Pilot and Feasibility Study of Reduced-Intensity Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant for MonoMAC

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00923364
First received: June 17, 2009
Last updated: August 13, 2014
Last verified: July 2014
  Purpose

Background:

  • Stem cells are immature blood cells that grow in the bone marrow and produce all of the cells needed for normal blood and immunity. Stem cells can be taken from one person (donor) and given to another person (recipient) through allogeneic stem cell transplantation. Donor stem cells can then replace the recipient s stem cells in the bone marrow, restoring normal blood production and immunity. Most allogeneic transplants now use stem cells collected from the donor s blood in a process called peripheral blood stem cell transplantation.
  • MonoMAC is an immunodeficiency disease that is characterized by a lack of monocytes, a type of white blood cell, and an increased risk of developing mycobacteria infections that may cause tuberculosis.
  • Allogeneic stem cell transplantation has been used successfully to treat many kinds of immune diseases and cancers that develop in blood or immune system cells. Researchers have been studying a particular kind of stem cell transplantation that uses lower than usual doses of chemotherapy and particular combinations of drugs to improve the results of the procedure for patients with blood-related cancers and pre-cancerous conditions.

Objectives:

  • To determine the safety and efficacy of reduced-intensity hematopoietic stem cell transplants (a particular stem cell transplantation procedure) for treating MonoMAC.

Eligibility:

  • Patients 18 60 years of age who have MonoMAC and who have been matched with a suitable stem cell donor.

Design:

  • Donors and recipients will undergo separate procedures as part of this protocol.
  • Donors:
  • National Institutes of Health researchers will take the donor s medical history, perform a physical exam, take blood samples, and explain the procedure. Tests will be performed to check the donor s heart, lung, kidney, and liver function.
  • Donors will receive injections of a drug called filgrastim (G-CSF), which causes stem cells to travel from bone marrow into blood. The G-CSF shots will be given for 5 to 7 days before the collection procedure.
  • Donors will undergo apheresis to collect white blood cells and stem cells directly from the blood, which can be done as an outpatient procedure. Researchers may consider the alternative of directly collecting bone marrow from the donor, which will require an overnight hospital stay.
  • Recipients:
  • Recipients will receive 3 days of pre-transplant chemotherapy and radiation therapy to prepare for the transplant. For 4 days before the transplant, recipients will receive the chemotherapy drug fludarabine, followed by a single dose of radiation therapy, and will also receive the drugs tacrolimus and sirolimus to prevent the donor cells from attacking the recipient s normal tissues.
  • Recipients will then receive the transplant of donor stem cells and will continue to receive tacrolimus and sirolimus for 3 months after the transplant to prevent the donor cells from attacking the recipient s normal tissues. Recipients will be discharged from the hospital once their condition is stable.
  • Recipients will visit the NCI clinic regularly for the first 5 months after the transplant, and then less often for at least 5 years. Recipients may receive additional donor immune cells (donor lymphocyte infusion) after the transplant if the study doctors believe they are needed.

Condition Intervention Phase
MonoMAC
Myelodysplastic Syndrome
Immunodeficiency
Procedure: Reduced-Intensity Hematopoietic Stem Cell
Drug: Fludarabine
Procedure: Total Body Irradiation (TBI)
Drug: Filgrastim
Drug: Sirolimus
Drug: Tacrolimus
Drug: Ursodiol
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Pilot and Feasibility Study of Reduced-Intensity Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant for Patients With GATA2 Mutations

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Determine efficacy, whether reduced-intensity allogeneic HSCT results in engraftment and restores normal hematopoiesis by day +100 in patients with MonoMAC. Determine the safety of this HSCT regimen in MonoMAC including transplant related toxici...

