Argon Laser Peripheral Iridoplasty for Primary Angle Closure Glaucoma (ALPI)

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified November 2009 by Singapore National Eye Centre.
Recruitment status was  Recruiting
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National University Hospital, Singapore
Information provided by:
Singapore National Eye Centre
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00980473
First received: September 18, 2009
Last updated: June 16, 2011
Last verified: November 2009
  Purpose

Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness worldwide. With ageing of the population, glaucoma morbidity will rise, causing increased health care costs and economic burden for a condition in which visual loss, once established, cannot be reversed. In contrast to western countries, primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG) is a major form of glaucoma in Asia. In a recent population based survey in Singapore, the prevalence of glaucoma was 3.2% in the Chinese population over 40. Glaucoma was the leading cause of blindness, with PACG the most visually destructive form of the disease.

Laser iridotomy is the current first line treatment for PACG. It acts by relieving pupil block, which in turn may reduce intraocular pressure (IOP) and prevent progression of glaucoma. However recent data indicate that iridotomy is not successful in controlling IOP in the long term, and the majority of cases develop a clinically significant rise in IOP requiring medical therapy or surgery.

Argon laser peripheral iridoplasty (ALPI) offers a new therapeutic option for PACG. The procedure consists of placing contraction burns in the iris periphery which results in contraction of the iris stroma and opening of the angle.

The proposed study is a 2-centre randomized controlled trial to determine whether ALPI is an effective and safe treatment in the management of PACG. 210 patients with PACG and high IOP (>21 mmHg) following laser iridotomy will be randomized to receive ALPI or medical treatment to achieve IOP control. Subjects will be followed up for 12 months and the outcome criteria will be the rate of medical treatment and surgery in each group, and the angle width and configuration.

This will be the first RCT worldwide to address the role of ALPI in PACG. The study findings will have great relevance for the prevention of glaucoma blindness in the elderly.


Condition Intervention Phase
Glaucoma
Procedure: Argon Laser Iridoplasty
Drug: Travatan/ Timolol/Azopt
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Argon Laser Peripheral Iridoplasty for Primary Angle Closure Glaucoma: A Randomised Controlled Trial

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Singapore National Eye Centre:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The primary outcome will be the number of patients in each group on medical treatment or having had surgical treatment at 12 months. The mean number of medications required to control IOP in each group will also be analyzed. [ Time Frame: one year ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • The secondary outcome will be the change in angle width and configuration as measured by gonioscopic examination, ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) and anterior segment OCT assessment at 1 month, 6 months and 12 months following entry into the study. [ Time Frame: one year ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Estimated Enrollment: 80
Study Start Date: September 2007
Estimated Primary Completion Date: September 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Iridoplasty Procedure: Argon Laser Iridoplasty
Active Comparator: Control (Medication) Drug: Travatan/ Timolol/Azopt

  Show Detailed Description

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Persistent narrow angle in the presence of a patent laser peripheral iridotomy. A narrow angle is defined as an angle width of 0-10º in 2 or more quadrants of either eye or where the pigmented trabecular meshwork is not visible in for 2 or more quadrants on gonioscopic examination
  • Intraocular pressure > 21mmHg on or off topical medication at least four weeks following laser iridotomy
  • Intra ocular pressure > 21 mm Hg after wash out regimen as described below for patients who are already on one medication and Iridotomy has been done at least 4 weeks ago.
  • Informed Consent
  • Age more than 21 years

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Age less than 21 years
  • Secondary causes of angle closure like subluxed lens, uveitis, trauma and neovascular glaucoma
  • Presence of advanced sight-threatening glaucoma defined as vertical cup-disc ratio > 0.9
  • Presence of significant synechial angle closure with > 6 clock hours of peripheral anterior synechiae (defined as abnormal adhesions of the iris to the angle that are at least half a clock hour in width and be at least to the anterior trabecular meshwork or higher on indentation gonioscopy)
  • Cataract that is deemed significant enough to require surgery during the course of the trial or that makes field testing or optic disc imaging not technically possible- visual acuity less than 20/40 due to any type of cataract.
  • Corneal endothelial cell count less than 1000 cells/mm2
  • Corneal abnormalities or infection
  • Previous intraocular surgery
  • Use of contact lens
  • Chronic use of topical or systemic steroids
  • Participation in another therapeutic drug study within the last 30 days
  • Severe health problems precluding follow-up such as end-stage heart disease, kidney disease, respiratory disease, or cancer and life expectancy less than one year.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00980473

Contacts
Contact: Tin Aung, FRCOphth 62277255 aung_tin@yahoo.co.uk

Locations
Singapore
Singapore National Eye Centre Recruiting
Singapore, Singapore, 168751
Principal Investigator: Tin Aung, FRCOphth         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Singapore National Eye Centre
National University Hospital, Singapore
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: A/Prof Aung Tin. A/PROF & CONSULTANT, Singapore National Eye Centre
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00980473     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: R399/57/2004
Study First Received: September 18, 2009
Last Updated: June 16, 2011
Health Authority: Singapore: Domain Specific Review Boards

Keywords provided by Singapore National Eye Centre:
Primary Angle Closure Disease

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Glaucoma
Glaucoma, Angle-Closure
Eye Diseases
Ocular Hypertension

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 22, 2014