A Comparison of the Analgesic Efficacy and Safety of Once Daily Tramadol HCl / Contramid® Tablets to Twice Daily Tramadol HCl (SR) for the Treatment of Osteoarthritis of the Knee

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Labopharm Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00950651
First received: April 14, 2009
Last updated: April 25, 2012
Last verified: April 2012
  Purpose

A randomised, multi-centre, double-blind, double dummy, two arm parallel design study to compare the efficacy, safety, and clinical benefit of the test and reference product after treatment for 84 days in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee.


Condition Intervention Phase
Osteoarthritis, Knee
Pain
Drug: Tramadol HCl Contramid® Once A Day
Drug: Tramadol HCl Twice a day
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Comparison of the Analgesic Efficacy and Safety of Once Daily Tramadol HCl / Contramid® Tablets to Twice Daily Tramadol HCl (SR) for the Treatment of Osteoarthritis of the Knee.

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Labopharm Inc.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Change From Baseline in WOMAC Pain Subscale Score at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline to week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The WOMAC is a statistically validated, 24-item questionnaire assessing current OA symptoms and functional limitations. The Pain subscale score consists of 5 items each rated on a 100mm VAS scale (0mm=no pain to 100mm=extreme pain). In case of premature discontinuation, the last assessment was used to calculate the percentage of change.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Arthritis Pain at the End of Dosing Interval (24-hour Efficacy) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Each day before morning dose, patients assessed arthritis pain in worst knee in a diary using a 5-point rating scale ranging from none to severe. A median score was estimated for each patient each week and re-categorized into different degrees of pain (rounding off to the closest integer). Results are of 12th week (day 78-84).

  • Percentage of Change From Baseline in WOMAC Stiffness Subscale Score at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline to week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The WOMAC is a statistically validated, 24-item questionnaire assessing current OA symptoms and functional limitations. Stiffness subscale score consists of 2 items each rated on 100mm VAS scale (0mm=no stiffness to 100mm=extreme stiffness). In case of premature discontinuation, the last assessment was used to calculate the percentage of change.

  • Percentage of Change From Baseline in WOMAC Physical Function Subscale Score at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline to week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The WOMAC is a statistically validated, 24-item questionnaire assessing current OA symptoms and functional limitations. Physical Function subscale score consists of 17 items rated on a 100mm VAS scale (0mm=no difficulty to 100mm=extreme difficulty). In case of premature discontinuation, the last assessment was used to calculate percentage of change

  • Percentage of Change From Baseline in WOMAC Total Score at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline to week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The WOMAC is a statistically validated, 24-item questionnaire assessing current OA symptoms and functional limitations. Each item is rated on a 100mm VAS scale (0mm=no pain/stiffness/difficulty to 100mm=extreme no pain/stiffness/difficulty). In case of premature discontinuation, the last assessment was used to calculate percentage of change.

  • Percentage of Change From Baseline in Current Pain at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline to week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Pain Visual Analogue Scales: Current Pain. Patients indicated their current pain using a 100mm VAS scale ranging from 0=no pain to 100=extreme pain. The percentage of change in current pain was calculated from baseline to week 12. In case of premature discontinuation, the last assessment was used to calculate percentage of change.

  • Percentage of Change From Baseline in Least Pain Within Last 24 Hours at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline to week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Patients indicated their Least Pain Within Last 24 Hours using a 100mm VAS scale ranging from 0=no pain to 100=extreme pain. The percentage of change was calculated from baseline to week 12. In case of premature discontinuation, the last assessment was used to calculate percentage of change.

  • Percentage of Change From Baseline in Worst Pain Within Last 24 Hours at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline to week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Patients indicated their Worst Pain Within Last 24 Hours using a 100mm VAS scale ranging from 0=no pain to 100=extreme pain. The percentage of change was calculated from baseline to week 12. In case of premature discontinuation, the last assessment was used to calculate percentage of change.

  • Percentage of Change From Baseline in Average Pain Within Last 24 Hours at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline to week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Patients indicated their Average Pain Within Last 24 Hours using a 100mm VAS scale ranging from 0=no pain to 100=extreme pain. The percentage of change was calculated from baseline to week 12. In case of premature discontinuation, the last assessment was used to calculate percentage of change.

