Comparison of the Tuberculin Skin Test (TST) and QuantiFERON ®-TB Gold Test (QFT-G) In Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis Being Considered for Anti-TNF-Alpha Therapy
Recruitment status was Recruiting
This research will help doctors interested in the usefulness of a new test to discover hidden tuberculosis infections in patients diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This new test is called Quantiferon-Gold (QFT-G). After immune system medicines that block TNF-alpha (a protein manufactured by white blood cells to stimulate and activate the immune system in response to infection or cancer) started to be used, the rate of tuberculosis infections in patients treated with these medicines has increased. Doctors think that the investigators may be missing some tuberculosis infections that were hidden before the medicine is started. This new QFT-G test might better diagnose these hidden tuberculosis infections than the current tuberculosis skin test, also known as a PPD/TST. The investigators would like to compare these two tests to find out which is better at detecting these hidden infections. At the same time the investigators will measure the strength of the patient's immune system with a blood test. If you are being considered for a TNF-alpha inhibitor medicine, or are getting the patient's routine PPD/TST, the investigators are asking for the patient's participation.
|Study Design:||Time Perspective: Prospective|
|Official Title:||Comparison of the Tuberculin Skin Test (TST) and QuantiFERON ®-TB Gold Test (QFT-G) In Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis Being Considered for Anti-TNF-Alpha Therapy|
- Primary endpoints are the results of the QFT-G test (defined as positive, negative or indeterminate) and the results of the TST (defined as positive or negative). [ Time Frame: Patients will be enrolled over a 2 year time frame ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Secondary endpoints include the percentage and numbers of CD45RO (memory T cells), the response PHA intradermal antigen placement, numbers of hypoergic TSTs, and the results of cell mediated immunity (CMI) assays. [ Time Frame: Patients will be enrolled over a 2 year time period ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||May 2009|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||June 2011|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||May 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
The study group will consist of RA patients of the Walter Reed Army Medical Center (WRAMC) rheumatology clinic being considered for treatment with anti-TNF alpha therapy. We will enter patients into the study over a projected course of 12-24 months or until we reach the statistical requirement of 60 subjects.
The control group will consist of healthy subjects without known immune-dysregulation or history of treatment with biologic agents who present to the WRAMC Allergy- Immunology clinic for routine screening TST as a part of current WRAMC policy.
In recent years the use of biologic agents for the treatment of rheumatic conditions has called into question the utility of the classic tuberculin skin test (TST) for the diagnosis of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). Current clinical rheumatology practice requires potential candidates of biologic therapy to have a negative TST before beginning biologic therapy. But since the TST is time consuming, operator dependent, and fraught with error, it may fail to alert physicians of LTBI in patients with autoimmune diseases and or pharmaceutical immunosuppression. Reactions to intradermal antigen placement requires many cellular interactions, but chiefly they must possess , a sufficient number of memory T cells, the ability to proliferate a clone of T cells specific to the antigen that is introduced, and the ability to traffic these effector cells to the local site. If any of these components are missing the individual may be unable to mount a type IV hypersensitivity (DTH-IV) reaction which is the basis for the TST. While many have recently compared the performance of the new IFN-gamma release assays (IGRAs) like the QuantiFERON-γ TB GOLD® (QFT-G) to the TST for the diagnosis of LTBI, no one has investigated the immunologic factors that may affect these results. Some have postulated that the QFT-G may be less affected by immune-suppression than the TST in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). But recently this was called into question when significant numbers of indeterminate QFT-G results were seen in RA patients. Therefore, we plan to address two current clinical questions. First, what is the best screening strategy for LTBI in RA patients being started on biologic agents - TST, QFT-G or both? Second, is there utility in conducting immune competence testing in RA patients to predict those whom may be unable to generate a positive TST and/or QFT-G. This observational and exploratory pilot study will compare normal matched controls to RA patients being considered for anti-TNF alpha therapy. We will perform a comprehensive evaluation of the immune system by measuring memory T cell numbers with flow cytometry, the ability of memory T cells to proliferate to the tuberculin antigen or purified protein derivative (PPD), and phytohemagglutinin (PHA) antigen via the lymphocyte proliferation assay QunatiFERON-CMI.™ We will also investigate memory T cell trafficking ability via intradermal PPD and PHA antigen placement. Results of QFT-G tests will be compared to the TST with an emphasis on those results which are discordant. We will further attempt to identify immunocompetence testing which may help identify those patients who are unable to mount a DTH-IV response. In order to detect a statistical difference in this specific test population we will use analysis of variance for continuous or ordinal variables and the chi-square test (or Fisher exact test) for categorical data statistics. We hope to contribute to the body of literature regarding the best screening strategy for LTBI in patients with RA, and explore the concept of screening for immune competence in this specific population, which has not been elucidated in the literature.
|Contact: Robert O Holmes, DOfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Adam T Armstrong, DOemail@example.com|
|United States, District of Columbia|
|Walter Reed Army Medical Center||Recruiting|
|Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20307|
|Contact: Adam T Armstrong, DO 202-782-6734 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Peter Henning, DO 202-782-6734 email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator: Adam T Armstrong, DO|
|Principal Investigator: Robert O Holmes, DO|
|Principal Investigator:||Adam T Armstrong, DO||Rheumatology Fellow - Walter Reed Army Medical Center|
|Study Chair:||Robert O Holmes, DO||National Naval Medical Center|