A Pharmacokinetic Study of Risperidone and Topiramate Administered Alone and in Combination in Patients With Bipolar Disorder or Schizoaffective Disorders

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00986336
First received: September 25, 2009
Last updated: June 8, 2011
Last verified: April 2010
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to assess the potential pharmacokinetic (absorption, distribution and excretion of the drug by the body) interaction between, and the safety of, topiramate and risperidone administered in combination in patients with a history of either bipolar spectrum or schizoaffective (bipolar type) disorders as defined by DSM-IV criteria.


Condition Intervention Phase
Bipolar Disorder
Drug: topiramate
Drug: risperidone
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Comparative Study of the Steady-state Pharmacokinetics of Risperidone and Topiramate on Monotherapy and During Combination Therapy in Patients With Bipolar or Schizoaffective Disorder

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To evaluate the potential pharmacokinetic interaction between topiramate and risperidone in patients with bipolar disorder or schizoaffective disorders. [ Time Frame: At each sampling visit during Periods I, II and III, blood and urine collected pre-morning dose and over a period of 12 hours post-dose. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Assess the safety of multiple doses of topiramate in combination with varying doses of risperidone [ Time Frame: At each sampling visit during Periods I, II and III ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 56
Study Start Date: February 2001
Study Completion Date: November 2002
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 001 Drug: topiramate
2-25 mg tablets twice daily for 2 weeks (100 mg/day)
Experimental: 002 Drug: topiramate
1-25 mg plus 1-100 mg tablet twice daily for 2 weeks (250 mg/day)
Experimental: 003 Drug: topiramate
2-100 mg tablets twice daily for 2 weeks (400 mg/day)
Experimental: 004 Drug: risperidone
Twice daily, individualized dosing to stabilization at 1-6 mg/day.

Detailed Description:

This was an open-label (both the investigator and the patient knew the identity of the study drug), nonrandomized pharmacokinetic (PK) study evaluating the interaction of topiramate and risperidone in patients with bipolar disorder. The study enrolled a sufficient number of patients to obtain 24 completed patients. Patients were men or women aged 18 to 55 years, inclusive, with a diagnosis of Bipolar Spectrum or Schizoaffective Disorder, who were not in the midst of an acute episode, and had not experienced an acute manic, major depressive, or schizoaffective episode for a minimum of 30 days prior to screening (enrollment was monitored to ensure that at least one-third of the study sample was of the same sex.) The study consisted of a screening phase and 3 treatment periods. In Period I, patients were stabilized to a clinically appropriate dose of risperidone within the range of 1 to 6 mg/day, administered in divided doses every 12 hours during a 2- to 3-week period (or longer as clinically necessary). Upon risperidone stabilization, serial blood and urine samples were obtained through 12 hours postdose for estimation of risperidone and its metabolite 9-OH-risperidone (metabolites are formed by metabolism of the drug) concentrations in Period I. In Period II, which lasted up to 6 weeks or longer as clinically necessary, topiramate was gradually escalated to 3 steady-state target doses, while risperidone therapy continued unchanged. There were up to 3 PK sampling periods (days when multiple blood and urine samples are taken to estimate the amount of topiramate and /or risperidone and its metabolite 9-OH-risperidone in blood or urine) when the patient achieved steady state at 100 mg/day topiramate (consistent amount of drug in blood with each dose); when/if the patient achieved steady state at 250 mg/day topiramate or maximum tolerated dose (MTD); and when/if the patient achieved steady state at 400 mg/day topiramate or MTD. During each PK sampling visit in Period II, serial blood and urine samples were obtained through 12 hours postdose for estimation of risperidone, 9-OH risperidone, and topiramate concentrations. In Period III, risperidone was gradually tapered while the 400-mg/day dose (or MTD) of topiramate was maintained. There were 2 PK sampling visits: when patients had attained steady state at a dose of 50% of the maximal risperidone dose reached in Period I; and when risperidone was discontinued for 7 days and patients were maintained on topiramate 400 mg/day or their respective MTD. During each PK sampling visit in Period III, serial blood and urine samples were obtained through 12 hours postdose for estimation of risperidone, 9-OH risperidone, and topiramate concentrations. Period I (risperidone stabilization): risperidone 1-6 mg/day for 2 to 3 weeks. Period II (topiramate dose escalation): topiramate administered for approximately 6 weeks titrated up to 3 potential target doses (100 mg/day, 250 mg/day and 400 mg/day), and risperidone continues unchanged. Period III (risperidone dose reduction): risperidone dose tapered to zero over a 4-week period while topiramate maintained at the target dose of 400 mg/day (or MTD).

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 55 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients meeting DSM-IV criteria for either Bipolar I Disorder, Bipolar II Disorder, Cyclothymic Disorder, Bipolar Disorder NOS, or Schizoaffective Disorder (bipolar type)
  • Patients not in the midst of an acute manic, major depressive, or schizoaffective episode and had not experienced an acute episode within the month prior to screening
  • Women were to be postmenopausal for at least 1 year, or surgically incapable of childbearing, or practicing an acceptable method of birth control (hormonal contraception, intrauterine device, or barrier with spermicide were acceptable) and not pregnant at baseline.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with a history of an acquired or hereditary neurologic disease, e.g., epilepsy or significant brain trauma
  • Patients using prescription medication, including psychotropic medications, within 14 days prior to the first day of Period I with the exception of hormonal contraceptives (women), risperidone, or other medications approved by the sponsor
  • Patients on depot medications (including but not limited to haloperidol decanoate)
  • Patients who had taken acetazolamide, zonisamide, triamterene, dichlorphenamide, chronic antacids, or calcium supplements, or any medication associated with nephrolithiasis in the month prior to beginning TPM titration.
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00986336

Sponsors and Collaborators
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
Investigators
Study Director: Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L. C. Clinical Trial Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Senior Director, Clinical Leader - topiramate, Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research and Development, L.L.C.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00986336     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CR002857
Study First Received: September 25, 2009
Last Updated: June 8, 2011
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.:
topiramate
risperidone, bipolar disorder

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Disease
Bipolar Disorder
Psychotic Disorders
Pathologic Processes
Affective Disorders, Psychotic
Mood Disorders
Mental Disorders
Schizophrenia and Disorders with Psychotic Features
Risperidone
Topiramate
Serotonin Antagonists
Serotonin Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antipsychotic Agents
Tranquilizing Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Central Nervous System Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Psychotropic Drugs
Dopamine Antagonists
Dopamine Agents
Anticonvulsants
Neuroprotective Agents
Protective Agents
Anti-Obesity Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 18, 2014