  • Percentage of Change From Baseline in Walking Time for 15 Meters at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline to week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The walking test is a measure of how many seconds it takes the patient to walk a distance of 15 meters. The change from baseline to week 12 was calculated.

  • Patient Global Rating of Pain Relief at Week 12 [ Time Frame: 12 Weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The Patient Global Rating of Pain is a Likert-scale that answers the question: "How do you rate overall pain relief with the drug?" with 4 possible answers that were dichotomized: "very effective", "effective", and "somewhat effective" were summarized to "effective"; "not effective" remained unchanged.

  • Patient Global Assessment: Side Effects Interfering With Day to Day Activities at Week 12 [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Patients were asked: "How have any side effects you may have felt from the drug interfered with day-to-day activities?" with 4 possible answers: "Significantly", "Somewhat", "Minimally", "Not at all".

  • Patient Global Assessment: Current Pain Relief Versus Pain Relief During Previous Tramadol Treatment at Week 12 [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Patients who have previously taken tramadol HCl were asked to compare how they compare the current pain relief to the pain relief felt when previously taking tramadol, using a 4-point Likert-scale: "Worse than before", "Same as before", "Somewhat better now", or "Much better now".

  • Patient Global Assessment: Current Interfering Side Effects Versus Pain Relief During Previous Tramadol Treatment at Week 12 [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Patients who have previously taken tramadol HCl were asked: "Compared to when you were previously taking tramadol, how have any side effects you have felt during this study interfered with your day-to-day activities?". Possible answers were: "Interfered much less now", "Interfered somewhat less now", "Same as before", "Interfered more now".

  • Physician Overall Rating: Overall Assessment at Week 12 [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The physician was asked to indicate his overall assessment of the formulation the patient was taking using a 4-point Likert-scale dichotomized for the analysis: Very Effective, Effective, and Somewhat Effective were summarized to Effective; Ineffective remained unchanged.

  • Physician Overall Rating: Effectiveness of Pain Control 24 Hours After the Most Recent Dose of Tramadol at Week 12 [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The physician was asked to indicate the effectiveness of pain control 24 hours after the most recent dose of tramadol using a 4-point Likert-scale, dichotomized for the analysis: Very Effective, Effective, Somewhat Effective were summarized to Effective; Ineffective remained unchanged.

  • Patient Diary: Pain (Between Visit Means) at Week 12 [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    As part of the daily diary for the entire study, patients rated the arthritis pain in their worst knee using a five-point scale ranging from 1=none to 5=severe. Mean scores summarizing the entries of the preceding period were calculated.

  • Patient Diary: Stiffness (Between Visit Means) at Week 12 [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    As part of the daily diary for the entire study, patients rated the stiffness in their worst knee using a five-point scale ranging from 1=none to 5=severe. Mean scores summarizing the entries of the preceding period were calculated.

  • Patient Diary: Ability Getting Things Done (Between Visit Means) at Week 12 [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    As part of the daily diary for the entire study, patients rated their ability to get things done with their worst knee using a five-point scale ranging from: 1=No problem to 5=A lot of things didn't get done. Mean scores summarizing the entries of the preceding period were calculated.

  • Patient Diary: Difficulty With Walking (Between Visit Means) at Week 12 [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    As part of the daily diary for the entire study, patients rated their difficulty walking with their worst knee using a five-point scale ranging from 1=No problem to 5=Severe difficulty. Mean scores summarizing the entries of the preceding period were calculated.

  • Patient Diary: Difficulty With Stairs (Between Visit Means) at Week 12 [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    As part of the daily diary for the entire study, patients rated their difficulty with stairs with their worst knee using a five-point scale ranging from 1=No problem to 5=Severe difficulty. Mean scores summarizing the entries of the preceding period were calculated.


