Evaluating an Exercise Program to Reduce Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Children Infected With HIV

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified February 2014 by University of Miami
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Tracie L. Miller, MD, University of Miami
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00908284
First received: May 22, 2009
Last updated: February 26, 2014
Last verified: February 2014
  Purpose

People infected with HIV are now living longer lives because of the use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). However, HAART medications have been shown to increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and metabolic dysfunction in adults. More research is needed on the effect of HAART in children. The purpose of this study is to assess cardiovascular risk factors in children infected with HIV who receive HAART medications and to determine the effectiveness of an exercise program on cardiovascular outcomes in these children.


Condition Intervention
HIV
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Cardiovascular Diseases
Behavioral: Exercise Program
Behavioral: Control Group

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Atherosclerotic Risk and Response to Exercise Intervention in HIV+ Children

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Miami:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • E-selectin, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), P-selectin, fibrinogen, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) [ Time Frame: Measured at Year 3 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • High sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), adiponectin, leptin, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), echocardiography, flow-mediated dilation (FMD), and carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) [ Time Frame: Measured at Year 3 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Body mass index (BMI), dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA), bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), resting energy expenditure (REE), bone mineral density (BMD), lipid profiles, insulin and glucose strength, and fitness measures [ Time Frame: Measured at Year 3 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Age, sex, HIV disease stage, CD4 counts, viral load, and type and length of antiretroviral therapies [ Time Frame: Measured at Year 3 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 80
Study Start Date: December 2008
Estimated Study Completion Date: June 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date: June 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Control Group
Participants will take part in a 12-week control group.
Behavioral: Control Group
Participants will attend group sessions once a week for 12 weeks to watch videos, including some exercise videos, and play games that do not require physical activity.
Experimental: Exercise Program
Participants will take part in a 12-week exercise program.
Behavioral: Exercise Program
Participants will exercise in the study exercise laboratory for 1 hour on 2 nonconsecutive days a week for 12 weeks. The program will consist of a warm-up with flexibility exercises, aerobic conditioning, a muscular circuit, and a cool-down period with flexibility training.

Detailed Description:

People infected with HIV are now living longer and healthier lives than HIV-infected people of previous generations because of the widespread use of HAART medications. However, as HIV infection becomes a more chronic illness, rather than a fatal disease, researchers are beginning to identify the long-term complications of HIV infection and its treatment. Adults infected with HIV are increasingly developing the following: hyperlipidemia and dyslipidemia, both of which are associated with high cholesterol levels; endothelial dysfunction; insulin resistance; and changes in body composition, including increased obesity levels and an increase in central body fat. These conditions are all associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. More research is needed to examine how children infected with HIV who are receiving HAART may be affected by these conditions. In this study, researchers will examine children infected with HIV who are receiving HAART (as well as a control group of children who are not infected with HIV) to evaluate vascular function and inflammation over time and how they affect body composition, fat redistribution, insulin resistance, hyperlipidemia, growth, nutrition, bone metabolism, and disease severity. This study will also evaluate the effectiveness of an exercise program on vascular function and cardiovascular outcomes in children infected with HIV who are receiving HAART.

There are two parts to this study. In Part 1, children infected with HIV and their siblings and friends who are not infected with HIV will attend study visits every 6 months for 3 years. At select visits, the following study procedures will occur: medical history review; physical exam; blood collection; body measurements; questionnaires regarding diet, quality of life, and activity levels; and an echocardiogram to obtain images of the heart.

In Part 2 of the study, a portion of participants from Part 1 of the study who are infected with HIV will be randomly assigned to take part in a 12-week exercise program or a control group. At a baseline study visit, all participants will undergo a medical history review, fitness testing, body measurements, muscle and fat measurements, blood collection, echocardiogram, questionnaires to assess quality of life and activity levels, and an ultrasound of the brachial artery (on the upper arm) and carotid artery (on the neck) to measure artery size.

Participants in the exercise program will exercise (e.g., walking, running, cycling, stretching, and weight training) for 1 hour at the study exercise laboratory 2 days a week for 12 weeks. If participants cannot come to the laboratory, they may exercise at home, under the guidance of study researchers. Participants will wear a pedometer on select days and keep an activity log to record how far they walk. At the end of the 12-week program, participants will undergo repeat baseline testing. They will also receive a written, personalized exercise program that they can follow on their own. Participants will receive weekly phone calls from study researchers and will attend study visits once a month for 3 months for follow-up and monitoring. Baseline testing will occur again at the end of the 3-month follow-up period.

Participants in the control group will attend group sessions once a week for 12 weeks at which time they will watch videos, including some exercise videos, and play games that do not require physical activity. At the end of Week 12, participants will undergo repeat baseline testing. They will then have the option of taking part in the exercise program.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 25 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria for Part 1 of the Study:

HIV-Infected Children:

  • Must be between 2 weeks and 25 years old with known perinatally acquired HIV infection
  • Stable medical regimen for at least 3 months before study entry
  • Has not used antihypertensive, hypoglycemic, or lipid-lowering medications
  • Active opportunistic infection in the 3 months before study entry
  • Willing to participate in the study and sign the informed consent document

Non-HIV-Infected Siblings/Friends/General Pediatric Control Group:

  • Demographically similar to HIV-infected participants
  • Not known to be HIV-infected
  • Meets all other entry criteria for HIV-infected participants

Exclusion Criteria for Part 1 of the Study:

  • Documented diabetes mellitus managed with medications
  • Heart, kidney, liver, or muscle disease
  • Intercurrent illness at the time of study entry and baseline testing (person can be enrolled when the illness is resolved [e.g., upper respiratory infection])

Inclusion Criteria for Part 2 of the Study:

  • Must be enrolled in Part 1 of the study
  • Must be between 6 and 25 years old
  • Willing to participate in the exercise program and sign the informed consent document
  • Has medical clearance from physician to participate in the study

Exclusion Criteria for Part 2 of the Study:

  • Unable to perform or understand exercise program
  • Currently taking medications that would prohibit participation in exercise programs (e.g., coumadin, heparin)
  • Heart, kidney, liver, or muscle disease
  • Anabolic steroid use in the 3 months before study entry (e.g., growth hormone)
  • Malignant arrhythmia
  • Has a pacemaker
  • Orthopedic problems that would prevent performance of any of the prescribed activities
  • Changes in metabolic stress testing that would make the exercise program unsafe, as determined by the reporting cardiologist (i.e., ischemic changes)
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00908284

Contacts
Contact: Gabriel Somarriba, BS 305-243-4304 gsomarriba2@med.miami.edu
Contact: Sabrina Candelaria, MS, RD, LD 305-243-6117 scandelaria@med.miami.edu

Locations
United States, Florida
University of Miami, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Clinical Research, Batchelor Children's Research Institute Recruiting
Miami, Florida, United States, 33136
Contact: Gabriel Somarriba, BS    305-243-4304    gsomarriba2@med.miami.edu   
Contact: Daniela Neri-Almeida, MS, LD, RD    305-243-6117    dnerialmeida@med.miami.edu   
Principal Investigator: Tracie L. Miller, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Miami
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Tracie L. Miller, MD University of Miami
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Tracie L. Miller, MD, Professor of Pediatrics, University of Miami
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00908284     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 644, 1R01HL095127-01, 1 R01 HL095127-01
Study First Received: May 22, 2009
Last Updated: February 26, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by University of Miami:
AIDS
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome Virus
Human Immunodeficiency Virus
Exercise Physiology
Endothelial Dysfunction

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cardiovascular Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases
Disease
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV Infections
Syndrome
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Pathologic Processes

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 16, 2014