Comparison of Redermic, Rejuva-A and Combination of Both Redermic and Rejuva-A in Subjects With Signs of Aging

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Innovaderm Research Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Robert BISSONNETTE, Cosmetique Active International
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00974480
First received: July 24, 2009
Last updated: September 18, 2011
Last verified: September 2011
  Purpose

Facial skin aging is a complex process combining factors such as sun exposure, smoking and those that are believed to be inherited. Changes in the skin over time including decreased thickness result in skin atrophy, wrinkling, sagging, yellowness and changes in pigmentation. Redermic is a cosmetic cream that has been evaluated clinically but not in comparison to tretinoin nor in combination with tretinoin. There is no data on the safety and efficacy of Redermic as compared to topical tretinoin.

Rejuva is a cream currently approved by Health Canada for the treatment of photodamaged skin. It contains 0.025% tretinoin one of the most widely studied topical product for skin aging. Studies have shown that topical tretinoin increases collagen synthesis and epidermal thickness thereby improving the appearance of skin aging. The efficacy of Rejuva combined with another topical cosmetic cream such as Redermic in the treatment of skin aging is unknown.

One hundred and twenty (120) subjects with signs of skin aging participated in this single-blind study to evaluate the efficacy and tolerance of Redermic versus Rejuva-A™ (0.025% tretinoin) and Redermic in combination with Rejuva-A™ (0.025% tretinoin).


Condition Intervention
Skin Aging
Other: Redermic
Drug: Tretinoin (Rejuva-A)

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Single Blind Study to Evaluate the Tolerance and Effectiveness of Redermic Versus Rejuva-A™ (0.025% Tretinoin) and Redermic in Combination With Rejuva-A™ (0.025% Tretinoin) Under Normal Conditions in Subjects With Signs of Aging

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Cosmetique Active International:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Skin Aging Measured With the Photonumeric Scale. [ Time Frame: 12, 24 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Scoring was accomplished by matching each part of the face (forehead, glabella, corners of the mouth, nasal labial fold, crow's feet, below eyes and upper lip) to photographs in the scales and reporting the appropriate number in the tables. All individual scores were added to obtain the total score (Less signs of skin aging = 0, more signs of skin aging = 41.6).


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Photographic Evaluation by a Panel of Blinded Dermatologists. [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    A blinded panel of two dermatologists had to identify independently which of the two photographs had an improvement or if there was no noticeable difference between them. The two photographs of each subject were randomized to keep the blind.

    When the Week 24 photograph was selected as the one showing an improvement, it was scored by the statistician as "improvement". When the Day 0 photograph was selected as the one showing an improvement, it was scored by the statistician as "worsening". When there was no noticeable difference between the photographs, it was scored as "stable".


  • Trans-epidermal Water Loss (TEWL). [ Time Frame: 12, 24 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Trans Epidermal Water Loss (TEWL) was measured with a DermaLab device (Cortex Technology, Denmark) equipped with a TEWL probe. Measurements were performed with the subject lying down on the back in a room with controlled temperature (20°C +/-2) and relative humidity (45% +/- 15%). All measurements were performed at least 30 minutes after the subject was transferred into this room. The measurements were performed on the cheek. Care was taken to use the same cheek for each subject throughout the study.

  • Skin Hydration (Conductance) [ Time Frame: 12, 24 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Skin hydration was measured with a DermaLab device (Cortex Technology, Denmark) equipped with a skin hydration probe.

    Measurements were performed in a room with controlled temperature (20°C +/-2) and humidity (45% +/- 15%). All measurements were performed at least 30 minutes after the subject had been transferred into this room. Care was taken to use the same cheek for each subject throughout the study. Higher values indicate greater hydration.


  • Skin Elasticity. [ Time Frame: 12, 24 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Skin elasticity was measured with a DermaLab device (Cortex Technology, Denmark) equipped with a skin elasticity probe. Pressure required to raise the skin 1mm was recorded. Measurements were performed on the upper cheeks and care was taken to use the same location for all measurements. Final measurements were the average of left and right cheeks. When the product is a moisturizer, lower pressures are indicative of efficacy.

