A Comparison of Indapamide SR 1.5 mg With HCTZ 25 mg, in Combination With an ACE-inhibitor, in Patients With Mild to Moderate AHT and Type 2 DM (AISHA)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
LaborMed Pharma S.A.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00980187
First received: September 17, 2009
Last updated: June 14, 2011
Last verified: June 2011
  Purpose

The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of indapamide SR 1.5 mg on blood pressure, blood tests (glucose metabolism, lipids, minerals, and uric acid), cardiac function, endothelial and arterial function, by comparison with hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg, in patients with hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus. In order to achieve a better control of blood pressure in these patients, each diuretic treatments will be added to an ACE inhibitor (quinapril 10-40 mg/day). Therefore, eventually, the study will provide data on the comparison between combination indapamide SR 1.5 mg + quinapril versus hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg + quinapril.


Condition Intervention Phase
Hypertension
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Drug: Hydrochlorothiazide
Drug: Indapamide
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Comparison of Indapamide SR 1.5 mg With Hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg, in Combination With an ACE-inhibitor, in Patients With Mild to Moderate Hypertension and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by LaborMed Pharma S.A.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Better metabolic effects of indapamide SR 1.5 mg+quinapril by comparison with hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg+quinapril, in patients with hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus. [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Better antihypertensive effects of indapamide SR 1.5 mg+quinapril by comparison with hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg+quinapril, in patients with hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus. [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Better effects on cardiac and arterial function of indapamide SR 1.5 mg+quinapril by comparison with hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg+quinapril, in patients with hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Better safety of indapamide SR 1.5 mg+quinapril by comparison with hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg+quinapril, in patients with hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 56
Study Start Date: March 2008
Study Completion Date: August 2010
Primary Completion Date: August 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Hydrochlorothiazide Drug: Hydrochlorothiazide
orally, 25 mg, once a day, with Quinapril 10-40 mg, 6 months
Other Name: Nefrix
Experimental: Indapamide SR Drug: Indapamide
1.5 mg SR, orally, once a day,with Quinapril 10-40 mg, 6 months
Other Name: Indapamid LPH

Detailed Description:

Hypertension treatment in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus is still a difficult clinical problem. New European and American guidelines recommend a target blood pressure of less than 130/80 mmHg. Indeed, it was shown by the Hypertension Optimal Treatment study (HOT study) that reducing diastolic blood pressure to 81 mm Hg instead of 84 mm Hg, the number of major cardiovascular events is reduced by 51%. However, only 25% of the patients with hypertension and diabetes reach the target of 130/80 mm Hg in routine clinical practice. Therefore, combination therapy is always recommended (8, 9). This should include a diuretic; however, none of the two guidelines makes any recommendations regarding which is the best diuretic therapy in hypertensive patients with diabetes.

Indapamide is a diuretic with special characteristics, which was shown in experimental studies to provide cardio- and renal- protection in hypertensive patients. In the same time it has similar antihypertensive effects with amlodipine and hydrochlorothiazide. Intrinsic mechanisms are probably related to the antioxidant properties, and also to the action on the calcium channels. Moreover, when compared with hydrochlorothiazide, indapamide has no adverse effects on lipid metabolism and seems to have no negative impact on the renal function. However, a recent study in patients with hypertension and diabetes suggested no superiority of indapamide over hydrochorothiazide on different metabolic parameters. Therefore, new research looking in more detail to the comparison between the two diuretics is mandatory.

The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of indapamide SR 1.5 mg on blood pressure, blood tests (glucose metabolism, lipids, minerals, and uric acid), cardiac function, endothelial and arterial function, by comparison with hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg, in patients with hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus. In order to achieve a better control of blood pressure in these patients, each diuretic treatments will be added to an ACE inhibitor (quinapril 10-40 mg/day). Therefore, eventually, the study will provide data on the comparison between combination indapamide SR 1.5 mg + quinapril versus hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg + quinapril.

The study will be conducted according to a Prospective, parallel, Randomized, active-controlled, Open, Blinded Endpoint evaluation (PROBE design), in one centre, in at least 50 male and female patients with mild to moderate hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus, for a total period of 18 months (12 months of enrollment and 6 months follow-up). Patients who meet the inclusion and exclusion criteria will be randomized 1:1 using a permuted block design. They will receive an ascending number from 1 to 50. The investigator(s) performing and analyzing the echocardiograms, and the central laboratory measuring the BNP blood tests will be blinded to the patient medication.

