Characteristics and Importance of Physical Activity in Women With Anorexia Nervosa
This study will determine the importance and the level of physical activity among women with anorexia nervosa, both during inpatient treatment and 1 year after hospital discharge.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Physical Activity in Anorexia Nervosa: Characteristics and Clinical Significance|
- Change in weight [ Time Frame: Measured at baseline and 1 year after hospital discharge ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Biospecimen Retention: Samples With DNA
|Study Start Date:||February 2009|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||February 2015|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||June 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Inpatients with anorexia nervosa
Hospital inpatients with anorexia nervosa
Normal weight controls
Healthy, normal-weight volunteers
Anorexia nervosa is a disorder that causes people to maintain an unhealthily low body weight, often through eating too little or exercising too much. Treatment for anorexia nervosa often begins with a supervised program for raising a person's weight to a healthy level. This study will monitor activity levels during inpatient treatment and for 1 year after hospital discharge in order to determine the impact of physical activity on weight gain during anorexia treatment.
Participation in this study will last until 1 year after participants are discharged from inpatient treatment for anorexia nervosa. Discharge is based on each person's progression in treatment and may vary among participants. During the study, participants will have their activity monitored two or three times—at low weight, at 90% of ideal body weight (IBW), and, if the participant is living near the study clinic, within 6 weeks after discharge from the hospital. Two monitoring devices will be attached to participants continuously for 48 hours for the first two assessments and for 72 hours for the third. The first device is a SenseWear armband, which is a wireless monitor strapped to the back of the upper arm that measures body movement and body temperature. The second is an Intelligent Device for Energy Expenditure and Activity (IDEEA) monitor, which consists of five sensors that will be taped to each participant's feet, thighs, and chest. The device measures activity levels and energy expenditure. Participants will complete a blood draw within 1 week of completing activity monitoring assessments. Participants will also complete a computer "work" task at two time points—at 75% of IBW and at 90% of IBW. This task will last 40 minutes and will involve tapping a keyboard in order to earn rewards. Adult participants will also complete a dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) test to assess body composition when 90% IBW is reached.
Follow-up assessments will occur 1, 2, 4, and 8 months after discharge. These will involve a phone call or in-person visit in which health, body weight, and eating disorder symptoms are discussed. One year after discharge, participants will attend an in-person assessment that will involve completing questionnaires and an interview. Healthy participants will be recruited as a control group, and these participants will complete one session of activity monitoring, one blood draw, and self-rating forms without follow-up measurements.
|United States, New York|
|New York State Psychiatric Institute|
|New York, New York, United States, 10032|
|Principal Investigator:||Diane Klein, MD||New York State Psychiatric Institute|