Enrollment: 19
Study Start Date: March 2009
Estimated Study Completion Date: November 2015
Intervention Details:
    Procedure: Reduced-Intensity Hematopoietic Stem Cell
    N/A
    Drug: Fludarabine
    N/A
    Procedure: Total Body Irradiation (TBI)
    N/A
    Drug: Filgrastim
    N/A
    Drug: Sirolimus
    N/A
    Drug: Tacrolimus
    N/A
    Drug: Ursodiol
    N/A
Detailed Description:

BACKGROUND:

Mutations in GATA2 lead to an immunodeficiency disease that transforms intomyelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). This syndrome, previously known as MonoMAC, has 4 clinical features: 1) infections with Mycobacterium Avium Complex (MAC) and other opportunistic infections as a teenager or young adult, 2) a peripheral blood leukocyte flow cytometry profile with Tlymphocytes, but a severe deficiency of monocytes, B-lymphocytes, and Natural Killer (NK) cells, 3) the propensity to progress to MDS/AML, and 4) mutations in the gene GATA2. In this pilot study we propose to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a reduced intensity allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) regimen for patients with mutations in GATA2. We are particularly interested in determining whether allogeneic HSCT using this regimen reconstitutes normal hematopoiesis in patients with mutations in GATA2.

OBJECTIVES:

Primary Objective:

  • To determine efficacy, namely whether reduced-intensity allogeneic HSCT results in engraftment and restores normal hematopoiesis by day +100 in patients with mutations in GATA2.
  • To determine the safety of this HSCT regimen in patients with mutations in GATA2, including transplant related toxicity, the incidence of acute and chronic graft-versushost disease, immune reconstitution, overall survival, and disease-free survival

ELIGIBILITY:

Eligibility includes patients 12-60 years old with mutations in GATA2 who have a life expectancy of > 3 months but < 24 months, and who have a 10/10 matched related donor, a 10/10 or 9/10 matched unrelated donor (HLA -A, -B, -C, DRB1, DQB1 by high resolution typing identified through the National Marrow Donor Program), a 4/6 (or greater HLA -A, -B, DRB1) matched unrelated umbilical cord donor, or a haploidentical donor. Patients with GATA2 mutations who are 12-17 years of age are required to have MDS with chromosomal abnormalities to be eligible for this protocol.

DESIGN:

  • Patients with mutations in GATA2 with a 10/10 matched related or 10/10 matched unrelated donor, will receive a reduced-intensity pre-transplant conditioning regimen consisting of fludarabine 30 mg/m2/day on days -4, -3, and -2, 200 cGy total body irradiation (TBI) on day -1, and HSCT on day 0. Patients with mutations in GATA2 and a 9/10 matched unrelated donor will receive a reduced-intensity pre-transplantconditioning regimen consisting of fludarabine 30 mg/m2/day on days -4, -3, and -2, 300cGy total body irradiation (TBI) on day -1, and HSCT on day 0. Patients with mutations in GATA2 with umbilical cord blood units will receive a reduced-intensity conditioningregimen with cyclophosphamide 50 mg/kg on day -6, fludarabine 40 mg/m2 on days -6 to -2, equine ATG 30 mg/kg IV on days -6, -5 and -4, 200 cGy TBI on day -1, and HSCT on day 0. Patients with a haploidentical donor will receive a reduced intensity-conditioning regimen with cyclophosphamide 14.5 mg/kg on days -6 and -5, fludarabine 30 mg/m2 on 4days -6 to -2, and 200 cGy TBI on day -1. Donor bone marrow cells will be infused on day 0.
  • Post-transplant immunosuppression for graft-versus-host-disease prophylaxis will consist of sirolimus (Rapamycin) and tacrolimus until day +180, provided that there is no evidence of graft-versus-host disease. Post-transplant immunosuppression for graftversus-host-disease prophylaxis for recipients of haploidentical donors will consist of cyclophosphamide 50 mg/kg on days +3 and +4, along with sirolimus from day +5 to day 180, and tacrolimus from day +5 to day 180, providing that there is no GVHD.
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years to 60 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA RECIPIENT:

    1. Patient age of 12-60 years
    2. GATA2 Mutation Syndrome

      1. Clinical history of at least two episodes of life-threatening infection with opportunistic organisms, one of which is a MAC infection.
      2. Mutation in the GATA2 gene performed by the CLIA certified laboratory of Dr. Steven Holland of the NIAID Institute of the NIH.
    3. Available 10/10 HLA-matched related or 8/8 matched unrelated donor, or 4/6 (or greater) matched umbilical cord blood (UCB) unit(s) with a total dose of greater than or equal to 3.5 times 10(7) TNC/kg.
    4. Patients may have evidence of MDS with one or more peripheral blood cytopenias and greater than 5% blasts but less than 10% blasts in the bone marrow in the absence of GCSF.