Patients will be randomized to either indapamide prolonged-release 1.5 mg/day or hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg/day, given orally. Quinapril will be added from the beginning of the study to allow consistent blood pressure control. Dose of quinapril will be titrated from 10 mg/day to 15 mg/day, and then to 20 mg/day, and up to 40 mg/day, as needed for the blood pressure control. The treatment will be administered to randomized patients for 6 months. Assignment of the study medication will be performed through randomization process. The patients will receive the medication from the Investigator/Co-investigator at every visit scheduled; they will be asked to return, at every visit scheduled, the unused medication and the empty boxes, in order to verify their compliance to the treatment. A treatment compliance of 80-120% is considered satisfactory for the study. If compliance is out of the limits mentioned above, the investigator can decide withdrawal of the patient from the study. In exceptional situations, the treatment can be interrupted for a period of maximum 3 days, without withdrawal of the patient from the study. The administration of the study medication will be documented in appropriate source documents and in the CRF and certified by the Investigator.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Only diabetic patients presenting all of the following criteria should be enrolled into the study:

  • Aged between 18 and 75 years .
  • Daytime ambulatory blood pressure >135 and/or >85 mm Hg (only mild to moderate hypertension can be included in the study), and type 2 diabetes mellitus. The blood pressure monitoring device will be installed at visit 0 (Screening) and the conclusion of this monitoring will be evaluated at Visit1, before randomization.
  • Sinus rhythm.
  • Ability to understand the full nature and purpose of the study, including possible risks and side effects; ability to cooperate with the Investigator/Co-investigator, and to comply with the requirements of the study. Any anti-hypertensive medication will be stopped at least two weeks prior to randomisation.
  • Informed written consent given before the initiation of the pre-study screening.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Secondary hypertension
  • Severe hypertension ( ≥ 180 and/or ≥110 mm Hg); stage III hypertension (WHO classification)
  • Symptoms of congestive heart failure (NYHA II - IV) or left ventricular global systolic dysfunction (EF < 40%)
  • Ventricular aneurysm or extensive wall motion abnormalities
  • Recent (< 6 months) myocardial infarction
  • Recent (< 3 months) or planned coronary revascularization: PCI (percutaneous coronary intervention)/CABG (coronary artery by-pass graft)
  • Severe valvular heart disease/congenital heart disease
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  • Pericarditis
  • Chronic cor pulmonale
  • Recent (< 6 months) cerebrovascular ischemic symptoms (e.g. transient ischemic accident, prolonged reversible ischemic neurological deficit, stroke)
  • Creatinine level >1.5 mg/dl for men or >1.4 mg/dl for women
  • Pregnancy or patients who plan to become pregnant during the study period (only for female subjects).
  • Breast-feeding woman
  • Presence or history of relevant medical conditions, including: cancer, HIV, significant disease of the renal, hepatic, gastrointestinal, respiratory, endocrine, locomotor systems, or significant metabolic, haematological, neurological disorders
  • History of hypersensitivity to indapamide, quinapril, thiazides or to any of the components of the products; contraindication to any of the study medications
  • Significant acute illness within 14 days prior to randomisation
  • Any history of drug or alcohol abuse, recent psychiatric disorder or use of psychotropic substances
  • Any current condition or other disease known to interfere significantly with the absorption, distribution, metabolism or excretion of study drugs
  • Current use of hormonal contraceptive drugs (only for female subjects); non-hormonal contraceptive measures have to be used, for female patients of childbearing potential, as follows: diaphragm, male condom, intrauterine device, tube ligation, selective tube occlusion procedure, or vasectomy of the partner
  • Participation to another investigational study in the last 3 months
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00980187

Locations
Romania
Cardiology, University and Emergency Hospital
Bucharest, Romania, 050098
Sponsors and Collaborators
LaborMed Pharma S.A.
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Dragos Vinereanu, Professor, MD, PhD Cardiology, University and Emergency Hospital, Bucharest, Romania
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Professor Dragos Vinereanu, University and Emergency Hospital Bucharest, Cardiology Department
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00980187     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: RO-SCL-IQ v 1.0/04.07
Study First Received: September 17, 2009
Last Updated: June 14, 2011
Health Authority: Romania: National Medicines Agency

Keywords provided by LaborMed Pharma S.A.:
blood tests
cardiac function
endothelial function
arterial function

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hypertension
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Hydrochlorothiazide
Indapamide
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
Antihypertensive Agents
Cardiovascular Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Diuretics
Natriuretic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Sodium Chloride Symporter Inhibitors
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 30, 2014