Investigating Intracellular and Plasma Imatinib Levels in Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (OCT-1)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
University Health Network, Toronto
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Brian Leber, Hamilton Health Sciences Corporation
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00947830
First received: July 27, 2009
Last updated: January 10, 2013
Last verified: January 2013
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to find out if the level of imatinib in the bloodstream, and the level that leukemia cells will predict how quickly your chronic myeloid leukemia improves with the treatment.

1.1 Primary Objectives

To determine if intracellular levels of Imatinib in leukemic blood cells within two weeks of treatment initiation of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia in chronic phase predicts molecular and cytogenetic response at 6 and 12 months post treatment

1.2. Secondary Objectives

1.2.1 To determine if hOCT-1 mRNA levels at diagnosis predict Imatinib intracellular levels within two weeks of treatment initiation.

1.2.2 To determine the correlation between intracellular Imatinib levels at two weeks of treatment initiation with plasma Imatinib levels at two and four weeks after treatment initiation.

1.2.3 To determine if plasma Imatinib levels four weeks after treatment initiation correlate with plasma Imatinib levels 12 months after treatment initiation.

1.2.4 To determine if intracellular levels of Imatinib in leukemic blood cells within two weeks of treatment initiation correlate with intracellular levels of Imatinib in normal leukocytes 12 months after treatment initiation.


Condition
Chronic Myeloid Leukemia

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: A Study Investigating the Predictive Value of Intracellular and Plasma Imatinib Levels in Newly Diagnosed Patients With Chronic Myeloid Leukemia

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by McMaster University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To determine if intracellular levels of Imatinib in leukemic blood cells within two weeks of treatment initiation of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia in chronic phase predicts molecular and cytogenetic response at 6 and 12 months post treatment [ Time Frame: One year after starting therapy for chronic myeloid leukemia ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To determine if hOCT-1 mRNA levels at diagnosis predict Imatinib intracellular levels, OCT-1 levels at one year [ Time Frame: One year after starting therapy for chronic myeloid leukemia ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA

Blood cells


Enrollment: 81
Study Start Date: July 2009
Study Completion Date: April 2012
Primary Completion Date: April 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

The use of imatinib for the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia has significantly improved the survival of most patients with this disease. This drug works by directly inhibiting the cancer-causing protein BCR-ABL that is found inside the leukemia cells and therefore is the first successful targeted treatment for cancer. Measuring the amount of the gene product for BCR-ABL by very sensitive laboratory techniques as it decreases during therapy has been extremely helpful in monitoring disease activity. Furthermore, in a subgroup of patients whose leukemia cells decrease by more than a thousand-fold measured by this sensitive technique during the first one or two years, these patients have a greater than 97% chance that disease remains under excellent control for more than five years. Therefore, discovering tests that would predict this marked decrease in BCR-ABL gene product at early timepoints when any treatment changes could be done would be very useful. To study this, a test that measures the amount of imatinib in a patient's bloodstream plasma has been recently developed at a national reference laboratory, Warnex Medical Laboratories in Laval, Quebec. Preliminary results from other national laboratories indicates that patients differ in how much imatinib their bodies absorb and get into their bloodstream, and that patients who absorb imatinib less well have a slightly lower chance of this thousand-fold reduction in leukemia levels. However, because imatinib must get inside leukemia cells to inhibit BCR-ABL, it likely that the amount of imatinib that is inside leukemia cells would predict even better the response to the drug. Warnex Laboratories has recently developed a test that can measure imatinib levels inside cells, and preliminary results indicate that patients differ in how much imatinib gets inside their cells. Dr. Suzanne Kamel-Reid's laboratory at Toronto General Hospital has also developed a test to measure the amount of gene product for the pore that imatinib uses to enter leukemia and other blood cells (called h-OCT-1), and her preliminary results also show that differs among patients. It is not clear if these differences are due to differences in the leukemia cels themselves between patients, or in differences between the way imatinib would get into any blood cells between patients. Therefore we are undertaking this current study to see (1) which of the tests, or combination of tests (bloodstream imatinib level, imatinib level inside cells, or h-OCT-1 level) best predicts how well patients patients respond to imatinib by the sensitive test for BCR-ABL, and (2) whether the differences between patients in the level inside cells is due specifically to the leukemia cells. In this trial, we will measure these levels on patients who are about to begin treatment for their chronic myeloid leukemia with imatinib. For practical purposes, participation in this trial would require patients to have extra blood samples drawn at several visits when they would normally see their hematologist/oncologist to monitor their disease and its treatment: within 28 days up to and including Day 1 as long as collected prior to start of treatment with Imatinib, and once Imatinib treatment is started, at 2 weeks, one month, 6 months , and 12 months. By obtaining this information, we may better understand how to adjust imatinib therapy to achieve the best response for more patients in the future. 

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population

newly diagnosed patients with chronic myeloid leukemia in chronic phase

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have a diagnosis of chronic myeloid leukemia in chronic phase (as defined in Appendix A) within four weeks of study registration based on bone marrow aspirate and peripheral blood counts. - Patients must have confirmation of the Philadelphia chromosome or variants by cytogenetics, or FISH, or positive test for bcr-abl by PCR. Patients with additional chromosomal abnormalities in addition to the Philadelphia chromosome are eligible.
  • Age >18 years.
  • ECOG performance status <2. (Appendix B)
  • Patients must have normal organ function as defined below:

    • Total Bilirubin < 1.5 x Institutional Upper Limit of Normal (ULN)
    • AST and/or ALT < 2.5 x Institutional Upper Limit of Normal (ULN)
  • Eligibility of patients receiving any medications or substances known to affect or determined following review of their case by the Principal Investigator.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents.
  • Patients may not have received prior treatment with Imatinib.
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  • Pregnant or nursing women are excluded from this study because Imatinib has potential teratogenic effects and excretion in breast milk is unknown.
  • No prior malignancies except for: adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer, cervical carcinoma-in-situ, adequately treated Stage I or II cancer from which patient is in complete remission, or any other cancer from which patient has been disease free for 5 years.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00947830

Locations
Canada, Ontario
Juravinski Cancer Centre
Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, L8V 5C2
Sponsors and Collaborators
Brian Leber
University Health Network, Toronto
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Brian Leber, MDCM Hamilton Health Sciences Corporation
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Brian Leber, Professor of Medicine, Hamilton Health Sciences Corporation
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00947830     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: OCT-1
Study First Received: July 27, 2009
Last Updated: January 10, 2013
Health Authority: Canada: Health Canada

Keywords provided by McMaster University:
CML
intracellular imatinib level
OCT-1

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Myeloproliferative Disorders
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Imatinib
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 28, 2014