Enrollment: 431
Study Start Date: March 2002
Study Completion Date: November 2002
Primary Completion Date: November 2002 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1 Tramadol HCl Contramid® Once A Day Drug: Tramadol HCl Contramid® Once A Day
The patients orally self-administered the study medication: either 100, 200, 300 or 400 mg Tramadol HCl Contramid® Once A Day. Each patient was titrated to his or her optimum dose (up to a maximum of 400 mg) during the Titration Phase, which lasted between 4 and 12 days. The optimum dose was taken throughout the study.
Other Name: Tramadol HCl Contramid® Once A Day
Active Comparator: 2 Tramadol HCl Twice a day (SR) Drug: Tramadol HCl Twice a day
The patients orally self-administered the study medication: either 200, 300 or 400 mg Tramadol HCl Twice a day. Each patient was titrated to his or her optimum dose (up to a maximum of 400 mg) during the Titration Phase, which lasted between 4 and 12 days. The optimum dose was taken throughout the study.
Other Name: Tramadol HCl Twice a day

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years to 75 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Males or Females between the ages of 40 and 75 with a diagnosis of Osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee consistent with the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) Clinical Classification Criteria for Arthritis of the Knee (Altman, R. et al., 1986):

    • Knee pain at study enrolment,
    • Less than 30 minutes of morning stiffness with or without crepitus on active motion.
    • Confirmation either by arthroscopy or radiologist's report (X-rays showing osteophytes, joint space narrowing or subchondral bone sclerosis {eburnation}) within 1 year prior to entry into the study.
  2. ESR < 40 mm/h
  3. Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) Pain Subscales total score equal to or more than 150 mm at baseline.
  4. Oral and written language comprehension at a level sufficient to comply with the protocol and complete study-related materials.
  5. The Patient signed and dated the (IEC) approved, written, informed consent prior to study participation

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Known rheumatoid arthritis or any other rheumatoid disease.
  2. Secondary arthritis i.e. any of the following: septic arthritis; inflammatory joint disease; gout; pseudogout; Paget's disease; joint fracture; acromegaly; fibromyalgia; Wilson's disease; Ochronosis; Haemochromatosis; Osteochondromatosis; heritable arthritic disorders; or collagen gene mutations.
  3. Obesity Class II [body mass index (BMI) equal to or more than 35 kg/m2] (NIH, 2000)
  4. Major illness that required hospitalisation during the 3 months before commencement of the screening period.
  5. Unwillingness to cease taking medication other than the study medication for arthritic pain, any other concomitant pain, or OA medications.
  6. Patients who had previously failed tramadol HCl therapy or those who discontinued tramadol HCl due to AEs.
  7. Patients who within the 3 weeks prior to study entry took the following medications: monoamine oxidase inhibitors; tricyclic antidepressants and other tricyclic compounds (e.g. cyclobenzaprine, promethazine); neuroleptics; selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors; or other drugs which reduce seizure threshold.
  8. Patients who took another investigational agent within the 30 days prior to study entry.
  9. Patients with a history of seizure disorder other than Infantile Febrile Seizures.
  10. Patients who were opioid dependent.
  11. Patients with bowel disease causing malabsorption.
  12. Patients who were pregnant or lactating or patients of child-bearing potential who were unwilling to utilise a medically approved method of contraception during participation in this clinical trial.
  13. Patients with significant liver disease, defined as active hepatitis or elevated liver enzymes >3 times the upper boundary of the normal range.
  14. Patients with significant renal disease, defined as creatinine clearance <30 mL/min as estimated by the method of Levey et al., 1999.
  15. Current substance abuse or dependence, other than nicotine.
  16. Allergy or adverse reaction to tramadol or any structurally similar drugs e.g. opiates.
  17. Any other condition that, in the opinion of the investigators, adversely affected the patient's ability to complete the study or its measures.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

No Contacts or Locations Provided
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: Labopharm Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00950651     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MDT3-001-E1
Study First Received: April 14, 2009
Results First Received: April 14, 2009
Last Updated: April 25, 2012
Health Authority: Russia: Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation
Hungary: National Institute of Pharmacy
France: Afssaps - Agence française de sécurité sanitaire des produits de santé (Saint-Denis)
United Kingdom: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis, Knee
Arthritis
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases
Analgesics
Tramadol
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Central Nervous System Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Narcotics
Central Nervous System Depressants
Analgesics, Opioid

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 20, 2014