  • Area Ratio - Analysis of Skin Replicas of Crow's Feet. [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    An illuminator is used to cross illuminate the specimen (silicone mold replicas) perpendicular to the major lines which accentuate the surface details. The resulting image which consists of a series of shadows that directly correspond to the pattern of wrinkles is digitized for analysis. One can measure changes in skin surface topography by selecting an area range (shadow size) that allows one to directly determine the projected area of the shadowed region associated with the wrinkles and major lines. The Area Ratio is the area of the shadows. The higher the ratio, the greater the wrinkling.

  • Clinical Skin Evaluation. [ Time Frame: 12, 24 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A clinical skin evaluation of the face was performed by a dermatologist using 8 scales (skin hydration, radiance, roughness, spots, laxity, skin tone homogeneity, softness, relief (variations in depth)). The individual scores were totalled (worst = 0, best = 47) and the total score was used for analyses.

  • Sensitivity of the Face Evaluated by Subject. [ Time Frame: 12, 24 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Sensitivity of the entire face evaluated by the subject was performed using 4 different 10 cm visual analog scales (pruritus, tingling, burning, tightness). Each score was analysed separately.

    Each score is from 0 = absent to 10 important.


  • Facial Skin Self-evaluation. [ Time Frame: 12, 24 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A visual analog scale of 13 evaluations were performed by the subject. Scale is from 1 - 10 for each evaluation individually evaluated. 0 = absent, 10 = important.

  • Tolerance Evaluated by Investigator. [ Time Frame: 12, 24 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

    Tolerance was studied by evaluating scaling, dryness, erythema and burning/itching sensation on a 5-point scale.

    Scaling, Dryness and Erythema Evaluations

    - None (0) - Very Severe = (4)

    Burning and Itching Evaluation Scale

    • None (0) = Normal, no discomfort
    • Mild (1) = Slight discomfort that is not bothersome
    • Moderate (2) = Discomfort that is somewhat bothersome
    • Marked (3) = Discomfort that is bothersome and that occasionally interferes with normal daily activities
    • Severe (4) = Continuous discomfort that interferes with normal daily activities


Enrollment: 120
Study Start Date: September 2009
Study Completion Date: July 2010
Primary Completion Date: July 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Redermic
Cream was applied twice a day every day, morning and evening for 24 weeks.
Other: Redermic
Cosmetic cream formulation 609637 43.
Other Names:
  • madescassoside
  • vitamin C
Active Comparator: Rejuva-A
Week 1, Rejuva-A cream was applied to face in the evening twice a week. Weeks 2 & 3, Rejuva-A cream was applied to the face in the evening three times a week. Weeks 4-24, Rejuva-A cream was applied to the face in the evening every other day. In cases of intolerance, returned to the previous dosage and remained there until the end of study. Hydrating cream was applied to the face in the morning every day for 24 weeks.
Drug: Tretinoin (Rejuva-A)
Tretinoin 0.025% cream.
Other Name: Rejuva-A
Active Comparator: Combination of Redermic and Rejuva-A
Week 1, Rejuva-A cream was applied to face in the evening twice a week. Weeks 2 & 3, Rejuva-A cream was applied to the face in the evening three times a week. Weeks 4-24, Rejuva-A cream was applied to the face in the evening every other day. In cases of intolerance, returned to the previous dosage and remained there until the end of study. Redermic was applied every evening when Rejuva-A™ was not applied, as well as every morning.
Other: Redermic
Cosmetic cream formulation 609637 43.
Other Names:
  • madescassoside
  • vitamin C
Drug: Tretinoin (Rejuva-A)
Tretinoin 0.025% cream.
Other Name: Rejuva-A

Detailed Description:

Facial skin aging is a complex and multifactorial process combining extrinsic and intrinsic factors. Major extrinsic factors include sun exposure and smoking while intrinsic factors are believed to be genetically programmed.

Changes in the dermis are responsible for many of the important clinical changes associated with skin aging. With age there is a decrease in the number of fibroblasts and a decrease in their ability to synthesize collagen which results in a decrease in collagen I and II. This is coupled with an increase in matrix metalloproteinases activity. Skin biopsies from elderly volunteers show changes in collagen bundles which become fragmented and disorganized as well as in elastin fibers which are decreased. Changes also occur in the epidermis including a decrease in epidermal thickness and a change in the morphology of keratinocytes of the basal layer. Clinically these changes result in skin atrophy, increased skin laxity, wrinkling, sagging, yellowness and changes in pigmentation.