      Patients previously treated for acute myelogenous leukemia are eligible if they have less than or equal to 10% blasts in the bone marrow in the absence of G-CSF.

      Subjects 12-17 years of age are required to have MDS with chromosomal abnormalities in addition to mutation in the GATA2 gene for enrollment on this protocol.

    5. Left ventricular ejection fraction > 50%, preferably by 2-D echo, or by MUGA, or shortening fraction > 28% by ECHO, obtained within 28 days of enrollment.
    6. Pulmonary Function Tests: Adult patients: Corrected DLCO diffusion capacity and FEV1 greater than 10% of expected value obtained within 28 days of enrollment. Pediatric patients: DLCO corrected for hemoglobin and alveolar volume greater than or equal to 20% of predicted.
    7. Creatinine: Adult patients: less than or equal to 2.0 mg/dl and creatinine clearance greater than or equal to 30 ml/min; Pediatric patients: age-adjusted normal serum creatinine OR a creatinine clearance > 60 mL/min/1.73m(2).
    8. Serum total bilirubin less than 2.5 mg/dl; serum ALT and AST less than or equal to 5 times upper limit of normal .
    9. Adequate central venous access potential.
    10. Written informed consent/assent obtained from patient/parent or legal guardian.
    11. Life expectancy of at least 3 months but less than 24 months.
    12. Disease status: Patients are to be referred in remission for evaluation. Should a patient have progressive disease or a donor not be available after enrollment, the patient will be referred back to their primary hematologist-oncologist for treatment. If this course of action is not in the best interest of the patient according to the clinical judgment of the PI/LAI, then the patient may receive standard treatment for the malignant disease under the current study. If under either of these settings, it becomes apparent that the patient will not be able to proceed to transplant, then he/she must come off study. Recipient-Subjects receiving a standard therapy will be told about the therapy, associated risks, benefits alternatives of the proposed therapy, and availability of receiving the same treatment elsewhere, outside of a research protocol.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA- RECIPIENT:

  1. HIV infection.
  2. Chronic active hepatitis B. Patient may be hepatitis B core antibody positive. For patients with a concomitant positive hepatitis B surface antigen, patients will require a hepatology consultation. The risk-benefit profile of transplant and hepatitis B will be discussed with the patient, and eligibility determined by the PI and the protocol chairperson.
  3. History of psychiatric disorder which may compromise compliance with transplant protocol, or which does not allow for appropriate informed consent.
  4. Active infection that is not responding to antimicrobial therapy.
  5. Active CNS involvement by malignancy (patients with known positive CSF cytology or parenchymal lesions visible by CT or MRI).
  6. Pregnant or lactating.
  7. Sexually active individuals capable of becoming pregnant who are unable or unwilling to use effective form(s) of contraception during time enrolled on study and for 1 year post-transplant. Effective forms of contraception include one or more of the following: intrauterine device (IUD), hormonal (birth control pills, injections, or implants), tubal ligation/hysterectomy, partner s vasectomy, barrier methods, (condom, diaphragm, or cervical cap), or abstinence. The effects on breast-milk are also unknown and may be harmful to the infant; therefore, women should not breast feed during the interval from study entry to one year post-transplant. Males on the protocol must use an effective form of contraception at study entry, and for one year post-transplant. The effects of transplant, the radiation, and the medications used after transplant may be harmful to a fetus.
  8. Presence of active malignancy in another organ system other than the hematopoietic
  9. No available 10/10 HLA-matched related or 8/8 matched unrelated donor, or 4/6 (or greater) matched UCB unit(s) with a total dose of greater than or equal to 3.5 times 10(7) TNC/kg.
  10. Lack of mutation in GATA2 as demonstrated by the CLIA certified laboratory of Dr. Steven Holland in the NIAID.

