Fulvestrant and Anastrozole as Consolidation Therapy in Postmenopausal Women With Advanced Non-small Cell Lung Cancer

This study has been terminated.
(Poor enrollment/suspended to accrual; will close per AstraZeneca request)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Pittsburgh
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00932152
First received: July 1, 2009
Last updated: February 12, 2014
Last verified: February 2014
  Purpose

This research study will test whether dual anti-estrogen therapy (anastrozole and fulvestrant) slows the time to when the cancer progresses.


Condition Intervention Phase
Non-small Cell Lung Cancer
Postmenopausal Women
Drug: fulvestrant (Faslodex)
Drug: anastrozole (Arimidex)
Drug: Bevacizumab (Avastin)
Drug: Best supportive care
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Randomized Trial of Fulvestrant and Anastrozole as Consolidation Therapy in Postmenopausal Women With Advanced Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Who Have Received First-line Platinum-based Chemotherapy With or Without Bevacizumab

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Pittsburgh:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To evaluate the progression-free survival. [ Time Frame: 1.5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To evaluate the time to overall survival, time to progression, and toxicities [ Time Frame: 1.5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • To evaluate the levels of 17b-estradiol, VEGF, E-selectin, thrombospondin-1 and IGF-1, and other biomarkers in the plasma. [ Time Frame: 1.5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • To evaluate biomarkers (ERa, ERb, PR, VEGF and aromatase expression) in baseline, archival tumor tissue and correlate their expression with progression-free survival, time to progression, and overall survival. [ Time Frame: 1.5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 3
Study Start Date: September 2010
Study Completion Date: January 2013
Primary Completion Date: January 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Arm B, Group 1
Best supportive care only: antibiotics, analgesics, antiemetics, thoracentesis, pleurodesis, blood transfusions, and/or nutritional support PRN
Drug: Best supportive care
Subjects will not receive any chemotherapy for NSCLC nor will they received anti-cancer surgery, immunotherapy, radiotherapy or hormonal therapy. Among the therapies they may take are therapies considered acceptable include, but are not limited to, antibiotics, analgesics, antiemetics, thoracentesis, pleurodesis, blood transfusions, and/or nutritional support (enteral or parenteral
Other Name: Antibiotics, analgesics, antiemetics, thoracentesis, pleurodesis, blood transfusions, and/or nutritional support
Active Comparator: Arm B, Group 2
Best supportive care and Bevacizumab 15mg/kg every 21 days
Drug: Bevacizumab (Avastin)
Bevacizumab (Avastin) 15 mg/kg IV, every 21 days
Other Name: Bevacizumab (Avastin)
Drug: Best supportive care
Subjects will not receive any chemotherapy for NSCLC nor will they received anti-cancer surgery, immunotherapy, radiotherapy or hormonal therapy. Among the therapies they may take are therapies considered acceptable include, but are not limited to, antibiotics, analgesics, antiemetics, thoracentesis, pleurodesis, blood transfusions, and/or nutritional support (enteral or parenteral
Other Name: Antibiotics, analgesics, antiemetics, thoracentesis, pleurodesis, blood transfusions, and/or nutritional support
Experimental: Arm A, Group 1
Fulvestrant and anastrozole only
Drug: fulvestrant (Faslodex)
Fulvestrant (Faslodex) IM 250 mg monthly after a loading dose of 500 mg on day 1 and 250 mg on day 15 of cycle 1.
Other Name: fulvestrant (Faslodex)
Drug: anastrozole (Arimidex)
Anastrozole (Arimidex) 1 mg orally QD
Other Name: anastrozole (Arimidex)
Experimental: Arm A, Group 2
Fulvestrant, anastrozole and Bevacizumab
Drug: fulvestrant (Faslodex)
Fulvestrant (Faslodex) IM 250 mg monthly after a loading dose of 500 mg on day 1 and 250 mg on day 15 of cycle 1.
Other Name: fulvestrant (Faslodex)
Drug: anastrozole (Arimidex)
Anastrozole (Arimidex) 1 mg orally QD
Other Name: anastrozole (Arimidex)
Drug: Bevacizumab (Avastin)
Bevacizumab (Avastin) 15 mg/kg IV, every 21 days
Other Name: Bevacizumab (Avastin)

Detailed Description:

Women invited to participate in this study must be post-menopausal and be 18 years of age or older. The study is being performed on a total of 100 individuals. Of this group, 75 will be in the Treatment Groups using Fulvestrant/Anastrozole with our without bevacizumab and 25 will be in the "Best Supportive Care" groups receiving no treatment or just bevacizumab at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologic or cytologic diagnosis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) (no component of small cell).
  • Patients must have stage IIIB (with malignant pleural effusion), stage IV NSCLC (as staged by the AJCC Cancer Staging Manual. 6th ed, appendix 1) or stage IV NSCLC as staged by the new AJCC staging system
  • Patients with recurrent NSCLC should have recurred 12 months or more after completion of prior chemotherapy given in the context of curative therapy (chemoradiotherapy or adjuvant therapy) are eligible
  • Patients should have been treated with 4 cycles of induction chemotherapy utilizing the following regimens: carboplatin/paclitaxel, carboplatin/gemcitabine, carboplatin/paclitaxel + bevacizumab, carboplatin/gemcitabine + bevacizumab, or carboplatin/pemetrexed +/- bevacizumab, (see Section 3.2 for acceptable doses and schedules) and should have CR, PR, or SD as best response.
  • Patients should not have progressed on prior chemotherapy for metastatic or recurrent NSCLC.
  • Must be postmenopausal female, as defined by the following criteria:

    • Prior bilateral oophorectomy or
    • Age greater than 60 years old
    • Age less than 60 years old and amenorrheic for 12 or more months in the absence of chemotherapy or ovarian suppression with FSH and estradiol in the postmenopausal range.
  • Registration/randomization should be within 6 weeks of beginning of last cycle of chemotherapy
  • Documented evidence of a tumor response of CR, PR, or SD. Tumor assessment must occur between Cycle 4 (Day 1) of induction therapy and the date of randomization. Tumor assessment will be per RECIST (Appendix 3) by the treating physician. This response does not have to be confirmed in order for the patient to be randomized; however, unconfirmed responses will be stratified in the stable disease strata. Positron emission tomography (PET) scans and ultrasound may not be used for lesion measurements for response determination
  • ECOG performance status 0, 1 or 2.
  • At least 18 years of age.
  • Adequate organ function, including the following:

Adequate bone marrow reserve: absolute neutrophil (segmented and bands) count (ANC) greater than or equal to 1.0 x10^9/L, platelets greater than or equal to 75 x10^9/L, and hemoglobin greater than or equal to 9 g/dL.

Hepatic: bilirubin less than or equal to 1.5 times the upper limit of normal (ULN), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), aspartate transaminase (AST), and alanine transaminase (ALT) less than or equal to 2.0 Renal: calculated creatinine clearance (CrCl) ≥45 mL/min based on the standard Cockcroft and Gault formula (Cockcroft and Gault 1976).

  • Prior radiotherapy must be completed at least 3 weeks before study enrollment. Patients must have recovered from the acute toxic effects of the treatment prior to study enrollment.
  • Signed informed consent document on file.
  • Patient compliance and geographic proximity that allow adequate follow up.
  • Patient must receive on-study therapy no earlier than 21 days and no later than 42 days from their last cycle (Day 1) of induction therapy.
  • Patients must have archival tissue samples. Tumor tissue will be submitted for assessment of ERa, ERb, PR, VEGF and aromatase expression. The patient must also agree to mandatory correlative blood samples at baseline, 5 weeks, 9 weeks, 13 weeks and at the time of progression.
  • Cisplatin may be used instead of carboplatin as part of the initial induction chemotherapy regimen, at the discretion of the treating physician investigator. The dose and schedule of cisplatin will be according to the standard of care for patients with stage IIIB with malignant pleural effusion or stage IV NSCLC as staged by the AJCC Cancer Staging Manual, 6th ed, appendix 1, that is equivalent to stage IV NSCLC as staged by the new 7th ed AJCC staging system.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Male gender
  • With the exception of those chemotherapies listed as Inclusion criterion (4) No other concomitant biological therapy (e.g. cetuximab) is allowed.
  • Have received experimental treatment within the last 30 days at the time of study entry.
  • Inability to comply with protocol or study procedures.
  • A serious concomitant systemic disorder that, in the opinion of the investigator, would compromise the patient's ability to complete the study.
  • Concurrent administration of any other antitumor therapy (except arm B, who are allowed to continue with bevacizumab).
  • Pregnant or breast feeding.
  • Have a prior malignancy other than NSCLC, carcinoma in situ of the cervix, or nonmelanoma skin cancer, unless that prior malignancy was diagnosed and definitively treated at least 5 years previously with no subsequent evidence of recurrence.
  • Patients with two or more deep vein thromboses, or an active deep vein thrombosis.
  • Patients taking hormone replacement therapy or other hormonal therapies
  • The International Normalized Ratio (INR) must be < 1.6 within 28 days prior to registration.
  • Patients with bleeding diathesis (i.e., disseminated intravascular coagulation [DIC], clotting factor deficiency) or a history of recent history of hemoptysis (1/2 tsp of red blood). Patients on stable long term anticoagulation prior to starting this trial are allowed.
  • History of hypersensitivity to active or inactive excipients of fulvestrant (ie castor oil or Mannitol).
  • Treatment of NSCLC with squamous cell histology with bevacizumab.
  • No progressive Brain or CNS metastases
  • No other concurrent anticancer therapy is allowed other than Bevacizumab
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00932152

Locations
United States, Pennsylvania
University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15232
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Pittsburgh
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Ahmad Tarhini, MD University of Pittsburgh
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: University of Pittsburgh
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00932152     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: UPCI 08-131
Study First Received: July 1, 2009
Last Updated: February 12, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by University of Pittsburgh:
advanced non-small cell lung cancer
postmenopausal
bevacizumab
fulvestrant
anastrozole

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Analgesics
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Antibiotics, Antitubercular
Antiemetics
Fulvestrant
Anastrozole
Bevacizumab
Estradiol
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Central Nervous System Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Anti-Infective Agents
Antitubercular Agents
Autonomic Agents
Gastrointestinal Agents
Estrogen Antagonists
Estrogen Receptor Modulators

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 31, 2014