have demonstrated a small but significant increase in survival among patients with advanced disease. Because a recently completed Phase 3 study of bevacizumab + Taxol/Carboplatin in first line NSCLC therapy demonstrated a 23% improvement in median survival, it would be appealing to see if a regimen of bevacizumab/ cisplatin/Alimta would also demonstrate a similar, or perhaps better, response rate.


Condition Intervention Phase
Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Drug: Pemetrexed, Cisplatin, Bevacizumab
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2 Study of Cisplatin + Pemetrexed + Avastin as First-Line Therapy in Patients With Advanced Non-Squamous, Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Columbia University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Progression free survival [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Objective response rate [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 4
Study Start Date: June 2007
Study Completion Date: October 2012
Primary Completion Date: October 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Pemetrexed, Cisplatin, Bevacizumab
Chemotherapy infusion on Day 1 of a 3-week cycle
Drug: Pemetrexed, Cisplatin, Bevacizumab
  1. Pre-hydration for 1-1/2 hours at 250 ml/hour
  2. Pemetrexed 500 mg/m2 IV over 10 minutes
  3. Return to hydration for 30 minutes at 250 ml/hour
  4. Cisplatin 75mg/m2 IV over 60-120 minutes
  5. Bevacizumab 15mg/kg IV over 90 minutes

Detailed Description:

The majority of patients with NSCLC present with inoperable locally advanced or metastatic disease for which no curative therapy is available. For these patients, platinum based doublet combination regimens have become standard of care due to increased survival rates over platinum therapy alone.

In order to try to improve on the overall survival, clinicians have attempted to add a third cytotoxic agent to their standard regimen(s). Although this approach demonstrated an improved objective response, no additional benefit was noted in overall survival.

Recent development and approval of new targeted chemotherapies during the past 10 years has prompted clinical trials to test the efficacy of newly FDA approved agents such as gefitinib, erlotinib, and bevacizumab in advanced NSCLC.

Although gefitinib and erlotinib have both demonstrated clinical activity in refractory NSCLC, neither agent improved clinical outcome when added to standard 1st line platinum based chemotherapy. In contrast, a recently completed randomized Phase 3 trial investigating the addition of bevacizumab to 1st line paclitaxel plus carboplatin chemotherapy reported a 23% improvement in the median overall survival for the paclitaxel/carboplatin plus bevacizumab treatment arm (12.5m vs. 10.2m; p=0.007). It is therefore appealing to study a cisplatin combination with bevacizumab to determine if there is any additive benefit. Pemetrexed is an ideal agent to use in combination with cisplatin since it is well tolerated and efficacy is comparable to other cisplatin combinations. Patients will receive a maximum of 6 cycles. Those who complete 1 cycle will be evaluated for toxicity; more than 1 cycle, response.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Have stage IIIB (malignant pleural or pericardial effusion) or stage IV disease.
  • Be chemotherapy naïve.
  • Have measurable disease by RECIST, defined as at least 1 lesion that can be accurately measured in at least 1 dimension as >20 mm with conventional techniques or >10 mm with spiral CT scan; the longest diameter is to be recorded.
  • Are 18 years of age or older.
  • Have a life expectancy greater than 3 months.
  • Have an ECOG performance status of 0 or 1.
  • Are able to provide written informed consent in accordance with all applicable regulations and follow the study procedures. Patients must be capable of understanding the investigational nature, potential risks and benefits of the study.
  • The ability to interrupt NSAIDS 2 days before (5 days for long-acting NSAIDs), the day of, and 2 days following administration of Alimta and the ability to take folic acid, Vitamin B12 and dexamethasone according to protocol.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Have had prior chemotherapy (or an EGFR TKI) for treatment of advanced disease
  • Intrathoracic lung carcinoma of squamous cell histology

    • Mixed tumors will be categorized by the predominant cell type unless small cell elements are present, in which case the patient is ineligible; sputum cytology alone is not acceptable. Patients with extrathoracic-only squamous cell NSCLC are eligible. Patients with only peripheral lung lesions (of any NSCLC histology) will also be eligible (a peripheral lesion is defined as a lesion in which the epicenter of the tumor is ≤ 2 cm from the costal or diaphragmatic pleura in a three-dimensional orientation based on each lobe of the lung and is > 2 cm from the trachea, main, and lobar bronchi).