INCLUSION CRITERIA- MATCHED RELATED DONOR:

  1. Related donor matched at HLA-A, B, C, DR, and DQ loci by high resolution typing (10/10 antigen/allele match) are acceptable donors.
  2. Matched related donors for pediatric recipients must be 18 years of age or older. If more than one matched related donor is available, we will select the oldest donor to further decrease the risk of potential disease transmission.
  3. Ability to give informed consent.
  4. Age 18-60 years.
  5. No history of life-threatening opportunistic infection.
  6. Adequate venous access for peripheral apheresis, or consent to use a temporary central venous catheter for apheresis.
  7. Donors must be HIV negative, hepatitis B surface antigen negative, and hepatitis C antibody negative. This is to prevent the possible transmission of these infections to the recipient.
  8. A donor who is lactating must be willing and able to interrupt breast-feeding or substitute formula feeding for her infant during the period of filgrastim administration and for two days following the final dose. Filgrastim may be secreted in human milk, although its bioavailability from this source is not known. Limited clinical data suggest that short-term administration of filgrastim or sargramostim to neonates is not associated with adverse outcomes.

INCLUSION CRITERIA- MATCHED UNRELATED DONOR:

  1. Unrelated donor matched at 10/10 or 9/10 HLA-A, B, C, DRB1, and DQB1 loci by high resolution typing.
  2. Matched unrelated donors for pediatric recipients must be 18 years of age or older.
  3. The evaluation of donors shall be in accordance with existing NMDP Standard Policies and Procedures. General donor inclusion criteria specified in the NMDP Standard.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA- MATCHED RELATED DONOR:

  1. Age less than 18 years.
  2. HIV infection.
  3. Chronic active hepatitis B. Donor may be hepatitis core antibody positive.
  4. History of psychiatric disorder which in the opinion of the PI may compromise compliance with transplant protocol, or which does not allow to be appropriately informed.
  5. History of hypertension that is not controlled by medication, stroke, or severe heart disease. Individuals with symptomatic angina will be considered to have severe heart disease and will not be eligible to be a donor.
  6. Other medical contraindications to stem cell donation (i.e. severe atherosclerosis, autoimmune disease, iritis or episcleritis, deep venous thrombosis, cerebrovascular accident).
  7. History of prior malignancy. However, cancer survivors who have undergone potentially curative therapy may be considered for stem cell donation on a case-by-case basis. The risk/benefit of the transplant and the possibility of transmitting viable tumor cells at the time of transplantation will be discussed with the patient.
  8. Donors must not be pregnant. Pregnancy is an absolute contraindication under this protocol. The effects of cytokine administration on a fetus are unknown. Donors of childbearing potential must use an effective method of contraception. Effective forms of contraception include one or more of the following: intrauterine device (IUD), hormonal (birth control pills, injections, or implants), tubal ligation/hysterectomy, partner s vasectomy, barrier methods, (condom, diaphragm, or cervical cap), or abstinence.
  9. Thrombocytopenia (platelets less than 150,000 per micro l) at baseline evaluation.
  10. Donors receiving experimental therapy or investigational agents.
  11. Sensitivity to filgrastim or to E. coli-derived recombinant protein products.
  12. History of autoimmune disorders, with the exception of thyroid disorders.
  13. History of documented deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA- MATCHED UNRELATED DONOR:

Failure to qualify as an NMDP donor

INCLUSION CRITERIA- UMBILICAL CORD BLOOD UNIT-HLA TYPING AND DOSE

  1. At least an HLA UCB 4/6 match (Class I-A, B by low resolution, and Class II-DR by high resolution) to recipient. The following algorithm will be applied to determine if patient will receive single or double umbilical cord graft:
  2. For Single UCB SCT:

    • If 6/6 match the unit must have > 3 x 10(7) nucleated cells /kg of recipient body weight.
    • If 5/6 match the unit must have > 4 x 10(7) nucleated cells /kg of recipient body weight.
    • If 4/6 match the unit must have > 5 x 10(7) nucleated cells/kg of recipient body weight. Recipient body weight will be determined as per standard guidelines.
  3. If no single UCB with the above characteristics is available, a double UCB will be considered. Units will be selected with the following criteria:

    • Both units will be at least 4/6 match (Class I-A, B by low resolution, Class II-DR by high resolution) to recipient, and should be at least a 4/6 match (Class I-A, B by low resolution, Class II-DR by high resolution) to each other.
    • At least one UCB will have a minimum cell dose of 2.0 X 10(7) TNC/kg of recipient body weight.
    • The minimum combined dose of both units must be at least 3.5 x 10(7) TNC/kg of recipient body weight.
    • The smaller of the two units (UCB2) will have a minimum of 1.5 X 10(7) TNC/kg of recipient body weight.
    • The TNC of non-RBC reduced units will be dose corrected by -25% to allow for cell loss while washing the unit.

