Abatacept Versus Adalimumab Head-to-Head

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Bristol-Myers Squibb
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00929864
First received: June 29, 2009
Last updated: January 3, 2014
Last verified: January 2014
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is demonstrate that subcutaneous abatacept is non-inferior (no worse than) to subcutaneous adalimumab in the treatment of subjects with rheumatoid arthritis who are biologic naive


Condition Intervention Phase
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Drug: Abatacept
Drug: Adalimumab
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Head-to-Head, Single-Blind Study to Compare the Efficacy and Safety of Subcutaneous Abatacept Versus Subcutaneous Adalimumab, Both With Background Methotrexate, in Biologic-Naive Subjects With Rheumatoid Arthritis

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Bristol-Myers Squibb:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The Proportion of Participants Meeting the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) Criteria of 20% Improvement (ACR20) After 12 Months of Treatment - Intent to Treat Population [ Time Frame: Day 1 to Day 365 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Proportion(%)=number of participants meeting criteria (n) divided by number of participants who received drug (N). The ACR score indicates degree of improvement in a patient's rheumatoid arthritis (RA), based on guidelines set forth by the ACR and represents a percentage. To qualify a ACR20 score, patient must have >=20% fewer tender joints and >=20% fewer swollen joints and show 20% improvement from baseline in at least 3 of: patient overall assessment of his/her RA, physician global assessment of the patient's RA, patient self-assessment of pain, patient self-assessment of physical functioning, and results of an erythrocyte sedimentation rate or C-reactive protein (CRP) test (to assess inflammation). Baseline was Day 1. Randomization was stratified using screening Disease Activity Score-28 (DAS28) CRP, a composite of 4 variables: number of tender joints/28, number of swollen joints/28, CRP in mg/L and participant assessment of disease activity with visual analogue scale.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Proportion of Participants With Local Injection Site Reactions Adverse Events (Pre-specified) Reported During 12 Month Period - ITT Population [ Time Frame: Day 1 to 12 Months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    n=number of participants with a pre-specified local injection site reaction event, N=number of participants at risk. Proportion (%) = n/N. 12 Months includes data up to 56 days post last dose of the first 12 months Period or start of the first dose of second 12 months period.

  • Incidence Rate of Local Injection Site Reactions (Pre-specified) Reported During 24 Month Period - ITT Population [ Time Frame: Day 1 to Day 729 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Incidence Rate: (incidence/100 person-years) = number of participants with event * 100 /exposure (person-years) Exposure (person-years) = the sum over all participants of the exposure per participant in the 24 months (censored at the time of first occurrence of AE) expressed in days, divided by 365.25. The 24 Month Period includes data up to 56 days post the last dose in the 24 month period. Poisson distribution used to construct the 95% CIs.

  • Proportion of Participants Without Radiographic Progression in Total Score Less Than or Equal to the Smallest Detectable Change (SDC) From Baseline to Months 12 and 24 Using Modified Van Der Heijde Total Sharp Score (mSvdHS) - ITT Population [ Time Frame: Baseline to Day 729 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Plain radiographs of hands and feet taken at baseline (BL), Day 365, and Day 729. BL and Day 365 radiographs were re-read concurrent with Day 729 films by readers blinded to sequence and treatment (a second pre-specified reading campaign). SDC defined as amount of change for which anything smaller could not be reliably distinguished from random error in measurement of simultaneously read films. Non-progression defined: change from BL (Day 1, prior to dosing) in total score less than, equal to (<=) SDC(2.2). Proportion n/m (%)=number meeting criteria (n); number analyzed (m). SDC calculated as SD/sqrt(2)*1.96/sqrt(2)with standard deviation (SD) of paired differences of change from BL in total score between 2 readers; squared root(sqrt). mSvdHS=summary of erosion severity in 32 hand and 12 foot joints. Hand joints scored 0 to 5; foot joints 0 to 10 with 0=no erosion and higher numbers indicating greater erosion severity. BL: radiographic data within 14 days or less of first dose.

