Donor Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplant and Pretargeted Radioimmunotherapy in Treating Patients With High-Risk Advanced Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, or Myelodysplastic Syndrome

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified August 2014 by Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00988715
First received: October 1, 2009
Last updated: August 4, 2014
Last verified: August 2014
  Purpose

This phase I trial studies pretargeted radioimmunotherapy and donor peripheral blood stem cell transplant employing fludarabine phosphate and total-body irradiation (TBI) to treat patients with high-risk acute myeloid leukemia, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, or myelodysplastic syndrome. Giving chemotherapy drugs, such as fludarabine phosphate, and TBI before a donor peripheral blood stem cell transplant helps stop the patient's immune system from rejecting the donor's stem cells. Radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies can be combined with fludarabine phosphate and TBI to find cancer cells and kill them without harming normal cells. Pretargeted radioimmunotherapy (PRIT) allows for further improved targeting of tumor cells over standard directly labeled antibodies.


Condition Intervention Phase
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With 11q23 (MLL) Abnormalities
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Del(5q)
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Inv(16)(p13;q22)
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(15;17)(q22;q12)
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(16;16)(p13;q22)
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(8;21)(q22;q22)
Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia
Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferative Neoplasm, Unclassifiable
Previously Treated Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Recurrent Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Recurrent Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Refractory Anemia With Excess Blasts
Refractory Cytopenia With Multilineage Dysplasia
Secondary Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Biological: pretargeted radioimmunotherapy
Drug: cyclosporine
Drug: mycophenolate mofetil
Radiation: total-body irradiation
Procedure: nonmyeloablative allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
Procedure: peripheral blood stem cell transplantation
Drug: fludarabine phosphate
Other: pharmacological study
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Patients With High-Risk Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML), Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL), or Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS) Using Radiolabeled DOTA-Biotin Pretargeted by BC8 Antibody-Streptavidin Conjugate

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Incidence of dose-limiting toxicities (DLT) (Grade III/IV Bearman) to determine MTD of radiation delivered to normal organ by pretargeted 90Y-DOTA-biotin [ Time Frame: Within 100 days post-transplant ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Conducted by the "two-stage" approach introduced by Storer. The MTD will be defined as the dose of 90Y-DOTA-biotin used in combination with the non-myeloablative HCT conditioning regimen that is associated with a Grade III/IV regimen related toxicity (RRT) or true DLT rate of 25%.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Rates of engraftment, chimerism, and non-relapse mortality [ Time Frame: Days 28 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Chimerism testing methods will be in accordance with Standard Practice Guidelines, with timing consistent with other non-myeloablative transplant protocols. Mixed or full donor chimerism will be evidence of donor engraftment. Full Chimerism is defined as > 95% donor CD3+ T cells and mixed chimerism is the detection of peripheral blood donor T cells (CD3+) and granulocytes (CD33+) as a proportion of the total peripheral blood T cell and granulocyte population, respectively. The true rate of graft rejection exceeds must be less than 20%.

  • Rates of engraftment, chimerism, and non-relapse mortality [ Time Frame: Day 84 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Chimerism testing methods will be in accordance with Standard Practice Guidelines, with timing consistent with other non-myeloablative transplant protocols. Mixed or full donor chimerism will be evidence of donor engraftment. Full Chimerism is defined as > 95% donor CD3+ T cells and mixed chimerism is the detection of peripheral blood donor T cells (CD3+) and granulocytes (CD33+) as a proportion of the total peripheral blood T cell and granulocyte population, respectively. The true rate of graft rejection exceeds must be less than 20%.

  • Rate of grades III-IV acute GVHD [ Time Frame: At day +100 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Graded according to the established criteria at the FHCRC.

  • Achievement and duration of response [ Time Frame: Up to 24 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Complete remission is defined as complete resolution of all signs of myelodysplasia or leukemia for at least four weeks with normal bone marrow with blasts < 5% with normal cellularity, normal megakaryopoiesis, more than 15% erythropoiesis, and more than 25% granulocytopoiesis; normalization of blood counts; and no extramedullary disease. Partial remission is defined as improvement of hematological parameters in the peripheral blood and 50% decline in marrow blasts from pre-transplant level with > 10% erythropoiesis and 25% granulocytopoiesis.