INCLUSION CRITERIA- HAPLOIDENTICAL RELATED DONOR:

  • A haploidentical donor that shares one haplotype in common with the recipient such that HLA compatibility will be a minimum of 5 out of 10 HLA loci matched. The HLA loci to be tested will be HLA A, B, Cw, DRB1, and DQB1. A minimum number of mismatches is desirable; however if several options are available the selection of a donor will be based on the loci where the mismatch occurs and the relative importance of its potential immunological function. Donor-recipient pairs will initially be typed molecularly to provide a low resolution typing (antigen-level) to aid in the selection of the potential donor. Upon review of the familial inheritance pattern, a qualified HLA staff member will review haplotype inheritance. High resolution (allele-level) typing will be performed. Final selection of a donor will be in consultation with NCI physicians and qualified HLA personnel. Haploidentical related donors for pediatric recipients must be 15 years of age or older. If more than one haploidentical related donor is available, we will evaluate each donor individually according to overall health, ABO matching, CMV, etc. to select the donor
  • Age 15-60 years
  • No history of life-threatening opportunistic infection
  • Adequate venous access for peripheral apheresis, or consent to use a temporary central venous catheter for apheresis.
  • Donors must be HIV negative, hepatitis B surface antigen negative, and hepatitis C antibody negative. This is to prevent the possible transmission of these infections to the recipient.
  • Haploidentical donors will undergo marrow harvest with general anesthesia. Subjects will undergo anesthesia consultation, and meet criteria for eligibility/enrollment. CD34+ fraction

will be determined.

  • Subjects will also undergo the Donor Health History Screen to determine donor eligibility using standard DTM criteria in the Dowling Apheresis Clinic by skilled staff in the Blood Services Section for adult patients and age-appropriate questioning when indicated for pediatric subjects.
  • Subjects will undergo follow-up history and physical examination within 1 week of donation.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA- HAPLOIDENTICAL DONOR:

  • Age less than 15 years.
  • HIV infection
  • Chronic active hepatitis B. Donor may be hepatitis core antibody positive.
  • History of psychiatric disorder which in the opinion of the PI may compromise compliance with transplant protocol, or which does not allow for appropriate informed
  • History of hypertension that is not controlled by medication, stroke, or severe heart disease. Individuals with symptomatic angina will be considered to have severe heart disease and will not be eligible to be a donor.
  • Other medical contraindications to stem cell donation (i.e. severe atherosclerosis, autoimmune disease, iritis or episcleritis, deep venous thrombosis, cerebrovascular accident)
  • History of prior malignancy. However, cancer survivors who have undergone potentially curative therapy may be considered for stem cell donation on a case-by-case basis. The risk/benefit of the transplant and the possibility of transmitting viable tumor cells at the time of transplantation will be discussed with the patient.
  • Donors must not be pregnant. Pregnancy is an absolute contraindication under this protocol. The effects of cytokine administration on a fetus are unknown. Donors of childbearing potential must use an effective method of contraception. Effective forms of contraception include one or more of the following: intrauterine device (IUD), hormonal (birth control pills, injections, or implants), tubal ligation/hysterectomy, partner s vasectomy, barrier methods, (condom, diaphragm, or cervical cap), or abstinence.
  • Thrombocytopenia (platelets less than 150,000 per microliter) at baseline evaluation.
  • Donors receiving experimental therapy or investigational agents.
  • Sensitivity to filgrastim or to E. coli-derived recombinant protein products.
  • History of autoimmune disorders, with the exception of thyroid disorders
  • History of documented deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism
  • Mutation in GATA2
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00923364

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Dennis D Hickstein, M.D. National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00923364     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT00884923
Other Study ID Numbers: 090096, 09-C-0096
Study First Received: June 17, 2009
Last Updated: August 13, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
MonoMAC
Transplant
Immunodeficiency
Myelodysplasia

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Preleukemia
Immune System Diseases
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Precancerous Conditions
Neoplasms
Ursodeoxycholic Acid
Fludarabine
Fludarabine phosphate
Sirolimus
Tacrolimus
Lenograstim
Cholagogues and Choleretics
Gastrointestinal Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Antineoplastic Agents
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antifungal Agents
Adjuvants, Immunologic

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 26, 2014