Alcohol Use and Sexual Risk: An Intervention

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
University of New Mexico
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00914719
First received: June 3, 2009
Last updated: June 4, 2009
Last verified: June 2009
  Purpose

Adolescents are at great risk for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) including the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (CDC, 2000a; DiLorenzo & Whaley, 1999). Though the CDC (2000b) reports that overall AIDS incidence is on the decline, there has been no comparable decline in the number of newly diagnosed HIV cases among young people aged 13-19, and young people of color are particularly at risk. Compared to the general adolescent population, adolescents involved with the criminal justice system are younger at first intercourse, have a greater number of sex partners, and lower rates of condom use, resulting in higher rates of unintended pregnancy and STDs (e.g., St. Lawrence et al., 1999). Alcohol use is commonly cited as a reason for lack of condom use among high-risk adolescents such as those involved in the criminal justice system (e.g., Morris et al., 1998) and recent data from our research suggests that it is heavy alcohol use in concert with sexual activity that is most strongly related to lack of condom use (Bryan, Rocheleau, & Robbins, 2002a). The goal of this research is to design, implement, evaluation, and disseminate a successful HIV/STD risk reduction intervention that is theory-based, empirically targeted to adolescents, and articulated to a criminal justice setting. The study compares a sexual risk reduction intervention with a group motivational interviewing alcohol component to a standard sexual risk reduction intervention and a no treatment control condition. The investigators hope to show that: 1) A three-hour one-time intervention has the capacity to reduce sexual risk behavior up to one year post-release among high risk adolescents in detention, 2) A combined sexual and alcohol risk reduction intervention will result in larger decreases in sexual risk behavior than a sexual risk reduction alone, 3) The interventions will exert their effects through changes in mediators derived from a theoretically-based model of condom use intentions and behaviors, and 4) A sexual risk reduction intervention including an alcohol component will be especially effective for those adolescents with higher levels of existing alcohol problems. Finally, given proven efficacy, the intervention curricula and materials will be disseminated for use in adolescent detention facilities throughout the state.


Condition Intervention
Sexual Risk Behavior
Alcohol Use
Drug Use
Behavioral: Information only
Behavioral: Sexual risk reduction intervention
Behavioral: sexual risk reduction + alcohol risk reduction component

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Alcohol Use and Sexual Risk: An Intervention

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of New Mexico:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Condom use [ Time Frame: one year ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • alcohol use [ Time Frame: one year ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Estimated Enrollment: 484
Study Start Date: September 2002
Study Completion Date: August 2007
Primary Completion Date: August 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Information only Behavioral: Information only
Active Comparator: sexual risk reduction intervention Behavioral: Sexual risk reduction intervention
Experimental: SRRI+ETOH Behavioral: sexual risk reduction + alcohol risk reduction component

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   14 Years to 17 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All young people between the ages of 14 and 17 who were in the detention centers at which recruitment took place.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Age less than 14 or non-English speaking
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00914719

Locations
United States, Colorado
University of Colorado
Boulder, Colorado, United States, 80309
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of New Mexico
  More Information

Publications:
Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Angela D. Bryan, University of New Mexico
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00914719     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: R01 AA013844-01
Study First Received: June 3, 2009
Last Updated: June 4, 2009
Health Authority: United States: National Institutes of Health

Keywords provided by University of New Mexico:
sexual risk behavior among adolescents
alcohol and drug use among adolescents

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Alcohol Drinking
Drinking Behavior
Ethanol
Anti-Infective Agents, Local
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Central Nervous System Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 14, 2014