Redermic is a cosmetic cream containing vitamin C and madecassoside. A preliminary 20 subject split face study has shown that this product was well tolerated and could improve signs of skin aging. To evaluate changes in skin aging this study used a clinical evaluation of the face, skin hydration, the fringe technique, skin biopsies and skin elasticity measurements. The investigators did not perform transepidermal water loss (TEWL), facial skin evaluation using a photonumeric guideline, evaluation of photoaging by panel of blinded dermatologists or skin replica evaluations. There is no data on the combination of Redermic with tretinoin or on the safety and efficacy of Redermic as compared to topical tretinoin.

Rejuva is a cream currently approved by Health Canada for the treatment of photodamaged skin. It contains 0.025% tretinoin one of the most widely studied topical product for skin aging. Studies have shown that topical tretinoin increases collagen synthesis and epidermal thickness thereby improving the appearance of skin aging. The efficacy of Rejuva combined with another topical cosmetic cream such as Redermic in the treatment of skin aging is unknown.

The main objective of this single-blind study was to assess efficacy of the anti aging effect and the tolerance of Redermic alone compared to Rejuva-A™ (0.025% tretinoin) alone or in combination with Rejuva-A™ (0.025% tretinoin).

One hundred and twenty (120) subjects with signs of skin aging participated in this single-blind study to evaluate the efficacy and tolerance of Redermic versus Rejuva-A™ (0.025% tretinoin) and Redermic in combination with Rejuva-A™ (0.025% tretinoin). Subjects were randomized (1:1:1) in three groups of forty (40), and were asked to apply study product to the face (except to eyelids, nostrils and other mucous membranes) for 24 weeks.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   45 Years to 55 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects are female, between 45 and 55 years of age.
  • Females of childbearing potential have had a negative urine pregnancy test prior to randomization.
  • Subjects are willing to use adequate contraceptive method or are surgically sterile (including tubal ligation), post-menopausal, abstinent or with a same-sex partner. Adequate means of contraception include; intra-uterine device (IUD) in use for 30 days before Day 0, barrier methods and spermicide in use at least 14 days before Day 0 or oral contraceptive in use for at least 30 days before Day 0.
  • Subjects are willing to avoid prolonged exposure to UV radiation for the duration of the study.
  • Subjects are capable of giving written informed consent.
  • Subjects have changes associated with facial skin aging/photodamaged skin.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects are male.
  • Subjects are pregnant or lactating.
  • Subjects have a known allergy to Redermic, Rejuva-A™ or to any component of the tested products.
  • Subjects have made use of tretinoin, adapalene, tazarotene or other topical medications for the treatment of facial skin aging during the 12 weeks preceding Day 0.
  • Subjects have applied topical alpha hydroxyl acids within 28 days of Day 0.
  • Subjects have used or plan to use systemic corticosteroids within 28 days of Day 0 or during the study.
  • Subjects have made use of a non-medication topical product directed at improving skin aging during the 28 days preceding Day 0.
  • Subjects have a hypersensitivity to any retinoids.
  • Subjects have a history of alcohol or drug abuse in the past year.
  • Subjects are participating in another interventional study.
  • Subjects have had a previous intense pulsed light treatment to the face.
  • Subjects have had a previous laser treatment to the face directed at improving skin aging.
  • Subjects have the presence of skin diseases such as psoriasis or dermatitis on the face that could interfere with study evaluations.
  • Planned or unavoidable exposure to intense ultraviolet (UV) radiation during the study (such as sun tanning salons, vacations in a sunny climate or outdoor worker).
  • Subjects have had a botulinum toxin A injection treatment on the face within 2 years of Day 0 or plan to receive this treatment during the study.
  • Subjects have had a filler injection (collagen, hyaluronic acid, etc..) on the face within 2 years of Day 0 or plan to receive this treatment during the study.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00974480

Locations
Canada, Quebec
Innovaderm Research Inc
Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H2K 4L5
Sponsors and Collaborators
Cosmetique Active International
Innovaderm Research Inc.
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Robert Bissonnette, MD, FRCPC Innovaderm Research
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Robert BISSONNETTE, President and Dermatologist, Cosmetique Active International
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00974480     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: LRP09008
Study First Received: July 24, 2009
Results First Received: November 16, 2010
Last Updated: September 18, 2011
Health Authority: Canada: Ethics Review Committee

Keywords provided by Cosmetique Active International:
Skin
Aging
Rejuva-a
Redermic

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Tretinoin
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Keratolytic Agents
Dermatologic Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 01, 2014