Estimated Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: April 2010
Estimated Primary Completion Date: October 2019 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment (PRIT, transplant)
Patients undergo pretargeted radioimmunotherapy comprising a test dose of BC8-SA conjugate IV on day -22 and 111In-DOTA-biotin IV on day -20, followed by a therapy dose of BC8-SA conjugate IV on day -14 and 90Y-DOTA-biotin IV on day -12. Patients receive fludarabine phosphate IV on days -4 to -2. Patients undergo TBI and then peripheral blood stem cell transplant on day 0. Patients with matched related donors receive cyclosporine IV on days -3 to 56 and taper to day 180 and mycophenolate mofetil PO BID on days 0-27. Patients with matched unrelated donors receive cyclosporine IV on days -3 to 100 and taper to day 180 and mycophenolate mofetil PO TID on days 0-40 and taper to day 96.
Biological: pretargeted radioimmunotherapy
Antibody-streptavidin conjugate and radiolabeled DOTA-biotin, each given IV
Drug: cyclosporine
Given IV
Other Names:
  • ciclosporin
  • cyclosporin
  • cyclosporin A
  • CYSP
  • Sandimmune
Drug: mycophenolate mofetil
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Cellcept
  • MMF
Radiation: total-body irradiation
Undergo total-body irradiation
Other Name: TBI
Procedure: nonmyeloablative allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
Undergo peripheral blood stem cell transplant
Procedure: peripheral blood stem cell transplantation
Undergo peripheral blood stem cell transplant
Other Names:
  • PBPC transplantation
  • PBSC transplantation
  • peripheral blood progenitor cell transplantation
  • transplantation, peripheral blood stem cell
Drug: fludarabine phosphate
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 2-F-ara-AMP
  • Beneflur
  • Fludara
Other: pharmacological study
Correlative studies
Other Name: pharmacological studies

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To estimate the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of radiation delivered via PRIT using BC8-SA (BC8 antibody-streptavidin conjugate) when combined with fludarabine (FLU), 2 Gy total body irradiation (TBI), cyclosporine (CSP), mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), and allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) in patients who have advanced acute myeloid leukemia (AML), acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), or high risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS).

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To estimate rates of immune reconstitution, engraftment, and donor chimerism resulting from this combined preparative regimen.

II. To estimate rates of disease relapse, acute graft-versus-host disease (GvHD), and day-100 disease-free survival in patients receiving PRIT using BC8-SA combined with FLU, 2 Gy TBI, CSP, MMF, and allogeneic HCT.

III. To assess biodistribution, serum half-life, urinary excretion, tissue localization, and clearance of BC8-SA conjugate and DOTA-biotin.

IV. To assess the feasibility of yttrium y 90 (90Y)-DOTA-biotin to bind to BC8-SA conjugate localized to hematolymphoid tissues.

OUTLINE:

Patients undergo pretargeted radioimmunotherapy comprising a test dose of BC8-SA conjugate intravenously (IV) on day -22 and indium In 111(111In)-DOTA-biotin IV on day -20, followed by a therapy dose of BC8-SA conjugate IV on day -14 and 90Y-DOTA-biotin IV on day -12. Patients receive fludarabine phosphate IV on days -4 to -2. Patients undergo TBI and then peripheral blood stem cell transplantation on day 0. Patients with matched related donors receive cyclosporine IV on days -3 to 56 and taper to day 180 and mycophenolate mofetil orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 0-27. Patients with matched unrelated donors receive cyclosporine IV on days -3 to 100 and taper to day 180 and mycophenolate mofetil PO thrice daily (TID) on days 0-40 and taper to day 96.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 6, 9, 12, 18, and 24 months, and then periodically thereafter.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with advanced AML or ALL defined as beyond first remission, primary refractory disease, or evolved from myelodysplastic or myeloproliferative syndromes; or patients with MDS expressed as refractory anemia with excess blasts (RAEB), refractory cytopenia with multilineage dysplasia (RCMD), RCMD with ringed sideroblasts (RCMD-RS), or chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML)
  • Patients not in remission must have CD45-expressing leukemic blasts; patients in remission do not require phenotyping and may have leukemia previously documented to be CD45 negative (because in remission patients, virtually all antibody binding is to nonmalignant cells which make up >= 95% of nucleated cells in the marrow)
  • Patients should have a circulating blast count of less than 10,000/mm^3 (control with hydroxyurea or similar agent is allowed)
  • Patients must have an estimated creatinine clearance greater than 50/mL per minute (test must be performed within 28 days prior to registration)
  • Bilirubin < 2 times the upper limit of normal
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) < 2 times the upper limit of normal
  • Karnofsky score >= 70 or Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) =< 2
  • Patients must have an expected survival of > 60 days and must be free of active infection
  • Patients must have an human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-identical sibling donor or an HLA-matched unrelated donor who meets standard Seattle Cancer Care Alliance (SCCA) and/or National Marrow Donor Program (NMDP) or other donor center criteria for peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) donation; related donors should be matched by molecular methods at the intermediate resolution level at HLA-A, B, C, and DRB1 according to Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC) Standard Practice Guidelines and to the allele level at DQB1; unrelated donors should be identified using matching criteria that follows the FHCRC standard practice guidelines limiting the study to eligible donors that are allele matched for HLA-A, B, C, DRB1, and DQB1 (Grade 1), and accepting up to one allele mismatch as per standard practice grade 2.1 for HLA-A, B, or C; PBSC is the only permitted stem cell source
  • DONOR: Donors must meet HLA matching criteria as well as standard SCCA and/or NMDP, or other donor center criteria for PBSC donation

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Circulating human anti-mouse antibody (HAMA) or human anti-streptavidin antibody (HASA)
  • Prior radiation to maximally tolerated levels to any critical normal organ
  • Patients may not have symptomatic coronary artery disease and may not be on cardiac medications for anti-arrhythmic or inotropic effects
  • Patients with the following organ dysfunction:

    • Left ventricular ejection fraction < 35%
    • Corrected diffusion capacity of carbon monoxide (DLCO) < 35% and/or receiving supplemental continuous oxygen
    • Liver abnormalities: fulminant liver failure, cirrhosis of the liver with evidence of portal hypertension, alcoholic hepatitis, esophageal varices, hepatic encephalopathy, uncorrectable hepatic synthetic dysfunction as evidenced by prolongation of the prothrombin time, ascites related to portal hypertension, bacterial or fungal liver abscess, biliary obstruction, chronic viral hepatitis, or symptomatic biliary disease
  • Patients who are known seropositive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  • Perceived inability to tolerate diagnostic or therapeutic procedures, particularly treatment in radiation isolation
  • Active central nervous system (CNS) leukemia
  • Women of childbearing potential who are pregnant (beta-human chorionic gonadotropin [b-HCG] +) or breast feeding
  • Fertile men and women unwilling to use contraceptives during and for 12 months post-transplant
  • Patients may not use vitamin supplements containing biotin from the time of 1 week prior to treatment until 1 week after completion of treatment with all PRIT components
  • Inability to understand or give an informed consent
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00988715

Locations
United States, Washington
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium Recruiting
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98109
Contact: John M. Pagel    206-667-1868      
Principal Investigator: John M. Pagel         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Investigators
Principal Investigator: John Pagel Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00988715     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2309.00, NCI-2009-01294, 2309.00, P01CA044991, P30CA015704
Study First Received: October 1, 2009
Last Updated: August 4, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Congenital Abnormalities
Anemia
Anemia, Refractory
Anemia, Refractory, with Excess of Blasts
Neoplasms
Leukemia
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Preleukemia
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute
Myeloproliferative Disorders
Myelodysplastic-Myeloproliferative Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Bone Marrow Diseases
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Precancerous Conditions
Cyclosporins
Cyclosporine
Mycophenolate mofetil
Mycophenolic Acid
Fludarabine phosphate
Vidarabine

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 28, 2014