Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) Imaging Study in Adolescents With Anorexia Nervosa (ADOL_AN)
Recruitment status was Recruiting
The purpose of this study is to use fMRI imaging technology to examine areas in the brain related to appetite, reward and cognition in adolescent women with eating disorders as compared to those who have never had an eating disorder. Better understanding biologic vulnerabilities in women with anorexia is essential for developing more effective treatment options.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
|Official Title:||Neural Dysfunction of Interoception in Adolescents Diagnosed With Anorexia Nervosa|
|Study Start Date:||June 2009|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||January 2011|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||January 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN) have aberrant feeding behavior, disturbances of emotionality and impulse control, and have high rates of relapse after weight restoration (Carter et al., 2004; Halmi et al., 2003). There is no proven treatment that reverses symptoms. Although imaging studies in individuals recovered from AN (REC AN) suggest that these symptoms are related to dysfunction of the striatal, insular, and prefrontal areas, less is known about the biology of these core symptoms in currently ill individuals (ILL AN). This application will use blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to examine neural substrates underlying appetitive, reward, and cognitive dysregulation in ill AN. We will study 22 adolescent women currently ill with AN and 22 healthy adolescent control women (CW), all of whom are 14 to 18 years old.
The specific aims of the project are:
AIM 1: The anterior insula (AI), orbitofrontal cortex (OFC), and associated regions integrate sensory/hedonic aspects of taste and interoceptive awareness in the service of homeostasis. We hypothesize that restricted eating and weight loss occur in AN because a palatable food elicits little reward.
AIM 2: Little in life is rewarding to individuals with AN aside from weight loss, and they tend to be overconcerned with future consequences. We predict that ill AN will show an inability to discriminate positive and negative feedback reflecting aberrant anterior ventral striatum (AVS) limbic function.
AIM 3: AN tend to be rigid, inflexible and behaviorally inhibited. We will use a stop task (Band et al., 2003; Logan et al., 1984; Matthews et al., 2005) to characterize the neural substrates of inhibitory motor control. We hypothesize that ill AN, relative to CW, will show a demand-specific alteration of a fronto-subthalamic circuit that is necessary for motor inhibition (Aron et al., 2004).
AIM 4: In an exploratory aim, we propose to examine how clinical, cognitive, and personality/temperament measures might be correlated to either the BOLD response and/or the integrity of frontostriatal connectivity as determined using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI).
Taken together, these aims will enable us to better characterize cognitive and limbic dysfunction in these populations. Understanding biologic vulnerabilities in AN is critical for developing effective treatment interventions for this often chronic and deadly disorder. In addition, there is a lack of understanding of appropriate methodologies necessary to address the unique problems inherent in the study of ill AN. Thus, this project will also characterize confounding factors, such as brain volume, energy metabolism, development stages, and gonadal steroids, with the intent that a future project will incorporate the methodology needed to rigorously investigate this population.
|Contact: Kathryn A Langham, M.D.||firstname.lastname@example.org|
|United States, California|
|UCSD Eating Disorder Treatment and Research Program||Recruiting|
|La Jolla, California, United States, 92037|
|Contact: Kathryn A Langham, M.D. 858-246-0699 email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator: Amanda Bischoff-Grethe, PhD|
|Sub-Investigator: Walter Kaye, M.D|