  • History of hemoptysis (bright red blood of 1/2 teaspoon or more per episode) within 1 month prior to study enrollment.
  • Current, ongoing treatment with full-dose warfarin or its equivalent (i.e., unfractionated and/or low molecular weight heparin).
  • Current or recent (within 10 days of enrollment) use of aspirin (>325 mg/day) or chronic use of other NSAIDs.
  • Cardiovascular concerns:

    • Blood pressure of >150/100 mmHg
    • Unstable angina within 6 months prior to Day 1
    • New York Heart Association (NYHA) Grade II or greater congestive heart failure (see Appendix E)
    • History of myocardial infarction within 6 months
    • History of stroke within 6 months
    • Clinically significant peripheral vascular disease
    • Significant vascular disease (e.g., aortic aneurysm, requiring surgical repair or recent peripheral arterial thrombosis) within 6 months prior to Day 1.
  • Have had radiation therapy within 2 weeks prior to enrollment.
  • Major surgical procedure, open biopsy, or significant traumatic injury within 28 days prior to Day 0, anticipation of need for major surgical procedure during the course of the study.
  • Minor surgical procedures such as fine needle aspirations or core biopsies within 7 days prior to Day 0.
  • History of abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation, or intra-abdominal abscess within 6 months prior to Day 1.
  • Serious, non-healing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture.
  • Have inadequate organ function at the Screening visit as defined by the following laboratory values:

    • Platelet count <100 x 109/L
    • Hemoglobin <9.0 g/dL
    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) <1.5 x109/L
    • INR ≥1.5 within 1 week prior to randomization
    • Creatinine clearance (Cockroft-Gault) < 50ml/min
    • Urine protein:creatinine ratio ≥1.0 at screening
    • Aspartate transaminase (AST) >2.5 times the upper limit of the normal range (ULN)
    • Alanine transaminase (ALT) >2.5 times ULN
    • Total bilirubin >1.5 times ULN or ≥5 times ULN in patients with liver metastases
  • Known CNS disease, except for treated brain metastasis

    • Treated brain metastases are defined as having no evidence of progression or hemorrhage after treatment and no ongoing requirement for dexamethasone, as ascertained by clinical examination and brain imaging (MRI or CT) during the screening period. Anticonvulsants (stable dose) are allowed. Treatment for brain metastases may include whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT), radiosurgery (RS; Gamma Knife, LINAC, or equivalent) or a combination as deemed appropriate by the treating physician. Patients with CNS metastases treated by neurosurgical resection or brain biopsy performed within 3 months prior to Day 1 will be excluded.

  • Evidence of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy (in the absence of therapeutic anticoagulation).
  • Have uncontrolled active systemic infection requiring treatment.
  • Have had treatment for a cancer other than NSCLC within 5 years prior to enrollment, with the exception of basal cell carcinoma or cervical cancer in situ.
  • Have known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive or hepatitis B surface antigen-positive status or known active hepatitis C infection. Patients assessed by the investigator to be at risk for HIV, hepatitis B or C infection should be tested in accordance with local regulations.
  • Are a pregnant or breast-feeding female. Confirmation that the patient is not pregnant must be established by a negative serum Beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) pregnancy test result obtained during the Screening Period. Pregnancy testing is not required for post-menopausal or surgically sterilized women.
  • Are unwilling to employ adequate means of contraception (condoms, diaphragm, birth control pills, injections, intrauterine device, or abstinence).
  • Are currently receiving or have previously received an investigational agent for any reason within 4 weeks of enrollment.
  • Presence of third space fluid which cannot be controlled by drainage.
  • Inability to comply with study and/or follow-up procedures.
  • Prior history of hypertensive crisis or hypertensive encephalopathy.
  • History of stroke or transient ischemic attack within 6 months prior to Day 1.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00998166

Locations
United States, New York
North Shore University Hospital
Lake Success, New York, United States, 11042
Columbia University Medical Center
New York, New York, United States, 10032
Sponsors and Collaborators
Columbia University
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Mark Stoopler, MD Columbia University
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Mark Stoopler, Associate Clinical Professor, Columbia University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00998166     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: AAAB9652
Study First Received: October 14, 2009
Last Updated: September 10, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Columbia University:
NSCLC

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Lung Neoplasms
Bronchial Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Lung Diseases
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Bevacizumab
Cisplatin
Pemetrexed
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Antimetabolites
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Folic Acid Antagonists
Growth Inhibitors
Growth Substances
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Radiation-Sensitizing Agents
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 23, 2014