  • Incidence Rate of Serious Adverse Events (SAEs), Serious Infections, Pre-specified Opportunistic Infections, and Discontinuation for Any Cause at 12 Months of Treatment - ITT Population [ Time Frame: Day 1 to Day 365 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Pre-specified opportunistic infections include: pneumonia, tuberculosis, herpes zoster, combined opportunistic infections, all hospitalized infections. Incidence Rate: incidence/100 person-years: numerator was number of unique events within this period (up to 56 days post-last dose of first 12 months or start of first dose of second 12 months); denominator was overall total exposure (person-years) within this period, calculated as sum over all participants of exposure (in days) divided by 365.25. The resulting incidence rate was multiplied by 100 to express rate per 100 person-years. AE=any new unfavorable symptom, sign, or disease or worsening of a preexisting condition that may not have a causal relationship with treatment. SAE is a medical event that at any dose results in death, persistent or significant disability/incapacity, or drug dependency/abuse; is life-threatening, an important medical event, or a congenital anomaly/birth defect; or requires or prolongs hospitalization.

  • Incidence Rate of Serious Adverse Events (SAEs), Serious Infections, Pre-specified Opportunistic Infections, and Discontinuation for Any Cause at 24 Months of Treatment - ITT Population [ Time Frame: Day 1 to Day 729 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Pre-specified opportunistic infections include: pneumonia, tuberculosis, herpes zoster, combined opportunistic infections, and all hospitalized infections. Incidence Rate: incidence/100 person-years: numerator was number of unique events within this period (up to 56 days post the last dose of the 24 Months period); denominator was overall total exposure (person-years) within this period, which was calculated as the sum over all participants of exposure (in days) divided by 365.25. The resulting incidence rate was multiplied by 100 to express the rate per 100 person-years. AE=any new unfavorable symptom, sign, or disease or worsening of a preexisting condition that may not have a causal relationship with treatment. SAE is a medical event that at any dose results in death, persistent or significant disability/incapacity, or drug dependency/abuse; is life-threatening, an important medical event, or a congenital anomaly/birth defect; or requires or prolongs hospitalization.

  • Proportion of Participants With Induction of Autoantibodies During the 12 Months and 24 Months Periods - ITT Population [ Time Frame: Day 1 to Day 729 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The induction of autoantibodies was defined as participant's antinuclear antibodies (ANA) or anti-double stranded deoxyribonucleic acid (dsDNA) converting from a negative status at baseline to a positive status at a post-baseline measurement time point (Day 365 or Day 729). Proportion (%) = n/m, where n=number of participants with positive ANA or dsDNA at a time point and m=number of participants who had negative ANA or dsDNA at baseline. Blood samples were first tested for ANA by indirect fluorescent assay using HEp-2 Cell Line Substrate, and when positive, samples were further tested for anti-dsDNA by indirect fluorescent assay using Crithidia Luciliae Substrate.


Enrollment: 869
Study Start Date: October 2009
Study Completion Date: November 2012
Primary Completion Date: October 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Abatacept Drug: Abatacept
Syringes, Subcutaneous, 125 mg/syringe for Subcutaneous, Weekly Subcutaneous injections, 24 months (729 days)
Other Names:
  • Orencia
  • BMS-188667
Active Comparator: Adalimumab Drug: Adalimumab
Syringes, Subcutaneous, 40 mg, Biweekly Subcutaneous injections, 24 months (729 days)
Other Name: Humira

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Moderate to severe Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) according to American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria
  • Methotrexate failure
  • Naive to RA biologics
  • ≤5 years duration of disease
  • Disease Activity Score-28 C-reactive protein (DAS28 CRP) ≥ 3.2
  • Willingness to self-inject subcutaneous (SC) drug

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Previous or current medical conditions that are warnings against the use of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-blocking agents
  • History of active or chronic hepatitis
  • Cancer in the last 5 years
  • History of severe chronic or recurrent bacterial or viral infections
  • Risk of tuberculosis
  • Current symptoms of severe, progressive, or uncontrolled renal, hepatic, hematologic, Gastro-intestinal, pulmonary, cardiac, neurologic, or cerebral disease
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00929864

  Show 84 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Investigators
Study Director: Bristol-Myers Squibb Bristol-Myers Squibb
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided by Bristol-Myers Squibb

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Bristol-Myers Squibb
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00929864     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IM101-235
Study First Received: June 29, 2009
Results First Received: November 14, 2013
Last Updated: January 3, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration
Argentina: Minesterio de Salud
Canada: Health Canada
Chile: Instituto de Salud Publica de Chile
Colombia: INVIMA Instituto Nacional de Vigilancia de Medicamentos y Alimentos
Peru: Instituto Nacional de Salud

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Arthritis
Arthritis, Rheumatoid
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases
Connective Tissue Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Abatacept
Adalimumab
Antirheumatic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Inflammatory Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 15, 2014